Let's Speak Bahasa

Let's Speak Bahasa (50)

19
June

Voice of Indonesia presents “Let’s Speak Bahasa Indonesia,” a lesson in the Indonesian language on the radio, introducing some Indonesian vocabulary and tips on how to use it in a conversation. This segment is a joint initiative of Voice of Indonesia and the Language Development and Cultivation Agency at the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture.  Today’s topic is  ‘Office Hours’ or Jam Kerja.

Next is a conversation about Jam Kerja  or  ‘Office Hours’. Tony and Endah are talking about Joko’s work.

Tony          Di sini biasanya mulai kerja jam berapa ?

Endah       Rata-rata mulai jam 7.30 dan selesai jam 4 sore.

Tony          : Istirahat jam berapa ?

Endah        : Istirahat jam dua belas sampai jam satu

Tony          : Oh, jadi, istirahat satu jam, ya ?

Endah        : Ya.

After the conversation, now I’m going to introduce some vocabularies and expressions related to the topic today. I’ll say each word slowly and twice, you can follow after me.

Di sini jam berapa biasanya mulai kerja?

2X which means

What time does it usually start working here?

Rata-rata mulai jam 7.30 dan selesai jam 4 sore

 

It usually starts at 7.30 a.m until 4 p.m

Istirahat  jam berapa ?

 

What’s the time to take a break?

Istirahat jam dua belas sampai jam satu

 

The break is at 12.00 to 13.00 o’clock.

Oh, jadi istirahat satu jam, ya ?

 

Oh, it is only one hour for the break, right?

In the dialogue, Tony said Di sini biasanya mulai kerja jam berapa?. The word biasanya is an adverb that shows frequency. Here are next adverbs that show frequency: selalu (always), biasanya (usually), sering (often), kadang-kadang (sometimes), jarang (rarely) and tidak pernah (never).

For examples:

-      Saya selalu berangkat kerja pukul tujuh. (I always go to work at 7 o’clock.)

-      Mereka biasanya pulang kerja jam 4 sore. (They usually go home at 4 p.m.)

-      Aku sering pergi ke sekolah jam tujuh. (I often go to school at 7 o’clock.)

-      Dia kadang-kadang pulang jam sepuluh malam. (Sometimes he comes home at 10 p.m.)

-      Tony jarang datang terlambat.  (Tony rarely comes late.)

Actually, there are still other kinds of adverbs but the words selalu, biasanya, sering, kadang-kadang dan tidak pernah  are often used in daily conversation.

17
June

Voice of Indonesia presents “Let’s Speak Bahasa Indonesia,” a lesson in the Indonesian language on the radio, introducing some Indonesian vocabulary and tips on how to use it in a conversation. This segment is a joint initiative of Voice of Indonesia and the Language Development and Cultivation Agency at the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture.  Today’s topic is  ‘He hasn’t come home yet, right? or Dia belum pulang ya?

Next is a conversation about Dia belum pulang ya?  or  ‘He hasn’t come home yet, right? Tony and Endah are talking about work.

Endah

Joko belum pulang, ya?

Tony

Ya, dia bilang ada rapat di kantornya

Endah

Dia selalu sibuk sejak menjadi manajer.

After the conversation, now I’ll introduce some vocabularies and idioms related to the topic today. I’ll say each word slowly and twice, you can follow after me.

Mas Joko belum pulang, ya?

(2X) which means

Mas Joko hasn’t come home yet, right?

Dia bilang ada rapat di kantornya.

 

He said, there is a meeting at his office.

Kantor

 

Office

Manajer

 

Manager

Dia selalu sibuk sejak menjadi manajer

 

He is always busy since being a manager.

Kamu orang Amerika, ya?

 

You are an American, right?

Minggu depan

 

Next week

Kamu bekerja di perusahaan asing, ya?

 

you work at foreign company, right?

dosen

 

Lecturer

istirahat

 

To take a rest

kuliah

 

To lecture

If you know something but you want to make sure, you can use the word Ya, at the end of the sentence. Like at the dialogue between Endah and Tony. Endah said Joko belum pulang, ya? She knows or just makes sure that Joko hasn’t come home yet. She asks Tony and makes sure about it.

Other examples :

-      Kamu orang Amerika, ya?  which means ‘you are an American, right?’

-      Kamu akan ke Indonesia minggu depan, ya? which means ‘you will go to Indonesia next week, right?’

-      Kamu bekerja di perusahaan asing, ya? which means ‘you work at foreign company, right?

