Editorial

Editorial (371)

16
September

Forest is a very vital area for the earth and human life source. Indonesia is known as the world’s third biggest country of forest in the world. It consists of tropical forest in some regions across Indonesia, especially rain forest in Kalimantan and Papua. Based on the date of Forest Watch Indonesia, around 82 hectares of Indonesian land is covered with thick forest. Forest is also one of supporting parts for natural equilibrium and microbiological energy resources that are in need. The question is that what happens if the forest is burnt? The forest and land fires almost occur in some regions throughout Indonesia every year, usually entering dry season. Anyhow, the forest and land fires may bring about disadvantages for both local and people and neighboring countries. The serious negative impacts are the losses of flora and fauna, and air pollution. As consequences, the people impacted may suffer from many kinds of diseases such as respiratory infection, asthma and chronic lungs disorders. In addition, the smoke of the forest and land fires also interrupts the sight distance, mainly for the flight. In general, the causing factors of the forest and land fires are lightening and human activities which are carried out intentionally or unintentionally. The intentional burning is aimed at opening new land for plantation. The government of Indonesia has attempted to address the forest and land fires by mobilizing the local people, the police and armed forces personnel. More importantly, the government through the Ministry of Environment has seriously punished those who are proven to have burnt the forest. So far, there have been hundreds of suspected people and four companies. The serious efforts of Indonesian government to cope with the forest and land fires are worth appreciating. The local people, primarily the individual planters also have to take part in maintaining their environment. They must be aware of the negative consequences of the forest and land fires.

13
September


Israel's re-election to take place next week on September 17 evokes international reaction. Ahead of the election, Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu promises to annex the West Bank which has been known as the Palestinian territory, as if he wanted to explore anyone who agrees and disagrees with this problem. This also shows that he is not alone with the planned annexation of the area.    

The West Bank as PM Netanyahu mentions is known by the name ‘Judea’ and ‘Samaria’ which are part of the territory of the Palestinian state, west of the Jordan River. The West Bank and Gaza Strip are part of the Palestinian territories declared in 1988. It is estimated that around 65 thousand Palestinians and 11 thousand Israelis live in the region.Indonesia and Arab countries strongly criticized PM Netanyahu's statement. The Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that PM Netanyahu's promise is contrary to international law and various UN resolutions. This will obviously threaten the follow-up of the Palestinian-Israeli peace process. Saudi Arabia views that Prime Minister Netanyahu's plan is an escalation of dangerous tensions. Member countries of Islamic Conference Organization -OIC will hold a special meeting in Jeddah to discuss the threat of PM Netanyahu on 15th of September. On one hand, Jordan views Prime Minister Netanyahu's promise to trigger violent conflict in the Middle East. On the other hand, the European Union says that it would not recognize any changes relating to Jerusalem. The European Union believes that settlement construction and expansion in East Jerusalem is a violation of international law. In contrast, since last June, the United States through its Ambassador to Israel, David Friedman mentioned that Israel has the rights to annex the West Bank, Palestine.Apart from the strong international reaction, PM Netanyahu is actually facing panic with domestic political situation in Israel. After being re-elected as prime minister of Israel through the April 9 elections, it turned out that within the given deadline, PM Benyamin Netanyahu failed to form a new government, because it failed to reach a coalition agreement. This would threaten his position as Israeli prime minister. Raising sensitive issue in the campaign and evoking international reaction were an attempt by PM Netanyahu to win the re-election even though many said it was like rowing in the middle of the ocean with a leaky boat.

11
September

North Korea uses the nuclear issue to reopen dialogue with the United States. That tendency appears from its  rhetoric and concrete actions. On Monday, September 9, top North Korean officials said they were willing to reopen dialogue with the United States over the abolition of North Korea's nuclear program. But a few hours later the North Korean military fired two short-range projectiles which  is the tenth test since early May 2019. North Korea's nuclear test continues after no agreement reached between President Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un at a meeting in Hanoi last February. At that time, President Donald Trump had dispelled the hopes of Kim Jong-un who requested that Washington revokes sanctions imposed on North Korea. KIm Jong-un stated that US sanctions had weakened North Korea. North Korea's hopes, the United States will soften and change policies by lifting economic sanctions, have not yet materialized. The launch of the projectile carried out by North Korea can be seen as Kim Jong-un's strategy of pressuring Washington to reopen a dialogue that has stalled since last February. Regarding North Korea's statement to return to negotiations, Washington so far has not given any  serious response. From the White House reportedly, President Donald Trump only stated that it was a good thing to negotiate with North Korea. There has also been no reaction to North Korea's projectile test hours after the desire to return to the negotiating table was stated. Both parties, the United States and North Korea have to find ways to resolve their disputes.

