Editorial (210)


The implementation of the National Examination for Junior High Level (SMP) or the equivalent is held simultaneously starting today, April 23 until April 26 in Indonesia with the total number of the participants nearly 4.3 million students. 63% of the participants follow the UN-based computer (UNBK) while the others still follow the exam by conventional way, namely by pencil and paper (UNKP). When asked how difficult is about the use of ‘HOTS’ model (Higher Order Thinking Skills) in the National Examination of Junior High School and the equivalent, Head of National Education Standards Agency (BSNP), Bambang Suryadi responded that the model has become the policy of the Ministry of Education and Culture to introduce the assessment with HOTS model that aims to train critical, creative, and analytical thinking skills among students so that they do not learn by memorizing patterns. This is in line with one of the goals of the 2013 Curriculum that does encourage the critical, creative, and analytical thinking skills. Minister of Education and Culture, Muhadjir Effendy said to Antara News Agency in Jakarta on Sunday (22/4) that about 10 to 15 % of the existing questions are related to HOTS model. The level of difficulty is adjusted to the ability of Junior High School students. Why does HOTS model seem difficult for the students? Secretary General of the Federation of Indonesian Teachers Union (FSGI), Heru Purnomo perceives that only some teachers apply HOTS in school learning. The approach of HOTS model is related to the 2013 curriculum. Meanwhile, most of the students who sit at IX class, attending the UN-based computer -UNBK still use Education Unit Level Curriculum -KTSP. In fact, any kinds of education models given in the national examination for Junior High School students or the equivalent levels will not be considered difficult, if the participating examinees have well prepared for the exam. Students’ great motivation to understand teaching materials at school, including support from parents, teachers, and the environment becomes very meaningful to be successful in the final exams, such as the National Exam, the School Exam or the Nationally Standardized Exam (USBN).


At least 60 people should lose their souls due to ignorance of the dangers of drinking methanol. This case occurs in some areas. Without having to wait for victims of new casualties fall, without having to wait for the results of further research, you should immediately stop the production of the drink. The loss of life of so many people should make us realize that the circulation of drinks made haphazardly like this endangers many people. Legally, alcoholic drinks can be circulated on a limited basis. This is possible because of the guests of foreign countries who come to Indonesia. But the unofficial circulating is booze.

The question is, why is this fake mixed alcohol and liquor still easily obtained in the middle of society?  Still need to revise or reinforce the existing rules? Or maybe even prohibit its citizens from consuming alcoholic beverages, as some countries do. One of the mechanisms of suppressing illegal production is by monitoring the upstream sector. Not everyone can buy methanol which is the source of alcohol in the production of oplosan, in quantities that allow for production.

Also required is a strong commitment from the Government and law enforcement officers to supervise and control the circulation of alcohol, especially alcohol oplosan. Commitment to complete eradication has been affirmed by the Police of the Republic of Indonesia. Deputy Chief of Police of the Republic of Indonesia, Commissioner General Safrudin, said that before May, oplosan liquor should no longer exist. The hope is certainly not limited to a statement.

Strict action, continuous supervision of the government and the authorities becomes one of the keys to the success of suppressing alcoholic circulation of bootleg liquors. The legal process must also produce legal decisions that really make deterrent actors, especially the peraciknya. No less important is the Commitment of the whole community. Religious leaders, community leaders, educators, parents determine how we, especially young gerasi this to be a generation away from alcoholic beverages, far from alcohol oplosan. For whatever reason, in terms of any presence of liquor let alone alcohol will have more negative impact.



The North and South Korean people are currently waiting for the outcome of their leaders’ meeting with President of the United States, Donald Trump to discuss the future of relations between the two countries on the Korean peninsula. After being separated for 65 years due to the civil war (1950-1953), it is likely that the people of both Koreas are longing for peace. President Donald Trump himself hopes that a high-level meeting between leaders of both Koreas and the United States will result in an agreement. He expressed his hope in Washington on Wednesday (April 18) after listening to his CIA Director, Mike Pompeo's report. Pompeo had specifically visited Pyongyang for 3 days until April 2nd, and met North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un.


Since few months ago, the idea of reconciliation process between South Korea and North Korea has seemed to face a dead lock. At that time, North Korea still conducted nuclear weapons test. It even launched ballistic missiles which were propagandized to be able to reach the American continent. Responding to Pyongyang's action, Donald Trump then threatened to attack North Korea. The psy-war between Washington and Pyongyang has finally subsided after signs of dialogue between North and South Korea emerged. The softening of North Korea's stance is marked by the acceptance of K-pop artist delegations visiting and performing in Pyongyang and getting the North Korean Leader's attention. Ahead of this summit, Kim Jong-un has met Chinese President, Xi Jinping during a state visit in Beijing, China.