The sentences are only used at the conversation.

Let’s follow to the next examples :

-      Joko belum pulang, ya? which means ‘Joko hasn’t come home yet, right?’

-      Ya. Dia bilang ada rapat di kantornya. Which means ‘Yes. He said there is a meeting at his office.’

An expression Dia bilangfor indirect sentence is usually used in informal conversation.

For eaxamples :

-      Tony bilang, dia bekerja sebagai teller di bankWhich means ‘Tony saidthat he works as a teller at the bank.’

-      Dinda bilang dia ingin jadi dosenWhich means ‘Dinda said that she wants to be a lecturer.’

Now let’s follow other examples of sentences for formal conversation:

-      Atasan saya mengatakan saya harus kuliah lagi. Which means‘My boss suggested that I have to continue my study.’

-      Dokter mengatakan bahwa saya harus istirahat. Which means ‘The doctor suggested that I must take a rest.’

10
June

Voice of Indonesia presents “Let’s Speak Bahasa Indonesia,” a lesson in the Indonesian language on the radio, introducing some Indonesian vocabularies and tips on how to use it in a conversation. This segment is a joint initiative of Voice of Indonesia and the Language Development and Cultivation Agency at the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture.  Today’s topic is  ‘What are you doing?’ or Kamu Sedang Apa?

Next is a conversation about Kamu Sedang Apa?or ‘What are you doing?’. Joko’s family is celebrating Lebaran. Tony and Dinda watch wedding pictures of Joko and Dinda. Then, Joko comes and greets them.

Joko

Kalian sedang apa ?

Dinda

Kami sedang melihat foto pernikahan kami.

Tony

Ya, kamu masih sangat muda  dalam foto ini.

Joko

Sekarang aku masih muda juga, kan?

Music                                                 : …………………...........

After the conversation, now I’ll introduce some vocabularies and idioms related to the topic today. I’ll say each word slowly, and twice and you can follow after me.

Kamu sedang apa?

(2X) which menas

Wat are you doing?

Kalian sedang apa?

(2X) which means

Wat are you doing?

Foto

(2X) which means

photograph

Kami sedang melihat foto pernikahan kami

(2X) which means

We are watching our wedding photographs.

Kamu masih sangat muda dalam foto ini

(2X) which means

You look very young in this photograph.

Sekarang aku masih muda juga kan?

(2X) which means

Now, I’m still young, right!

Ibu sedang apa?

(2X) which means

What are you doing, mom?

Kamu sedang apa waktu aku menelpon?

(2X) which means

What were you doing when I called you?

Gempa/gempa bumi

(2X) which means

Earthquake

Membaca buku

Olah raga

(2X) which means

Reading sport book

Mandi

(2X) which menas

To take bath

In the dialogue, there was an expression, Kalian sedang apa? which means ‘What are you doing?’ The question is usually used when you want to know the activities of other persons.

Here are some other examples :

Kamu sedang apa?           which means           What are you doing?

Dia sedang apa?                                        What is she/he doing?                               

Ibu sedang apa?                                        What are you doing, mom?

If you want to ask about someone’s activities in the past, you should add the sentence with adverb of past time. For examples :

Kamu sedang apa waktu aku menelepon? (What were you doing when I called you?)

Kalian sedang apa ketika terjadi gempa? (What were you doing when the earthquake occurred?)

Kalian sedang apa? or Sedang apa kalian? (What are you doing?)

The answers of the questions are :

Aku sedang mandi waktu kamu menelpon (I was taking bath when you called me.)

Kami sedang belajar ketika terjadi gempa (We were studying  when the quake occurred.)

Some other examples : ]

Kamu sedang apa?  (What are you doing?)                

Saya sedang membaca buku (I am reading a book.)

Kemarin aku menelpon kamu tidak diangkat (I called you yesterday but you were not there.)

Ya maaf. Kemarin aku sedang olahraga (Sorry, I was exercising / doing sports yesterday.)

29
May

Voice of Indonesia presents “Let’s Speak Bahasa Indonesia,” a lesson in the Indonesian language on the radio, introducing some Indonesian vocabulary and tips on how to use it in a conversation. This segment is a joint initiative of Voice of Indonesia and the Language Development and Cultivation Agency at the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture.  Today’s topic is ‘Sorry’ or Mohon Maaf.

Next is a conversation about Mohon Maaf or ‘Sorry’. Three days ago was Ied-El Fitr. Tony joined to celebrate the Holy Day at Joko’s house. He congratulates Joko and Dinda, Joko’s wife.

