Thursday, 02 August 2018 00:00

TODAY IN HISTORY

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Today in History over RRI World Service -Voice of Indonesia. We start from an event on August 2, 1934 about Hitler.

Adolf Hitler became head of German State with the title ‘Führer’. He was German chancellor in 1933 and leader of Germany since 1934 until he died on April 30, 1945. On August 2, 1934, Hitler became dictator of Germany after President Von Hindenburg passed away. Hitler united position of chancellor and president to be Führer or leader and also made National-Socialist Party which was known with the name ‘Nazi’ as single party in Germany. Nazi was officially dismissed after Germany was defeated in the World War II.

The next event was in 1985, when Delta Airlines flight 191 crashed.

Delta Air Lines Flight 191 was a regularly scheduled Delta Air Lines domestic service from Fort Lauderdale, Florida to Los Angeles with an intermediate stop at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW). On August 2, 1985, the Lockheed L-1011 TriStar operating Flight 191 encountered a microburst while on approach to land at DFW. The aircraft struck the ground over a mile short of the runway, struck a car near the airport, and then collided with two water tanks and disintegrated. The crash killed 137 people and injured 28 others. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) determined that the crash resulted from the flight crew's decision to fly through a thunderstorm, the lack of procedures or training to avoid or escape microbursts, and the lack of hazard information on wind shear.    

And the last event is that in 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait.

On August 2, 1990, Iraqi soldiers invaded Kuwait. The invasion was the second Iraqi invasion after earlier in 1980 to attack Iran. Regime of Saddam Husein always declared that Kuwait territory was the 19th province of Iraq. The invasion to Kuwait aimed to take over wealth of oil of Kuwait and therefore, regime of Saddam hoped to be able to become leader of Arabic world. But the invasion got negative reaction from International world. The international world and the United Nations condemned the Iraqi invasion and ordered Iraq to get out from Kuwait. Thus, a number of countries led by the United States sent their forces to Persia Peninsula to drive away Iraq. Because of the attack of allies, on February 28, 1991, Iraq ended its invasion in Kuwait.

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