Editorial

Editorial (338)

11
December

 


Indonesia is a country that consists of more than 13,000 islands, 250 ethnicities and various kinds of cultures that are a source of national strength and potential. 
Thus, the 2018 Indonesian Culture Congress held on December 5-9 becomes very important for the influences of foreign cultures that enter without limits through various media. Moreover, the domestic political situation ahead of the 2019 Election currently tends to heat up and potentially lead to nation’s split. It takes thoughts and willingness to accept and respect differences, both related to the culture of the Indonesian nation and other nations.


 At the closing of the 2018 Indonesian Culture Congress, 
last Sunday (9/12), President Joko Widodo emphasized the importance of the spirit of tolerance in interacting amid the complexity of today's culture. He argued that interaction in various matters, including word contestation and politics would result in utterances of jealousy and hatred if not accompanied by tolerance.Therefore, President Joko Widodo took for examplethat at present, Indonesia needs a stage of tolerant interaction.


Meanwhile, Director General of Culture
 at the Ministry of Education and Culture, Hilmar Farid said that facing other differences and influences,Indonesian people have to position culture as inclusive one. Because, the characteristics of inclusive culture are mutual learning, knowing each other, knowing each other's views, understanding each other, and empathizing. So, tolerance will arise from understanding, instead of doctrine.


The 2018 Indonesian Culture Congress is expected to be a 
significant event to work and produce various ideas for the progress of the Indonesian nation in the future. Naturally, the discussion of cultural strategies that have been going on for 10 years, often leads to delays due to various interests. Fortunately, there are points in the Cultural Strategic Agenda that have been successfully formulated at the 2018 Cultural Congress. These points are to provide space for the diversity of cultural expressions and encourage cultural interaction to strengthen the inclusive culture. This is expected to be a reference in handling and maintaining the sustainability of national culture.


The
n, the results of the congress become recommendation to be immediately followed up by the government as the regulator of the Indonesiannation. However, the effectiveness of the Cultural Strategic Agenda does not have to depend on the government alone. The Indonesian people must love and feel proud as part of the Indonesian nation. Thus, all stakeholders have to maintain and respect each other and agree on the values of the diversity of the Indonesian nation in a culture.

10
December

Human Rights –HAM are the rights that have been owned by someone since he was still in the womb. Human rights are basic rights inherent in human beings and are universal. Thus, human rights must be protected, respected and maintained and should not be confiscated by anyone. Some examples are the rights to life, religion and belief. Human rights are so essential so that every December 10th is commemorated as the World Human Rights Day. The date was chosen because the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10th, 1948. Indeed, human rights are owned by every human being regardless of ethnicity, race, color, and religion. Even so, human rights violations still occur frequently, both internationally and locally in many countries. Human rights violations are forced actions to take away others’ rights. Indonesia has already recognized the existence of human rights long before the United Nations -UN adopted and promoted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10, 1948. This was stated in the first paragraph of the Opening of the 1945 Indonesian Constitution which states "That independence is actually the rights of all nations and therefore, occupation of the world must be abolished because it is not in accordance with humanity and justice." Although human rights are recognized and upheld, cases of human rights violations have still occurred in Indonesia. This usually occurs because it is triggered by inter-racial, ethnic or religious conflicts. In addition, human rights violations can occur due to separatist movements that attack the country's military apparatus as well as civilians. An example of an international human rights case which is widely discussed is the violence against Rohingya in Myanmar and Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories that have been going on since 1967. For both cases of human rights violations, Indonesia strongly opposes and supports efforts to resolve them. Human rights violations can happen to anyone and anywhere. It takes awareness and support of all stakeholders in upholding human rights so that citizens' rights can be guaranteed. Happy World Human Rights Day!

06
December

Bali Democracy Forum

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Published in Editorial

 

Today and tomorrow, December 6 and 7, ten ministers and a head of state (from Nauru), will attend the Bali Democracy Forum- BDF 2018. This year the annual event, held  by the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, enters its 11th year.

The years 2017 and 2018 are special because Indonesia managed to open two BDF Chapters, one for Africa in Tunisia and one for Europe in Berlin, Germany. These two Chapters or branches were formed because of the interest of countries in Africa and Europe in the dialogue surrounding the challenges of contemporary democracy which have apparently increased. However, the type of problem handling cannot be the same because each continent has a different history of problems.

Europe for example, discussed the challenges of contemporary migration and how democratic values can prioritize humanity and human rights although political and social costs cannot be fully predicted. While in  Africa, the issue is fair governance.

This year the Bali Democracy Forum is themed, "Democracy and Welfare." Most countries in the world consider democracy to be the best system of hope. How do democratic countries achieve prosperity? Maybe that will be discussed by participants in the Bali Democracy Forum in two days.