Tony           : Selamat hari raya Idul Fitri

Joko           :Terima kasih. Saya mohon maaf atas semua kesalahan

                     saya.

Tony           : Sama-sama. Saya juga minta maaf, ya.                                                       

After the conversation, now I’ll introduce some vocabularies and idioms related to the topic today. I’ll say each word slowly, and twice and you can follow after me.

- Idul Fitri                                (Ied el-fitr)

- Selamat hari raya Idul Fitri   (Happy Ied-el Fitr)                                    

- Kesalahan                  (mistake)                                             

- Saya mohon maaf atas semua kesalahan saya (I beg your forgiveness

                                               for my mistakes)

- Saya juga mohon maaf, ya (I’m sorry too)

To convey congratulation for any celebration, such as religious holiday or other celebration days, you can use the word selamat.

For example :

Selamat hari raya Idul Fitri (‘Happy Ied-El-Fitr’)

Selamat tahun baru    (‘Happy New Year’)

Selamat ulang tahun (‘Happy Birthday’)

Usually, on Ied el-Fitr, Muslims apologize each other by saying Saya mohon maaf atas semua kesalahan sayawhich means ‘I beg your forgiveness for my mistakes’. The expression can also be used in daily conversation, if you have mistakes. For example when you accidentally stepped someone’s feet. You can say saya minta maafor maaf ya which means sorry.

The phrase mohon maaf is more polite than the phrase minta maaf. The phrase minta maaf is usually used with friends or in informal situation. While mohon maaf is usually used in a formal situation or when you have big mistakes and hope to be forgiven

Eid al-Fitr is also called Lebaran. On this day Muslims usually visit the homes of family, relatives and neighbors to stay in touch. They apologize to each other for mistakes that have been made intentionally or unintentionally.

20
May

Voice of Indonesia presents “Let’s Speak Bahasa Indonesia,” a lesson in the Indonesian language on the radio, introducing some Indonesian vocabulary and tips on how to use it in a conversation. This segment is a joint initiative of Voice of Indonesia and the Language Development and Cultivation Agency at the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture.  Today’s topic is  ‘Please come in’ or Silakan Masuk. 

Joko meets  Tony and Joko introduces his wife, Dinda to Tony. Tony invited Tony to drink coffee that has been served for him.

Joko

Silakan minum kopinya!

Tony

Terima kasih. Mmmm....enak.

Joko

Ya. Itu kopi luwak.

Tony

Kamu tidak minum?

Joko

Saya sedang puasa.

Tony

Oh, maaf.

After the conversation, now I’ll introduce some vocabularies and idioms related to the topic today. I’ll say each word slowly, and twice and you can follow after me.

kopi

(2X) which means

Coffee

Silakan minum kopinya

 

Please enjoy the coffee

Enak

 

delicious

Itu kopi luwak

 

It is Luwak coffee.

Kamu tidak minum?

 

Why don’t you drink?

Saya sedang puasa

 

I am fasting.

Silakan masuk

 

Please, come in!

Silakan duduk

 

Please take a seat!

Saya hanya sebentar

 

I am just for a moment.

The word to invite others in Indonesian language is Silakan which means ‘please’.

For example:

Silakan minum kopinya     (please enjoy the coffee)

Silakan masuk                   (please, come in)

Silakan duduk                    (please take a seat)

When you are allowed to do something but you cannot do it, you have to refuse it politely.

For example :

Silakan masuk                     (please come in)

Maaf , di sini saja                 (I am just here.)

Saya hanya sebentar           (I am just for a moment.)

Silakan coba kuenya            (please enjoy the cake)

Maaf saya sedang puasa     (sorry, I am fasting.)

15
April

Voice of Indonesia presents “Let’s Speak Bahasa Indonesia,” a lesson in the Indonesian language on the radio, introducing some Indonesian vocabulary and tips on how to use it in a conversation. This segment is a joint initiative of Voice of Indonesia and the Language Development and Cultivation Agency at the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture.  Today’s topic is Meminta Nomor Telepon or ‘Asking for telephone number’.

Next  is a conversation about  Meminta Nomor Telepon or ‘Asking for telephone number’. Tony is at Prambanan Temple area along with his friend, Joko.  Joko asks Tony’s telephone number, the number  in Indonesia.

Joko

Tony, boleh minta nomor  telepon genggam kamu?

Tony

Boleh, nol delapan satu tiga enam empat lima sembilan tujuh dua nol.

