Monday, 11 February 2019 10:41

Jambia, Traditional weapon of Mandar people, West Sulawesi

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Indonesia is rich of various kinds of cultures. The diversity is formed by a number of tribes that live in Indonesian territory and spread out on various islands. Every tribe has customs, language, arts, regional songs, traditional house, including traditional clothes. Generally, every regional cloth is completed with traditional weapon, such as Golok from Jakarta, Kujang from West Java, Piso Surit from North Sumatra, and Rencong from Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, and many others. West Sulawesi province has various tribes, such as Mandar, Pattae, Pannei, and Pattinjo. Mandar tribe has traditional weapon, called ‘Jambia’. In the past, farmers used the weapon for hunting or killing forest animals which destroyed their plants. The weapon was also used to protect them when wandering. Jambia is a traditional weapon like Badik. Its form is a little bit wide on the middle of blade and its tip is sharp. Jambia has two types, namely ‘Jambia Baine’ for women and ‘Jambia Muane’ for men. Comparing with Badik from South Sulawesi, the characteristic of Jambia can be seen from ‘Cipiq’. Cipiq is a sign on Jambia that is split in two ends. While ‘Bisaq’ is a sign of dividing the two halves or back of badik, and penetrates from top to bottom. In ancient belief, the two characteristics were considered good to be used for trade and farming because it was believed that it would bring a lot of fortune. Names of parts on Jambia are ‘Pulu’ or head of Jambia that functions as holder, ‘Oting’ is part of base that is planted into Pulu, Tondong, Seqde, and Uyung or tip of Jambia. While its Sarong or cover is called ‘Guma’.

Read 279 times Last modified on Friday, 15 February 2019 16:21