09
September

Last Sunday (8/9), Indonesia Electric Motor Show (IEMS) 2019 at Kartika Expo Balai Kartini room in Jakarta was visited by many people. They seemed enthusiastic about observing various electric vehicles, pure batteries, hybrids, plug-in hybrids until fuel cells that displayed at that event.Visitors came from various circles, with different goals. Some just wanted to look at the exhibition, and some visitors were curious about the development of Indonesia's electric vehicles.Environmental issues are one of the main reasons why some countries are switching from vehicles with fossil fuels to electric ones. The attention of the Indonesian people towards electric vehicles was even greater when the President, Joko Widodo officially signed the Presidential Regulation (Perpres) related to electric cars.The main concerns are not only the product and price, but also the availability of battery charging areas and battery waste treatment.For the people of Indonesia, especially the middle and lower economic circles, product models and prices are certainly an important part of their consideration for switching to electric cars. The habit of people hoping to resell cars that they have been using for several years at a high price will certainly be a challenge to sell electric vehicles.In addition, the availability of battery charging places is certainly an important consideration for electric vehicle users. The number of traffic jams, especially in big cities, especially Jakarta, will certainly make the battery consumption quite large. Thus, there is a need for a large amount of battery charging.Another important point that must be solved is the waste management of electric vehicle batteries. The battery has a lifetime. This means that there will be a lot of battery waste that comes from electric vehicles whose impact is negative on the environment.Therefore, before the mass use of electric vehicles is properly realized, the obstacles that may arise must first be solved.

09
September

Last Sunday (8/9), Indonesia Electric Motor Show (IEMS) 2019 at Kartika Expo Balai Kartini room in Jakarta was visited by many people. They seemed enthusiastic about observing various electric vehicles, pure batteries, hybrids, plug-in hybrids until fuel cells that displayed at that event.Visitors came from various circles, with different goals. Some just wanted to look at the exhibition, and some visitors were curious about the development of Indonesia's electric vehicles.Environmental issues are one of the main reasons why some countries are switching from vehicles with fossil fuels to electric ones. The attention of the Indonesian people towards electric vehicles was even greater when the President, Joko Widodo officially signed the Presidential Regulation (Perpres) related to electric cars.The main concerns are not only the product and price, but also the availability of battery charging areas and battery waste treatment.For the people of Indonesia, especially the middle and lower economic circles, product models and prices are certainly an important part of their consideration for switching to electric cars. The habit of people hoping to resell cars that they have been using for several years at a high price will certainly be a challenge to sell electric vehicles.In addition, the availability of battery charging places is certainly an important consideration for electric vehicle users. The number of traffic jams, especially in big cities, especially Jakarta, will certainly make the battery consumption quite large. Thus, there is a need for a large amount of battery charging.Another important point that must be solved is the waste management of electric vehicle batteries. The battery has a lifetime. This means that there will be a lot of battery waste that comes from electric vehicles whose impact is negative on the environment.Therefore, before the mass use of electric vehicles is properly realized, the obstacles that may arise must first be solved.