Joko

Nol delapan satu tiga enam empat lima sembilan tujuh dua enam.

Tony

Bukan enam, tetapi nol

Joko

Oh, sembilan tujuh dua nol.

Tony

Ya

As usual, after the conversation I’ll introduce some vocabulary and expressions related to the topic today. I’ll say each word slowly, and twice. You can follow after me.

Tony, boleh minta nomor genggam mu?

Atau: Tony, boleh minta nomor  HP mu?

(2X) which means

Tony, May I ask your cellphone number?

Boleh

(2X) which means

may

Nol atau kosong

(2X) which means

Nil or zero

delapan

(2X) which means

eight

Satu

(2X) which means

one

Dua

(2X) which means

two

Tiga

(2X) which means

three

Empat

(2X) which means

four

Lima

(2X) which means

five

     

Enam

(2X) which means

six

Tujuh

(2X) which means

seven

Sembilan

 

nine

Bukan

(2X) which means

not

Hand phone, telepon genggam, telepon seluler

(2X) which means

Cellular phone

To ask someone’s telephone number, you can say Boleh minta nomor telepon? which means ‘may I ask your telephone number’  or Boleh minta nomor ponsel kamu?   or  Boleh minta nomor HP?  which meansmay I ask for your cellular phone number’.

08
April

Voice of Indonesia presents “Let’s Speak Bahasa Indonesian,” a lesson in the Indonesian language on the radio, introducing some Indonesian vocabulary and tips on how to use it in conversation. This segment is a joint initiative of Voice of Indonesia and the Language Development and Cultivation Agency at the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture.  Today’s topic is Kapan Kamu Datang? or ‘When did you come?’.

Next  is a conversation about  Kapan Kamu Datang? or ‘When did you come?’. Tony is in Prambanan Temple area along with his friend, Joko.  They just met.  

Joko

Kapan datang?

Tony

Dua hari yang lalu.

Joko

Oh, hari Senin?

Tony

Ya, hari Senin.

As usual, after the conversation, I’ll introduce some vocabulary and expressions related to the topic today. I’ll say each word slowly, and twice. You can follow after me.

Kapan

(2X) which means

when

Kapan kamu datang?

 

When did you come?

Dua hari yang lalu

 

Two days ago

Hari Senin

 

Monday

Pukul sembilan

 

nine o’clock

Tadi malam

 

last night

Kemarin

 

yesterday

Minggu lalu

 

last week

To ask about time in general, you can use the word kapan which means ‘when’.  To ask about  the arrival time of someone, you can say Kapan datang?, Kapan kamu datang?  or Kapan Anda datang?  which means ‘when did you come?’

To answer the question, you can mention your arrival time, for examples:

- Pukul Sembilan       which means      nine o’clock

- Tadi malam                                            last night

- Kemarin                                                  yesterday

- Minggu lalu                                            last week

01
April

Voice of Indonesia presents “Let’s Speak Bahasa Indonesian,” lessons in the Indonesian language on the radio, introducing some Indonesian vocabulary and tips on how to use it in conversation. This segment is a joint initiative of Voice of Indonesia and the Language Development and Cultivation Agency at the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture.  Today’s topic is Bertemu Teman Lama  or ‘Meeting Old Friend’.

Next  is a conversation about  Bertemu Teman Lama  or ‘Meeting Old Friend’. Tony is in Prambanan Temple area  accompanied by tour guide.  Coincidentally, Tony meet with Joko, his friend.

Joko

“Tony? Kamu Tony, kan?

Tony

Joko?

Joko

“Ya, Aku Joko. Wah , kamu masih ingat aku.

Tony

“Tentu.

Joko

“Apa kabar?”

Tony

“Baik. Wah, aku senang bertemu kamu di sini.

Joko

“Aku juga, Ton.

As usual, after the conversation I’ll introduce some vocabulary and expressions related to the topic today. I’ll say each word slowly, and twice. You can follow after me.

Kamu Tony, kan?

(2X) which means

You are Tony, aren’t you? or You are Tony, right?

Wah, kamu masih ingat aku.

 

Great, you still remember me.

Saya senang bertemu kamu di sini.

 

I am glad  to meet you

Maaf.

 

Sorry / excuse me

Bukan.

 

Not

Orang Inggris.

 

British

Musim panas.

 

Summer

In the dialogue, Joke was very sure that a person he saw at Prambanan Temple area is Tony, his friend.

However, he wanted to make sure by asking, Kamu Tony, kan? which means ‘You are Tony, right?’.  The sentence is used in the context of conversation with friends.

