Focus (88)


President Joko Widodo and First Lady Iriana Joko Widodo welcomed the arrival of Malaysian Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad and First Lady Siti Hasmah at Bogor Palace in West Java on last Friday (June 29, 2018). Indonesia and Malaysia agreed to boost cooperation. One of them is the protection of Indonesian migrant workers in Malaysia and the construction of a school for the children of Indonesian citizens residing in Malaysia. Both President Joko Widodo and Prime Minister Mahathir Mohammad agreed that this cooperation is followed up in the ministerial level forum. President Joko Widodo in a press statement with Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad at the Bogor Presidential Palace, West Java, said that Indonesia and Malaysia have the same commitment to enhance cooperation. We also provide protection for Indonesian migrant workers in Malaysia, and the construction of schools of Indonesian migrant workers’ children residing in Malaysia. In relation to the International issues, we are also talking about the South China Sea and we share the same commitment that dialogue-based solutions to international law will be put forward, saidMalaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad.The two heads of government also discussed the problem of eradicating corruption, connectivity and border problem. President Joko Widodo also said that it is an honor for Indonesia to receive the visit of Prime Minister of Malaysia, Mahathir Mohamad. According to the President, Indonesia is the first country in ASEAN visited by Mahatir Mohamad after becoming the prime minister. Meanwhile, Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad said the two countries have the same problems, especially the threat of palm oil exports for both countries by Europe. According to PM Mahathir, the two countries must vote against a black campaign by Europe against Indonesia and Malaysia. The trade value of Indonesia and Malaysia last year increased 22 percent from 2016 to $16.89 billion dollars. This value makes Malaysia the seventh largest trading partner of Indonesia globally and the third largest trading partner in ASEAN after Singapore and Thailand.


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Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation (BOS) re-released five individual orangutans in Kehje Sewen Forest, East Kutai (Kutim), East Kalimantan on Monday (25/06/2018). CEO of BOS Foundation, Jamartin Sihite said that the orangutan release is in collaboration with East Kalimantan Natural Resource Conservation Center (BKSDA). He also said that the five orangutans released were the result of the rehabilitation process at Samboja Lestari, consisting of one male namely Julien (7 years), and four females, Erina (8), Cheryl (7), Nicola (13), and Choki (7) . The five departed from Samboja Lestari directly to the release points at Kehje Sewen Forest, which took 20 hours. The five orangutans are considered to have qualified skills and behaviors to be able to live independently in the forest.

Jamartin Sihite added that the release was the sixth times, held by the BOS Foundation in collaboration with BKSDA of East Kalimantan. According to Jamartin, the forest that becomes the new home for five individual orangutans is an ecosystem restoration forest area which reaches ​​more than 86 thousand hectares in Muara Wahau District, East Kutai Regency. The forest has accommodated 86 individual release orangutans. He also pointed out that the release activities routinely carried out by the BOS Foundation have significantly increased the orangutan population in the wild. But on the other hand, this pushes the release of forests close to its limits. In fact, a survey conducted by BOS Foundation in Kehje Sewen Forest shows that this forest is able to accommodate 150 orangutans, while now the population reaches 91 orangutans. This condition encourages BOS Foundation to keep searching for alternative forest areas that are eligible for orangutan release in the future.

Jamartin Sihite added that there are still hundreds of orangutans in Samboja Lestari waiting to be released, but forest release capacity is still lacking. Therefore, Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation -BOS requested the support of the community, local government, and the Ministry of Environment and Forestry to increase the area of ​​release in East Kalimantan. Jamartin said that humans desperately need a range of environmental services from forests, namely water and clean air, forest products, and well-regulated climate. Meanwhile, Orangutans maintain the forest quality. Therefore, their existence is very important for human beings.


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Islam and nationality are often contradicted by groups of people. Vice President, Jusuf Kalla urged the public not to distinguish between Islam and the spirit of nationality, not to mention contrasting both of them. This was affirmed by VP Jusuf Kalla during a speech at Universitas Muslim Indonesia-UMI in Makassar, South Sulawesi last Saturday (June 23, 2018). He views that making distance, let alone contrasting both of them is clearly not beneficial for both as Muslims and as Indonesian citizens.