Like the people of both Koreas, the international world also hopes that the summit of both Korean leaders with the United States can take place, and result in an agreement that will improve relations. For the people of both Koreas, the summit is certainly welcomed with great optimism. This will be the first to take place after the Korean peninsula was divided into North Korea and South Korea due to civil war. Whether the optimism and hope can be realized is still waiting for the results of the Korea-United States Summit. That hope is also very dependent on the attitude of North Korean leader, Kim Jon-un in particular in facing the demands of denuclearization. Besides, it also cannot be separated from how China as a major supporter of North Korea and the United States as supporter of South Korea have to address and view the future of the two countries on the Korean Peninsula, that were originally one.


Indonesia’s Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) on Monday, 16 Aprildisclosed  that the Indonesian Human Development Index (HDI) in 2017 reached 70.81 points or an increase of almost one percent compared to the previous year. When viewed from the trend side, there is increasing Human Development Index in Indonesia every year. By 2015, it was still below 70, in 2016 it increased to 70.18 and in  2017 to 70.81.

Head of BPS Suhariyanto said that Indonesia's Human Development Index (HDI) is currently included in the high category. However, there are still significant inequalitiessuch as  between Jakarta and Papua. The calculation of HDI is compiled using three dimensions, namely health as measured by life expectancy indicator. Then the knowledge or education,  measured by the expectations and the average length of schooling. The last  is  decent living dimension approached in accordance to  per capita expenditure.

Meanwhile, UNDP Country Program Director for Development - UNDP Indonesia, Christophe Bahuet (read: kristop baue) said the rise in Indonesia's HDI shows there has been a lot of progress. The next step towards high human development is the inclusion and reduction of gaps. Especially for remote provinces and between men and women.

For the Government, the BPS report on the rise in HDI is quite encouraging. Because it means that the policy of Nawacita (nine development program) has given a significant correlation. Even so, the Government's homework is still waiting, that is, accelerating the equality of development, especially in eastern Indonesia.

The Human Growth Index is closely linked to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2015. Indonesia itself supports it,  with Presidential regulations on the implementation of Sustainable Development in July 2017, which is closely linked to Indonesia's Development. Not only physical but also non-physical oriented, which will end up  on the Human Development Index.



After having been quite a long time Japan and China’s relationship have not been good due to territorial dispute issues, last Monday (April 16, 2018), Japan welcomes Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi 's visit to Tokyo with an invitation to have warm bilateral relations. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe conveyed his call amidst a vulnerable security situation in Northeast Asia due to North Korean missile threats. Abe wants cooperation with China to encourage the North Korean ruling regime to stop its nuclear program. The role of the PRC is expected to bring North Korea to the negotiating table with the United States and Japan. Some time ago, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un visited Beijing and met with President Xi Jin Ping. Instead Abe will meet President Trump to discuss the halt of China's nuclear-assisted program. In an effort unsupported by North Korea, Japan supports a trilateral meeting between Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, with Chinese Prime Minister Li Ke Qiang and South Korean President Moon Jae-in scheduled to be held in May. The positive signs on Korean peninsula issues are North and South Korea’s plans for bilateral meetings as well as meeting between Kim Jong Un and President Trump. China and Japan have good reason to agree to improve relations. In addition to security concerns in the region, it seems also due to the policy of the US President Donald Trump in the form of import tariff plans from China and Japan. Trump even requested that the two countries open up a wider market for US goods. Although not specifically talking about US policy plans, the meeting between Foreign Minister Wang Yi and Foreign Minister Taro Kono remained to discuss global economic changes. The Japanese Foreign Minister said that both countries are aware, if starting a trade war, can affect the prosperity of the global economy. Instead Wang said that Japan understands how to keep the rules of the game in the WTO. Both countries are taking measures to maintain a free trade system under the WTO and to build a more open economy together. Improving relations between China and Japan is certainly something positive. Both have a great influence because they are world economic power today.For Indonesia this becomes an opportunity and a challenge. It is opportunity because because improving relationships makes Indonesia free to build relationships with both countries. But it becomes a challenge because Indonesia's products become more difficult to enter the market as they have to compete with similar products from both countries. But more importantly, what is the common desire of all parties are creating peace in the East Asia region.