Indeed,  the purpose a country is established is for the welfare of its people. In the Democratic system the state is managed with inclusive participation from the community. In this case the democratic system must also be able to answer aspects of the state's goals, namely welfare.

Every democratic country has its own experience in developing democracy. Democracy grows and develops in each country in a different way. Therefore, there is actually no similar democracy formula that can be applied in all countries.

For eleven years Indonesia has been successfully  organized the forum for democracy. Not to patronize other countries on  how to practice  democracy, but to provide opportunities for various countries to share democratic experiences. Hopefully the Bali Democracy Forum 2018 will also be a  success.

06
December

Bali Democracy Forum

Written by
Published in Editorial

 

Today and tomorrow, December 6 and 7, ten ministers and a head of state (from Nauru), will attend the Bali Democracy Forum- BDF 2018. This year the annual event, held  by the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, enters its 11th year.

The years 2017 and 2018 are special because Indonesia managed to open two BDF Chapters, one for Africa in Tunisia and one for Europe in Berlin, Germany. These two Chapters or branches were formed because of the interest of countries in Africa and Europe in the dialogue surrounding the challenges of contemporary democracy which have apparently increased. However, the type of problem handling cannot be the same because each continent has a different history of problems.

Europe for example, discussed the challenges of contemporary migration and how democratic values can prioritize humanity and human rights although political and social costs cannot be fully predicted. While in  Africa, the issue is fair governance.

This year the Bali Democracy Forum is themed, "Democracy and Welfare." Most countries in the world consider democracy to be the best system of hope. How do democratic countries achieve prosperity? Maybe that will be discussed by participants in the Bali Democracy Forum in two days.

Indeed,  the purpose a country is established is for the welfare of its people. In the Democratic system the state is managed with inclusive participation from the community. In this case the democratic system must also be able to answer aspects of the state's goals, namely welfare.

Every democratic country has its own experience in developing democracy. Democracy grows and develops in each country in a different way. Therefore, there is actually no similar democracy formula that can be applied in all countries.

For eleven years Indonesia has been successfully  organized the forum for democracy. Not to patronize other countries on  how to practice  democracy, but to provide opportunities for various countries to share democratic experiences. Hopefully the Bali Democracy Forum 2018 will also be a  success.

04
December

 

Coordinating Minister of Economic Affairs, Darmin Nasution said that Rupiah has a chance to continue to strengthen after the pressure of a trade war between the United States of America -USA and China began to decrease. This was stated by Minister Darmin in the CEO Networking 2018 in Jakarta, Monday (3-12).

Compared to other developing countries, Minister Darmin also remarked that Rupiah undergoes the fastest increase. In fact, the strengthening of the Rupiah is better than ASEAN countries and other countries' currencies, such as Brazil, India, South Africa and Turkey.

At the opening of the trade this week, Rupiah appreciated against the US dollar. The Rupiah exchange rate which had fallen in the range of Rp. 15,000 per US dollar. This week, it opened higher to Rp. 14,270 per US dollar. Positively, the meeting of US President, Donald Trump and Chinese President, Xi Jinping became one of the triggers. As reported by CNBC on Sunday (12/02/2018), the two leaders agreed that no additional tariffs will be imposed after the upcoming January 1, 2019. This is what is believed to make the trade war subside.

The trade war between the US and China began when the United States threatened the application of tariffs on imported goods to China. The US administration under the leadership of Donald Trump imposed a tariff on import of Chinese goods worth US$34 billion dollars on July 6, 2018. At that time, President Donald Trump threatened to increase trade conflicts with plans to implement tariffs up to US$450 billion for Chinese goods if China countered US policy. That sentiment had put pressure on financial markets, including stocks, currencies and global trade.

The decreased tension of trade war, besides having the potential to strengthen the Rupiah exchange rate against the US dollar, is also expected to re-launch the implementation of the Indonesian government's economic policy program to make improvements, such as improving infrastructure quality, human resources and land redistribution. With the strengthening of the value of the Rupiah against the US dollar, Indonesia's economic system becomes very stable; prices of basic commodities could be reached by all people. And hopefully, the increasing value of Rupiah will show promising signs for Indonesia's progress.