Vice President Jusuf Kalla who received the title of Honorary Doctor stated that the principle of Islam plays a major role in the establishment of the spirit of Indonesian nationality. Based on the history and dynamics of Muslims in this country, Islam has become the unifying factor of tribes with various customs and traditions.

In his speech entitled "Actualization of Islamic Principles and Strengthening the Spirit of Nationality", Vice President Jusuf Kalla pointed out that the historical evidence of how the process of spreading Islam has contributed in unifying Indonesia as the archipelagic country. He also said that Islam encourages the solidarity of fellow Muslims, or the Islamic Brotherhood, among various ethnics and groups. Then, this deed is developed into solidarity among fellow citizens in the country or this is called ‘Ukhuwah Wathaniyah’ when the Dutch colonized Indonesia. In addition, VP Jusuf Kalla affirmed that Islam is a teaching that occupies the highest and noble place in the life of every Muslim. Therefore, it must continue to place Islam in its height and glory, and not reduce it to empirical-sociological reality and phenomena, such as nationality.  

Meanwhile, the spirit of nationality is a human product. Vice President Jusuf Kalla remarked that the spirit of nationality is formed due to various factors, such as history, development and dynamics of social, cultural and religious matters of Indonesian people in the long history. He perceived that all these factors are combined to play a major role in the formation of the spirit of nationality. In particular, the spirit of nationality over Islamic principles also plays a significant role in shaping the spirit of Indonesian nationality. VP Jusuf Kalla asserted that the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia based on Pancasila is the actualization of religious nationality in its five principles.


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A number of farmers in Southwest Sumba (SBD), East Nusa Tenggara Province -NTT produce their own organic fertilizers with the guidance from Yayasan Pengembangan Kemanusiaan (YPK) Donders.

The farmers in Goludapi, Weelonda Village, for example, make organic fertilizer from various leaves, banana stems, straw and dry corn stalks. The leaves and dried stalks are chopped. Then, these are mixed with wood powder, and compost in the form of Micro Local Organism fermentation (MOL) to be fertilizer. The types of plants such as rice, corn, cocoa, cashew and others are used. In collecting and chopping up the leaves and dry stems, the farmers are assisted by their sons after school or during school holidays. Children work and play. At the same time, they also learn how to make organic fertilizer.

Dewi Mandeta, an assistant from YPK Donders accompanied them to work on one of the organic fertilizer making processes that will be utilized by 26 farmers in the group. She also explained to Antara on Wednesday (13/6) that the Micro Local Organisms –MOL is mixed with one-ton substance of solid organic fertilizer that can later be utilized to fertilize plants about one-hectare land. This organic fertilizer mixture comprises leaves, fruits and stems. If this is used, it will decompose to fertilize the plants with respective parts, such as branches/trees, leaves and fruits. Micro Organism Local or MOL is a mixture of ripe papaya fruit, half-fermented rice, coconut water and brown sugar. All these materials can be obtained easily in the villages except brown sugar that must be bought at the price of Rp25 thousand per kilogram.

YPK Donders guides nearly a hundred farmer groups in four Sumba districts, including 36 groups in Southwest Sumba, in cooperation with several parties such as the Food and Agriculture Organization -FAO and Millennium Challenge Account-Indonesia -MCAI.


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Chairman of the Democratic Party who is also the 6th President of the Republic of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono -SBY said that the most important thing in the life of the nation is social justice in accordance with the fifth principle of Pancasila. Therefore, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono called for all Indonesian people not to contradict Pancasila against  religion. The call was made in Jakarta recently. He also said that Pancasila should be implemented, especially the fifth principle, namely ‘Social Justice for All Indonesian People’. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono also requested that prosperity must be enjoyed by not only certain groups of people, but also all Indonesian people and they all should help each other. One of the dimensions of justice in life is social justice.