This week,  , Spring Meeting of IMF and World Bank Group will take place in Washington DC, the Unites States of America. This meeting is really a regular thing for IMF and WB, because it is held every year. But for Indonesia, this meeting is something special because it is related to the preparation of Indonesia to host the Annual Meeting of IMF and WB group in October. Indonesian team led by Coordinating Minister of Maritime Affairs, Luhut Binsar Panjaitan attended the meeting. In addition, Minister of Communication and Informatics, Rudiantara and Director General of Public Communication and Information at the Ministry of Communication and Informatics, Niken Widiastuti were also present at the meeting. The annual meeting of IMF and WB Group 2018 is very prestige for Indonesia. The place is in Nusa Dua, Bali and will be attended by about 15 thousand participants and supporters. Some time ago, Managing Director of IMF, Christine Lagarde came to Jakarta in a bid to carefully check Indonesia's preparations to hold the IMF-WB’s annual meeting. She appreciated all aspects that are very well prepared by the organizers in Indonesia. Besides, she also checked the area to be used for the IMF-WB’s annual meeting at Nusa Dua Convention Center in Bali. As we know, Indonesia is believed to host the implementation of the IMF-World Bank annual meeting in October 2018.This great event will be a moment of business and tourism promotion to delegate guests estimated to reach more than 15,000 people, consisting of finance ministers, governors of central banks, bankers, and CEOs from around the world. The current condition of Bali is also very safe. Mount Agung has stopped erupting. Everything has been prepared carefully by Indonesia, including security guarantees. Indonesia will implement extra-high security standards for the meeting in Bali. Currently, One of Indonesia’s best elite forces –the special force (Kopassus) is ready to safeguard unexpected happening in the next meeting of IMF-WB in Bali. In addition, there is also detachment of Jala Mangkara which is a special amphibious force. As for the National Police -Polri, Indonesia has a Special Detachment 88 Anti-Terror which is highly respected. Thus, it’s hoped that the participants who will participate in the annual meeting of IMF-World Bank 2018 can either attend the meeting or enjoy the beauty of Bali which well-known as the God’s Island. Bali is unique, interesting and sophisticate.



The Indonesia-Africa Forum –IAF was officially opened by Vice President, Jusuf Kalla in Nusa Dua, Bali on Tuesday (April 10, 2018). The two-day forum was the first held between Indonesia and 47 African countries.

Organized by the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the IAF was also supported by Ministry of Trade. The event was attended by 575 delegates from 47 African and the African Union , consisted of policymakers, state-owned enterprises -BUMN, and the private sectors.

The Indonesia-Africa Forum is a platform for governments and businesspeople of Indonesia and African countries to explore and enhance economic and trade cooperation. Besides promoting investment and technical cooperation, the IAF is in line with the efforts of the Ministry of Trade in applying diversification of export products to non-traditional markets, such as African countries.

Based on the records of the Ministry of Trade, the total trade between Indonesia and Africa in 2017 reached $8.85 billion dollars. This value increased by 15.49 percent compared to that of the previous year. The products exported to Africa include palm oil, textiles and textile products, paper, soap, and coffee.

On the first day of the Indonesia-Africa Forum, 10 economic cooperation agreements were signed with a trade value reaching over $586 million dollars. In addition, business plans were announced by 11 companies in Africa with potential trade worth about $1, 3 billion dollars. 

Until the second day, Indonesia-Africa Forum -IAF managed to increase the value of trade transactions about $500 million dollars. The total potential trade agreement for the two-day event amounts to $2.3 billion dollars.

Seeing the potential cooperation that can be developed between Indonesia and countries in Africa, it is natural that this event is expected to be held regularly. The Indonesia-Africa Forum is an effective place to explore the African market which is now a new promising one for Indonesian trade. However above all, there needs synergic cooperation among the stakeholders in boosting Indonesian trade in the African market.



People of Syria, still suffer from the prolonged war in the country. The hope that bombings in some parts of the country, with the provision of a ceasefire, has not yet materialized.

There was another bomb attack on Tiyas, one of Syria's air bases, said to be  used by Russia, an ally of the Syrian government. The Syrian government said the bomb attack, dropped by a jet fighter, was done by the United States. Another ally, Iran, also declared the attack was carried out by the United States. But Washington denied the allegations.