30
November

 

The deterioration of relations between Russia and Ukraine continues. Some countries have even begun to interfere in the escalation of the tension. Two of them are the United States of America and Germany. Both President of the United States, Donald Trump and German Chancellor, Angela Merkel through their statements seemed to give support to Ukraine. President Donald Trump, for example, announced on Thursday (29/11) the cancellation of his planned meeting with Russian President, Vladimir Putin at the G-20 forum in Argentina. Initially, President Donald Trump was scheduled to meet Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the G-20 Summit in Argentina from November 30 - December 1, 2018. President Donald Trump remarked that the cancellation of the meeting with President Vladimir Putin was to encourage both Russia and Ukraine to find the best way to resolve the rising tension. Since last Sunday, Russia has not released 3 Ukrainian ships and 24 personnel detained. Regarding the Ukraine and Russia conflict, German Chancellor Angela Merkel clearly blamed Russia. Unlike President Trump who canceled the meeting with President Putin, Angela Merkel felt the need to meet President Putin to discuss the matter. Angela Merkel plans to meet Putin this Friday or Saturday on the sidelines of the G-20 Summit in Argentine capital, Buenos Aires.

Previously, German Chancellor Angela Merkel had met Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman and discussed the conflict between Ukraine and Russia. German Chancellor Angela Merkel views that the tension cannot be ended with a military solution. Merkel's statement was a reaction to the request of the President of Ukraine that NATO should send its fleet to the disputed location.

Regarding the conflict that occurred due to the detention of 3 Ukrainian ships, President Vladimir Putin stated that the incident was engineered by Ukraine. President Putin said that sea clashes between the Ukrainian and Russian navies were provocations from Ukraine. This was engineered by Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko to boost his popularity ahead of the presidential election in March 2019.

To be sure, until the G-20 event begins, the issue of Russia and Ukraine is still heating. The conflict and tension become one of the issues of leaders of major countries, such as the United States and Germany. The President of Russia and the Prime Minister of Ukraine have been the subject of new attention in G-20.

The world certainly does not expect that the conflict between the two countries that were part of the Soviet Union explodes into an open war. Because, war is not the best solution to a problem between the two countries.

28
November

After a large demonstration protesting  the increase in fuel prices in France on November 24-25, the situation in  major cities in France, especially Paris has now  become under control. French President Emmanuel Macron  has ordered to crack down on anyone who causes and provokes  riots that cause damage and casualties. In his speech related to the transition after the riots in Paris, Tuesday 27 November, President Emmanuel Macron said that the the government   must listen to what happens in society but must not forget the responsibility for what happens to the environment for future generations. The policy of increasing fuel prices aims to protect both parties, namely, the community and the environment. Meanwhile, French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire and representatives of the Ministry of Economy held a meeting with retail traders, craftsmen, chambers of commerce, and the biggest union of French employees MEDEF to find out the economic situation, the impact on sales on  the French economy and the consequences that must be known. The demonstration was pioneered by "Yellow Jacket Group". The jacket worn by officers to handle motorcycle accidents on the road. Protesters were driven by motorists who protested the increase in diesel prices, which were widely used by motorbike users. Starting on Saturday 17 November, thousands of people staged action in various ways in the capital city of Paris and cities throughout France. The peak of the demonstration was riots on Saturday Sunday 24-25 November where more than 8,000 demonstrators gathered and carried out acts of violence and arson. The Paris security forces finally succeeded in reducing the action and received praise from the President and security stakeholders. Indeed the policy of raising the price of fuel oil is to encourage citizens to switch to cleaner transportation facilities. Apart from the high tax increase for crude oil and the carbon tax set by the previous Government, it was intended to encourage the use and utilization of renewable energy. The French government plans to reduce dependence on fossil fuels, with the aim of fossil energy consumption of 40 percent by 2030 and the ultimate goal of achieving zero-emissions. Sitting together with opponents of the Government policy is a wise step to avoid unwanted situation  in the future. However the aim of saving humanity by reducing emissions and pollution must remain a priority. Because the situation in France can occur in any country in the world.

26
November

Being a teacher is not just a profession. It is a call of the heart in carrying out the mandate. Because the teacher is a role model for the community. In Javanese jargon -‘digugu’,  this means that words of teacher must be followed or emulated. A teacher is always followed. This means that his or her words must be role models. Therefore, a teacher must have strong authority and sufficient insight. Whatever he or she says will be considered true by both students and the surrounding community. The spirit and character of a teacher must be emulated. Being a teacher, especially nowadays has its own challenges. With the rapid development of information technology, teachers face students: Y or millennial generation born over the 1980s to 1997, and generation Z born after 1997, which refers to the internet generation. Today, schools are places of teaching and learning environments that bring together two different generations. They are teachers from Generation X, who were born between 1965 and 1980, and millennial students and Generation X, who were born in the internet era. This meeting between different generations, if not addressed carefully, will certainly create various misunderstandings. Many teachers have minimal ability in the field of technology. Their way of thinking is often considered to be less rapid in responding to the pace of information and technology development compared with their students who are familiar with technological developments. Such teachers will probably become boring ones. Even, they may hamper the growth of students' potential. Students in the millennial era are often accused of being spoiled, having low learning motivation, and spending too much time in front of television, computers or smartphones. They are claimed as a generation of being confused, unstable and inconsistent because they do not feel at home in one place for a long time. To overcome this, teachers or schools must be creative in finding a comfortable and interesting learning atmosphere. Millennial and X generation students are different from the previous generation who had to sit from morning to afternoon in the classrooms. As a generation that is familiar with the digital world, they have information in their hands through smart phones. This means that learning opportunities do not have to be in the classrooms. They can access information anywhere and anytime. What is needed from teachers is proportional supervision because they remain humans who need feedback, attention and appreciation from teachers and parents. The teachers also no longer always act as a 'boss' who gives orders that must be obeyed. Millennial students need caring teacher figures, love to discuss and provide guidance in two-way communication and do not give superior advice. Above all, teachers’ competence must be improved, especially in mastering information technology so that their knowledge increases. This will, of course, have an impact on improving the quality of education.