Meanwhile, Deputy Secretary of Nahdlaul Ulama for Jember Branch Office, Moch Eksan said in Jember, East Java (10/6) as quoted from NU online that there are still parties who try to contradict Pancasila and Islam. He explained that there is still a good insight about Islam and Pancasila. Some people try to discredit Pancasila and try to replace Pancasila with religious ideology. He perceived that keeping Pancasila means keeping the Unitary State of Republic of Indonesia -NKRI.  Eksan added that the important point of the NU decision is that Pancasila is not a religion, and it cannot replace religion. Pancasila is only a principle or state ideology. While Islam is an aqidah. Although Pancasila is not a religion, its contents are the crystallization of religious values.

In addition, a member of the People’s Consultative Assembly –MPR, Sabam Sirait asked every element of the nation to fight together to maintain Pancasila and the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia -NKRI. As quoted by during the Socialization of the Four Pillars at Sports Arena (GOR) Bintaro Permai, Pesanggrahan Sub-district in South Jakarta last week, Sabam said that to keep Pancasila and NKRI is very important for the Indonesian nation to remain intact. According to Sabam, loving the nation of Indonesia must be maintained together. He added that keeping the unity among Indonesian people is very important for the sustainability of this country because Pancasila is the only glue of all islands, tribes, and religions.


Indonesian Industry Ministry facilitated some national small and medium batik industry players in joining international exhibition entitled, “Indonesia Batik for the World” at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, France. One of the participants was Batik Azmiah, a premium-class batik small-medium industry from Jambi province which had penetrated European market. The exhibition held on June 6-12 was to commemorate the 9-year Indonesian Batik being listed as the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO since October 2 2009. That was said by Indonesian Industry Ministry’s Small-Medium Industry Director General, Gati Wibawaningsih in Jakarta last Monday (18/6). She said that the aim of holding the Indonesia Batik for the World was to show the wealth of Indonesian batik culture, craftsmen’s competence, and continuity of batik industry to the world. According to Gati, Indonesian batik keeps showing its identity in various international exhibitions. Gati also explained that this year’s exhibition, there are 100 premium batik cloths exhibited by batik craftsmen from many regions of Indonesia. In 2015, Industry Ministry awarded Three-Star One Village One Product (OVOP) for Batik Category to Batik Azmiah. According to Gati, Rumah Batik Azmiah is a batik small-medium industry, famous for its classic colors and unique patterns. Some of the produced patterns are kapal sanggat, tampuk manggis, bungo keladi, and merak ngeram. Something special about Azmiah batik is its batik-making process which is through six-time coloring until pretty colors appear. Gati further said that the batik industry plays an important role for the national economy. As market leader, Indonesia had conquered global batik market as well as moved both regional and national economy through it. In addition, the batik industry has provided thousands of job opportunities and contributed to national foreign exchange. The Industry Ministry recorded the value of batik export and product in 2017 had reached $58 million dollars. The main markets are Japan, the United States of America, and some European countries. According to Gati, this indicates that the national batik industry has comparative competitiveness in the global market. She also said, currently the batik industry is being dominated by small-medium industry players spread across 101 centers in Indonesia. The number of absorbed workers in the batik small-medium industry centers reaches 15 thousand people. Gati Wibawaningsih reaffirmed, the Industry Ministry keeps trying to increase the competitiveness and productivity of national batik industry. The strategic moves that have been implemented are manpower competence increase, product quality development, standardization, machinery and equipment facility, as well as promotion and exhibition.