06
September

A study relates to the climate change with Dorian storm that hit America on September 3 last. According to this study, warmer oceans trigger more extreme storms; sea level increases storm surges and causes worse flooding. After analyzing more than 70 years of Atlantic hurricane data, NASA scientist, Tim Hall reported that storms are more likely to stop on land, extending their time on Earth when they destroy and cause heavy rainfall. After devastating Bahamas for more than 40 hours, Hurricane Dorian finally turned north as a Category 2 storm. The hurricane circled the coasts of Florida and Georgia, before attacking Carolina, which then led to more life-threatening winds, storm surges, and heavy rain. The emergence of Hurricane Dorian made 2019 the fourth year in a row on which Category 5 typhoons formed in the Atlantic -the longest record in history. However, meteorologists and climate experts say, the Dorian storm shows the characteristics of storm that forms in the future when the Earth's climate is getting warmer. In addition to the storm that changed character to be very destructive, global climate change is also marked by CO2 carbon dioxide levels in China which will peak in 2022, 1 year faster than originally predicted in 2023. Conditions that occur in China as the world's largest emitter will affect the efforts the world controls climate change impacts. Then, each country writes down the effects of climate change that starts being felt in their respective places.Every year since the period 1850-1900, the average temperature of the world is approaching or above one degree Celsius. Now, the British Meteorologist says that trend is likely to continue or increase over the next five years. UN scientists publish a special report on the long-term effects if temperatures increase by 1.5 degrees Celsius. They conclude that there needs to be extraordinary efforts to cut carbon in a bid to prevent the world from crossing the line by 2030. Analysis of the British Meteorological Agency says, there is a 10% chance that this will happen in the next five years.If seen from the pattern and map of the location of countries that are safe from climate change, we can conclude that most developed countries dominate the top position on this, especially the countries in Europe and America. Asia is a continent whose countries are categorized as not too ready for the effects of climate change, although Japan is believed to have been very ready for disaster mitigation and emergency conditions.Our deepest concern is that every country's procedures and systems for dealing with disasters and their attitude towards climate change are in sight. One of the aspects that we cannot deny from climate change is actually their responsibility. Because, how ready and vulnerable a country is in dealing with this, any disaster remains a joint responsibility for each country. Therefore, real collective action actually exists and is evident from the countries that are members of the United Nations. The easiest way we can see is that the standpoint of the United Nations –UN that issued what we call 'Sustainable Development Goals' -SDGs.

02
September

Muslims around the world have just celebrated the Islamic New Year 1 Muharram 1441 Hijriyah which falls on 1st of September 2019. Starting from the migration of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 AD, 1 Muharram has a profound meaning for every Muslim, especially Muslims in Indonesia in specific as the majority and Muslims or other nations in other countries in general.On the eve of the Islamic New Year, just as on the eve of the New Year, human beings are encouraged to recall what has been done so far or in the past year. Then, they make up their mind to enhance kindness to their fellow human beings.In the current context of life, Hijrah in Arabic has no longer to be interpreted literally as a physical migration. Hijrah can be interpreted as a change of behavior from negative things to positive ones or better aspects. In fact, Hijrah also implies the spirit of struggle with high optimism without despair.The most important meaning of Hijrah in the context of Indonesia today is the spirit of unity and brotherhood, as exemplified by the Prophet Muhammah when he united the Muhajirin and the Ansar after the migration. In fact, the Prophet Muhammad had established good relations with several groups of Jews who lived in Medina and surrounding areas at that time. Hopefully, this can be a good example to see the condition of Indonesia which is geographically very wide and inhabited by various tribes and ethnic groups so that it is prone to disunity. Take for example; the recent riots in Papua, not to mention the rampant spread of hoax and expressions of hatred that could threaten the unity that has been fostered since Indonesia's independence.Therefore, it is time for the Indonesian people to move away from bad habits that can harm themselves and others and even, the nation should further enhance brotherhood and unity and avoid things that can split the nation.May the Indonesian people avoid division and remain united to achieve what the nation's founder aspires towards advanced and prosperous Indonesian people.

28
August

The 7th high level conference of the industrialized countries, G7, which took place in Biarritz (read: bɪəˈrɪts), France, produced agreements in the fields of economy, trade and international politics. In the field of trade, the G7 which was followed by India and the European Community paid attention to the WTO agreement. Especially regarding copyright protection, efforts to better handle disputes, as well as unfair practices in trade relations. The presence of US President Donald Trump at the summit did not seem to discuss the practice of the trade war that occurred between the United States and China. The G7 also paid attention to the issue of Iran's nuclear reactors and weapons. Politically, the leaders present at the G7 Summit in France shared the same view regarding the prohibition of Iran to own and develop nuclear reactors and weapons. The new British Prime Minister Boris Johnson is reported to have stated his position on Iran. In his press conference Boris Johnson expressly forbade Iran to use nuclear weapons. Whereas other European leaders tend to use a softer approach. That attitude is certainly different from the United States which has been involved in tensions with Tehran. What is also interesting from the G7 Summit in Biarritz, France this time is the discourse to include Russia. G7 leaders are of the view that Russia needs to be included in the G7. From the results of the G7 agreement in France, it seems the world still has not seen results that will impact  the global economic and political fields in the near future. Changes in trade relations marked by the occurrence of the US trade war will still dominate the development of the global economy. Meanwhile, the tension of relations between the United States and Iran may not be eased yet. This can be seen from the statement about Iran's nuclear in the final G7 communique. 

