Today in History begin with January 8, 1912, the African National Congress was established.
The African National Congress (ANC) is a Central-left South African political party and was founded on January 8, 1912 in Bloemfontein to protect the rights of the black majority. The ANC is the only party to have ruled South Africa since 1994. Support for the party had diminished in the 1999 elections, but they regained additional support in the subsequent elections in 2004.
Turning to January 8, 1926, Abdul Aziz bin Saud became the first King of Saudi Arabia. Initially, Abdul Aziz As-Saud was Sultan Nejd who conquered the Hijaz Kingdom in 1925. On January 8, 1926, Abdul Aziz bin Saud was crowned as King of Hijaz in the Grand Mosque. On January 27, 1927, he also raised the status of Nejd to become a kingdom. Based on the Jeddah Treaty on May 20, 1927, Abdul Aziz's power was recognized by the United Kingdom and his country was called the Kingdom of Nejd and Hijaz. For five years, Abdul Aziz ruled his two kingdoms as separate units. On September 23, 1932, the main Saudi territories namely Al-Hasa, Qatif, Nejd and Hejaz, were united into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Today in History with January 8, 2003, a Turkish Airlines plane crashed. Turkish Airlines Flight 634 was a domestic aircraft scheduled to fly from Istanbul Ataturk Airport to Diyarbakir Airport, in the southeast of Turkey. Because of bad weather, the plane crashed into the slope of a mountain. The aircraft broke into three and an explosion occurred that killed 75 of the 80 passengers and crew, including the pilot and co-pilot. Based on the investigation, the thickness of the fog had made the pilot unable to see clearly.