Indonesian Vice President Jusuf Kalla said political and economic stability of regional countries, especially Indonesia, is key to the sustainability and success of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). According to Antara , Jusuf Kalla in Tokyo, Japan recently said, as a country with a population that represents 40 percent of all ASEAN, Indonesia has such an important key to promote economic and political stability in the eyes of the international world. Therefore, Indonesia's domestic stability will affect the region. Jusuf Kalla stated this in his speech at The 24th International Conference on the Future of Asia in Tokyo, Japan on Tuesday, June 12.According to Jusuf Kalla, political conditions in Indonesia are increasingly democratic, especially with the general elections, both president and vice president and regional head elections taking place in 2,400 regions. The implementation of elections in Indonesia, since the 1998 reforms, has been transparent without being followed by the chaos that led to ongoing conflicts within the country. He insisted that all elections are peaceful, and that next year's election will also be peaceful, even better than ever. Meanwhile, from the economic side, economic growth in Indonesia which reached five percent indicates Indonesia can improve the economy after the economic crisis occurred in 1998. Jusuf Kalla explained, Indonesia's economy continues to grow about five percent per year.Despite the stable political life in Indonesia, Jusuf Kalla did not dismiss the acts of terrorism that occurred several times . But it is a lesson for Indonesia to continuebe prepared to anticipate all forms of terror. According to Jusuf Kalla, the increasing and sporadic acts of terrorism in the world have affected Indonesia as well. Some terrorist attacks occurred recently. However, the Indonesian authorities have managed to handle it well. Jusuf Kalla said Indonesia continues to improve its intelligence capabilities. In addition, Indonesia made several necessary revisions to the rule of law to enable more proactive and preventive action. Indonesia also educates the public to participate in prevention and preventive measures.In front of conference participants, Jusuf Kalla also presented a number of government subsidy programs for the community. Starting from social programs, health, to education. He said the program is important to maintain the unity and stability of the nation. As a diverse nation, Indonesia believes in the importance of common prosperity to maintain a sense of unity and political stability. Jusuf Kalla added that over the past three years Indonesia has been able to reduce income inequality, poverty level and unemployment rate. However, Indonesia needs to work harder to narrow the gap with neighboring countries. This is my Indonesia this time.


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Pancasila belongs to the whole people of Indonesia, not belonging to certain groups. This was affirmed by Chairman of Committee III of the Regional Representative Council of the Republic of Indonesia, Fahira Idris during the Socialization of Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, Unitary State of Republic of Indonesia -NKRI, and Unity in Diversity (Bhineka Tunggal Ika) in Cipayung, East Jakarta on last Sunday (10/6). Fahira Idris also reminded there should be no attitude or actions of a group of people let alone supported by certain powers considered themselves the most ‘Pancasilaist’ and entitled to be interpreters of Pancasila values. He views that such an attitude will pose some distraction and threaten the unity of the Indonesian nation. Fahira Idris also explained that arrogance that considers herself or himself most Pancasilaist will be a source of commotion and seeds of disunity and this should not be allowed to happen.

Fahira Idris reminded that the debate about Pancasila has been completed one day after the Republic of Indonesia proclaimed its independence on August 18, 1945.That day was the birthday of Indonesian Constitution - the 1945 Constitution whose opening is Pancasila. He also perceived that now, Indonesian people should enjoy the strength of the five principles of Pancasila, especially ‘the social justice’ for all Indonesian people.

Meanwhile, Vice Chairman of the People's Consultative Assembly, Mahyudin, during the socialization of 4 Pillars in East Kalimantan on last Tuesday (5/6) as quoted by Antara News Agency said that it’s important to implement the fifth principle of Pancasila, the Social Justice for All Indonesian People. Mahyudin also remarked that in principle, the State should be able to create prosperity for its people. After 73-year independence, Indonesia is still facing a lot of poor people with malnutrition, not enjoying electricity, health and so on. So, he said the government should be able to solve the social problems.

Mahyudin reminds that Pancasila is the foundation of the State of Indonesia. So, without Pancasila, Indonesia can disband. Therefore, the values ​​of Pancasila should be implemented in daily life by Indonesian people, especially its leaders and elite people. Mahyudin also explained that the socialization of the four pillars is intensively conducted so that the public better understand the ideology of the State.