26
August


On August 16, 2019, President Joko Widodo officially asked permission from the parliament members to move the central government to Kalimantan. One week later, Minister of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning / Head of the National Land Agency, Sofyan Djalil said that the new location of Indonesia’s capital would certainly in East Kalimantan Province. However, he emphasized that the land acquisition for the new capital is still awaiting official announcement from President Joko Widodo. President Joko Widodo confirmed that his side is doing a series of studies. But not revealed anything that has not been completed about the transfer plan of the capital. To be sure, President Joko Widodo will immediately announce it when he has received the full results of the study. The Indonesian Forum for the Environment (WALHI), which is the largest environmental movement organization in Indonesia, also responded the  statements of the state officials. On one hand, WALHI doubted the government's concern for the environmental impact behind the transfer plan of Indonesia’s new capital. On the other hand, Deputy Chairman of Commission II of the House of Representatives (DPR), Herman Khaeron asked the government to first propose the concept of capital relocation openly to the DPR. Although the transfer plan of the capital has been widely reported and is becoming public consumption, Herman emphasized that his side has not received official written notification regarding the government's plan to move the capital of Jakarta to Kalimantan. He considers that the right process is that the government must first propose the concept of moving the capital to the DPR for comprehensive discussion. He also emphasized that the policy of moving the country's capital must be determined by law. Obviously, there are still important matters that must be resolved to seriously move the nation's capital to the right and safe territory for long term. So, moving the capital does not need to be done in a hurry, let alone to cause confusing statements by the public.

23
August

The United States of America tested medium-range cruise missiles on Sunday (18/8), a few weeks after withdrawing from the Cold War era nuclear treaty with Russia, Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF). The US Department of Defense reported that the missile was launched from the US Navy base on San Nicolas Island, California. The missile is capable of reaching distances of 500 to 5,500 kilometers. Data collected and lessons learned from this test will provide information for the development of medium-range missile capabilities for the US Department of Defense. After leaving INF on August 2, US President Donald Trump insisted that his side canceled the treaty because he suspected Russia violated a number of requirements. Russia and China have asked the United Nations Security Council (UN) to meet on Thursday (22/8) to discuss "statements by United States (US) officials to develop and use medium-range missiles". The two countries want to bring together 15 councilors on the agenda to discuss "threats to international peace and security. Moscow and Beijing have also asked Head of UN Disarmament Affairs, Izumi Nakamitsu to urge Washington to reconsider its missile development.Of course, the US medium-range missile test has raised international concern, especially when the United States has left the INF, because the treaty actually bans the development of missiles both conventional and modern nuclear that can reach between 500 to 5,500 kilometers. Since the United States disobeys the INF, some possibilities may happen next.A thorough ban on nuclear test is an indispensible step in achieving the goal of eliminating nuclear weapons both medium and long distance. Efforts by the international community to realize the ban on nuclear test have been carried out since the early years of the establishment of the United Nations -UN. In its development, the UN created the Partial Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (PTBT) in 1963. This treaty bans nuclear tests in the air, in space and at sea. Then, the Threshold Test-Ban Treaty (TTBT) created in 1976 also bans nuclear tests above a capacity of 150 kilotons, and the Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty in 1976 bans nuclear tests for military purposes.Of course in general, the world community and in particular, the international organizations such as the United Nations as the world's police must reach a binding consensus that development and nuclear test of any kinds must be prevented immediately. If not, this will trigger and exacerbate military tension either inter-nation or inter-continent. 

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