22
November

 

The existence of trees, including living things in this world is very important. This existence has contributed significantly to all other living things, especially to humans who consciously have to maintain and preserve it. Trees are the lungs of the earth and also play a major role in the chain of life on earth.

Trees are living things with extraordinary ability to carry out photosynthesis which can reduce the levels of CO2 in the air and produce O2 which is needed by humans and animals. However, trees are often forgotten and their presence is not appreciated because as fellow living creatures, there are actually interdependencies. Today, global warming is undeniably caused by industrial pollution and forest loss is caused by illegal logging so that oxygen is reduced in the earth.

The advantages of carbon dioxide (CO2) as a trigger for climate change can be caused by many factors. In one year, one hectare of mature trees can absorb the amount of CO2 produced or equivalent when driving a car as far as 26,000 miles. Trees also absorb odors and pollution gases, such as nitrogen oxides, ammonia, sulfur dioxide, and ozone and filter out the particulates that come out of the air by holding them in leaves and tree trunks. Instead, trees produce oxygen (O2) for the source of our life's breath. Within a year, about 1 hectare of trees can produce enough oxygen for 18 people.

World Tree Day, which falls on November 21, calls us to move and prevent the extinction of trees or plants on this earth. The Tree Day is raised to remind people of the importance of trees to the lives of other living beings, fight global warming, prevent natural disasters, and protect living things in the world. The commemoration of the World Tree Day is also to remember and honor the services of J. Sterling Morton, a nature lover from the United States. Morton was so persistent in campaigning for tree planting movements.

Seeing the importance of the role of trees in the life of living things in the world, the World Tree Day should be commemorated not only ina ceremonial ceremony, but also the existence of policy that emphasizes the expansion of green areas and strict regulations for environmental impact analysis in every infrastructure project and industrial project. What we have to remember is "If the trees go extinct, humans and animals are also threatened to go extinct".

That’s Commentary.

20
November

 

The government has just launched the 16th Economic Policy Package on relaxation of policies for economic resilience. In this package, there are three points that are renewed, namely expansion of facilities for reducing corporate income tax (tax holiday), relaxation of negative investment list (DNI) and optimizing utilization of export proceeds (DHE). Of the 16 sectors, there are now 18 industrial sectors that get tax incentives. What's special about this policy package? Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs, Darmin Nasution in his announcement at the Presidential Palace in Jakarta last Friday (11/16) explained that the policy is interconnected. He added that this policy is also connected with the Online Single Submission system –OSS. With this system, once investors meet the criteria, they can immediately get incentives.

 

The main objective of the policy is to improve current account deficit -CAD. Two weeks ago, Bank Indonesia -BI announced that CAD in the third quarter of 2018 had increased, namely US$ 8.8 billion dollars equivalent to 3.37 percent of Gross Domestic Product -GDP. This value is higher than the first quarter period which reached US$ 5.7 billion dollars. Minister Darmin Nasution believed that the CAD will not exceed 3 percent after the adoption of this new policy package.

 

Minister Darmin perceived that the 16th economic policy package is medium and long term. However, there are short-term elements to strengthen the self-confidence of fund owners. He acknowledged that the problem of the Current Transaction Deficit could not be completed in 1-2 quarters. For decades, the Current Transaction Deficit was indeed a deficit.

 

Businesspeople welcomed the new economic policy package. Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Roesan Perkasa Roeslani said that the government is regarded appropriate to take the right time to release the policy package in a bid to respond to current economic conditions.

 

By issuing a series of economic policy packages, the government is working hard to improve economic conditions amid global uncertainty and a trade war between two super-powerful countries: China and the United States. However, this positive effort must be accompanied by comprehensive implementation in the field. Cooperation is needed, especially with regions. Regional regulations may not hinder the realization of various central economic policies. In this case, good coordination is needed between the center and the region. If not, good policies will be ineffective and it will bring about distrust among investors.

 

That’s Commentary! 

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