Before 500 farmers, President Joko Widodo pointed out that the role of farmers will be increasingly important and strategic in the future so it should continue to be developed along with the advancement of digitalization of agricultural technology. The President was quoted by Antara News Agency as saying that it is time for the farmers to improve themselves in order to increase their productivity. On the sidelines of a working visit, President Joko Widodo launched ‘the Agricultural Entrepreneurship and Digitalization Program of Agriculture’ in Sliyeg District, Indramayu Regency, West Java, on last Thursday (7/6). During his visit, President Joko Widodo was accompanied by Minister of State Owned Enterprises, Rini Soemarno, Agriculture Minister, Andi Amran Sulaiman, Minister of Industry, Airlangga Hartarto,  Deputy Chairman of Commission 6 of the House of Representatives -DPR, Dito Ganinduto and several directors of the State Owned Enterprises -SOEs. President Joko Widodo emphasized that the role of farmers is very strategic because food will become one of the commodities to be in great demand by most countries. The President also affirmed, the necessity to digitize agriculture supported by entrepreneurship capability of farmers becomes the main factor to win the competition in food sector. The President also emphasized the importance of developing the technology and entrepreneurial ability of farmers when post-harvest comes. Because, a lot of benefits can be obtained by the farmers. President Joko Widodo visited directly Mitra Usaha Milik Desa Bersama (MBB) Sliyeg who is also a partner of PT Telkom Indonesia. The MBB has a Village Owned Enterprise at regency level consisting of 14 Village Owned Enterprises and a Joint Group of Farmers (Gapoktan) Association, which consists of 127 Farmer Groups (Poktan) and 7,009 Farmers. Sliyeg's MBB production is 54,000 tons per year with a total land area of ​​4,384 hectares. MMB Sliyeg is one of the farmer entrepreneurship pilot projects that implement agricultural digitization system with an application of "Farm Logistics"  (LOGTAN). This application becomes a digital platform that integrates four cycles of agriculture. They are pre-planting, planting, harvesting, and post-harvesting in a bid to improve productivity and farmer's welfare. The types of MBB services include financing of People's Business Credit (KUR / Non-KUR), fertilizer distribution and horticultural marketplace with major customers of farmers and Village Owned Enterprises. President Joko Widodo said that such a business model would be evaluated within the next six months or a year. If the first program in Indramayu is successful, the government will do it for farmer groups in other regions. In essence, Indonesia wants to build a more efficient farmer corporation organization which is able to give farmers great benefits and  these models can be developed because the biggest benefit is post-harvest.


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The Sanctity Day Commemoration of Pancasila set every June 1st should be used as a moment of reminder, moment of spur, and moment of actualization of Pancasila’s values. This was stated by President Joko Widodo at Gedung Pancasila, Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Jakarta on last Friday (01.06) as quoted by Antara News Agency. Even, the President asked Indonesian citizens to make the Sanctity Dayof Pancasila as an effort to build the nation, and invite the ulama and all stakeholders to practice the values ​​of Pancasila.

In addition, President Joko Widodo also stated that Indonesia as one of plural countries consisting of various tribes and religions is often colored with intolerance issue. Therefore, he views that Pancasila needs implementing to deal with the issue. He also pointed out that any country in the world will always proceed to become plural society. Very often, this plurality is also overshadowed by the risk of intolerance, disunity and lack of cooperation.

In his speech, President Joko Widodo said that it is the right time for Indonesians to share their experiences in Bhinneka Tunggal Ika or Unity in Diversity in tolerating and in building unity and togetherness. He also called for all components of the nation to jointly practice Pancasila in their daily life. The President emphasized that the united spirit of sharing and achievement will confirm the steps of the Indonesian nation towards a developed and glorious country.

Meanwhile, Deputy Speaker of People Consultative Assembly –MPR, Muhaimin Iskandar, as quoted from Antara News Agency, called for Indonesian people to use the momentum of the Pancasila Sanctity Day June 1st to be a means of improving the unity of the nation. He also affirmed that the Pancasila Sanctity Day should be a momentum for the Indonesian nation to unite, cooperate and enhance unity.

On the same occasion, Chairman of the Pancasila Ideology Development Agency, Yudi Latief said that this year, the Pancasila Sanctity Day is special because it coincides with the political year, Ramadan and the Asian Games sports event. He hoped that people can grow a sense of unity, sharing and solidity. He also appealed to the differences of choice in society not to cause disunity. Yudi Latief hoped that the community will remain in the spirit of unity.

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