The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is pushing for the importance of a strategic environmental assessment step in protecting the Rainforest as a world cultural heritage. Director of UNESCO Jakarta Syahbaz Khan told RRI World Service Voice of Indonesia, Friday in Jakarta, the environmental assessment step is needed to understand the environmental ecology as well as find alternative steps in the effort to maintain its sustainability.
"That's why we have to do what we call the strategic environmental assessment which is precisely about the same topic, where it is very sensitive not to build the road and where should be possible to find alternate. And how can we have the plantation but at the same time we conserve the outstanding universal value. So there is a lot of work which has gone in to understand the ecology, to understand the social economic aspect, and how to find the alternatives with the least impact," Shahbaz Khan said.
Previously it was reported, UNESCO released a list of Endangered World Heritage Sites. There are 21 new locations that add the total to 54 locations from around the world that deserve attention. One of the locations on the list is Rainforest in Sumatra which according to UNESCO is threatened with extinction due to human activities.
Rainforest in Sumatra has an area of approximately 2.5 million hectares divided into three National Parks, namely Gunung Leuser National Park, Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park and Kerinci Seblat National Park. The Sumatra Rainforest has a high biodiversity as it has population of approximately 10,000 species of plants, 580 species of birds and 201 species of mammals. (VOI-ndy / edt ahm)