Other examples: Kamu orang Inggris, kan?  Which means  ‘you are a British, right?’. On the same situation, but you talk to people you respect or do not really know, you can say: Maaf, pak Joko, ya? which means  ‘excuse me, you are pak Joko, right?’  or Anda Tony, bukan? which means ‘you are Tony, aren’t you?’ . If you are in the situation and  apparently what he/she meant  is not you, you can say: Maaf, saya bukan Tony which means ‘sorry, I am not Tony’.

Some other examples :

-      Maaf, Anda Tony, bukan?  which means  ‘Excuse me, you are Tony, right?

-      Oh maaf, saya bukan Tony  which means ‘sorry I am not Tony’

-      Kamu orang Inggris, kan?  which means  ‘You are a British, right?’

-      Bukan, saya bukan orang Inggris  which means ‘No,  I am not a British’

27
March

Voice of Indonesia presents “Let’s Speak Bahasa Indonesian,” a lesson in the Indonesian language on the radio, introducing some Indonesian vocabulary and tips on how to use it in conversation. This segment is a joint initiative of Voice of Indonesia and the Language Development and Cultivation Agency at the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture. Today’s  topic is Cuaca or ‘Weather’.

Next  is a conversation between Tony and Tour Guide at Prambanan Temple area. They are talking about the weather.

Tony                    : Oh, panas sekali. Berapa suhunya ?

Tour Guide     : Tiga puluh derajat celcius.                                             

Tony                            : Wow !                                  

Tour Guide     : Berapa suhu di London pada musim panas ?       

Tony                            : Mmmm, sekitar dua puluh tiga derajat.

  

As usual, after the conversation, I’ll introduce some vocabulary and expressions related to the topic today. I’ll say each word slowly, and twice. You can follow after me.

- Suhu                                                 which means temperature                       

- Berapa suhunya ?                                                   What is  the temperature

- Tiga puluh derajat celcius                                      thirty centrigate degrees 

- Berapa suhu di London pada musim panas? What is the temperature in

                                                                       London in the summer?

- Sekitar 23 derajat                                                               about 23  degrees     

To know air temperature when you are talking, you can say: Berapa suhunya?. When you want to knowthe air temperature of a country (such as in London) or region in certain season, you can say:

Berapa suhu di London pada musim panas? which means ‘what is the temperature in summer in London?’

Berapa suhu udara pada musim dingin? which means ‘what is the temperature in winter?’.

If you know the temperature exactly, you can mention it, but if you do not know you can use the word sekitar, kurang lebih.

For example :

A : Berapa suhunya ?   which means   ‘what is the temperature?’

B : Kurang lebih dua puluh tiga derajat   which means   ‘it is about 23 degrees’

25
March

Voice of Indonesia presents “Let’s Speak Bahasa Indonesian,” a lesson in the Indonesian language on the radio, introducing some Indonesian vocabulary and tips on how to use it in conversation. This segment is a joint initiative of Voice of Indonesia and the Language Development Agency at the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture. Today’s  topic is Musim  or ‘Season’.

Next  is a conversation between Tony and Tour Guide at Prambanan Temple area. They are talking about the season.

Tony

“Cuacanya panas sekali.”

Pemandu wisata

“Ya. Sekarang sedang musim kemarau.”

Tony

“Oh, Di Indonesia ada dua musim. Benar?”

Pemandu wisata

“Ya , musim kemarau dan musim hujan.”

As usual, after the conversation, I’ll introduce some vocabulary and expressions related to the topic today. I’ll say each word slowly, and twice. You can follow after me.

Cuacanya panas sekali

(2X) in English

The weather is extremely hot

Musim

 

Season

Di Indonesia ada dua musim

 

There are two seasons in Indonesia.

Sekarang sedang musim kemarau

 

Now, it is dry season.

Musim kemarau dan musim hujan

 

Dry and rainy seasons

Di Amerika ada empat musim

 

America has four seasons.

Musim panas

 

Summer

Musim dingin

 

Winter

Musim semi

 

Spring

Musim gugur

 

Autumn

There are two seasons in Indonesia, namely the dry season and the rainy season. In Indonesian language, you can say, Di Indonesia ada dua musim, yaitu musim kemarau dan musim hujan.

Another example to mention the season in your country: Di Amerika ada  empat musim, yaitu musim panas, musim semi, musim gugur dan musim dingin  which mean ‘there are four seasons in America, namely summer, winter, spring and autumn’.

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