Thursday, 13 December 2018 00:00


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Today in History over RRI World Service -Voice of Indonesia. We start from an event on December 13, 1945 when blood tragedy occurred in Tebing Tinggi city.

On December 13, 1945, massive massacre on Tebing Tinggi civilians occurred. This was conducted by Japanese military. The massacre killed around 2.000 people. Until now, Tebing Tinggi civilians commemorate the tragedy as Massacre Day.

The next event is that in 1937, Antara was established.

Public company of Antara News Agency is State-owned Entreprise that is given duty by the government to disseminate information and carry out coverage which is fast, accurate and important throughout Indonesia and international world. Antara News Agency was established on December 13, 1937 by A.M. Sipahoetar, Mr. Soemanang, Adam Malik and Pandoe Kartawigoena, when spirit of national independence was motivated by the Indonesian youths. As executive director at that time was Mr. Soemanang and Adam Malik was as editor concurrently vice director; Pandoe Kartawigoena was as administrator and also assisted by journalist A.M. Sipahutar. Since 1962, Antara has officially become National News Agency that is directly under president of republic of Indonesia.

And the last event is that in 2003, Saddam Hussein was arrested.

Saddam Hussein was Iraqi president in period July 16, 1979 until April 9, 2003. As leader of Iraq and chairman of Ba'ath party, he took policy of secular pan-Arabism, economic modernization and Arabic socialism. Saddam Hussein was overthrown in invasion of Iraq in 2003, which was led by the United States of America, and arrested by the US forces on December 13, 2003. On November 5, 2006, Chief Judge, Rauf Rasheed Abdel Rahman sentenced him to death on his crimes to humanity. On December 30, 2006, Saddam was executed in the age of 69 years.

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