In a statement, the Iranian government said that the US attack was based on unfit reasons. Last week rumors circulated that the Syrian government has launched attacks using chemical substances.

As reported by Iran's official news agency IRNA, Foreign Ministry spokesman Bahram Qasemi said the United States and Western countries made allegations of chemical gas strikes, the reason for military action against Damascus. Bahram Qasemi confirmed that the allegations were untrue. Iran is a supporter of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad in a war against US-backed insurgents and their allies.

Countries supporting  opponents of Bashar Al Assad government condemned the use of chemical weapons in Douma, the base city  of the opposition. From Berlin, German government spokesman Steffen Seibert stated,  his government condemned the use of toxic gases. Germany insists that the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad is responsible for the attack.

The issue of chemical attack followed by air strikes on Syrian territory proves that the turmoil in Syria is still far from being  resolved. Hostilities in the country have involved several other foreign parties and become entangled. The result is a prolonged  war which has killed many civilians. In the end, it is the Syrian people that have to bear the consequences.


Today's young people seem to have very little interest to cultivate the field of agriculture, especially in planting rice. They seem to forget that rice is the staple food of Indonesian people in which geographical area and large food consumption would require thousands of young people who want to cultivate agriculture. The Desema Gema Institution has been established to provide excellent community resources in Agriculture and want to reduce people's dependency on chemical fertilizers. Trained youths can make their own fertilizers based on their local potential. They are prepared to be a generation of farmers now and then. Farming training for the youths is important to create a reproduction of agricultural human resources, which until now is still dominated by the senior, so the existence of the youths is rejuvenation of agricultural human resources.

The government of Indonesia has realized national food sovereignty and security. Thus, the matter of agriculture is the responsibility not only the Ministry of Agriculture, but also other related ministries such as Ministry of Sports and Youth, Ministry of Village, Development of Disadvantaged Area, and Transmigration, and Ministry of Manpower.

The organic program of young farmers based on local wisdom and established by the Ministry of Youth and Sports has produced positive results. On Saturday 7 April, there was first organic rice harvest in Kaligerman village, Karanggeneng sub-district, Lamongan regency, East Java. The rice produced is completely organic because the process of planting did not use any chemical fertilizers or insecticides at all.

The organic rice was successfully developed by a young farmer, Husni Mubarok in Lamongan, East Java, who has received special training of organic farming from Gema Desantara institution. He tried to use organic fertilizer in the form of Microbe 5 whose all ingredients are from nature, such as rice, soil of bamboo, brown sugar, banana stems, cow compost and others. Besides being good at health, another of the organic fertilizer use is being cheaper than the chemical fertilizers. Once the making of Microbe 5, it can be used up to four growing seasons. Economically, this is more profitable.

The government of Lamongan regency does support this program that can attract young people to cultivate farming in agriculture. The result was already proven during the first harvest of organic rice. This is stated by Secretary of  Youth and Sports of Lamongan regency, Bambang Didik Suparto. The program of young farmers at Youth and Sports  Ministry was held in 10 provinces throughout Indonesia, and the number of the participants reaches 1.000 young people.

Indonesia will face demographic bonus. Youth potential must be well managed. Otherwise, demographic bonus will be terrible for Indonesia. Organic program of young farmers is part of the farmer regeneration who can continue to serve the profession of being farmers. This program can be one of the most effective ways to make the country prosperous.


April 9 has always becomes an important day for the Indonesian Air Force -TNI AU. That is the day when the first President Soekarno in 1946 declared the establishment of the Air Force. The date is also celebrated as National Aviation Day. 

The establishment of the Air Force cannot be separated from the establishment of the People's Security Service -BKR on August 23rd, 1945. Later, on October 5, 1945, BKR changed into the People's Security Army -TKR. The then air force was named TKR Flight Bureau under Air Commodore, Soerjadi Soerjadarma as the first Air Force Chief of Staff.

On January 23, 1946, TKR was upgraded again to the Army of the Republic of Indonesia -TRI, as a continuation of the development of the Air Force. So on April 9, 1946, TRI Bureau of Flight was removed, and it was then replaced with the name of the Air Force of the Republic of Indonesia. Since then, April 9 has been celebrated as the birthday of the Indonesian Air Force -TNI AU. 

In addition to the short birth process of TNI AU about seven months since the independence of Indonesia, the main equipment of the weaponry system Alutsista) owned by the Air Force at that time was only used aircraft obtained from the loot of Japanese soldiers, such as Chureng, Nishikoreng, Guntei and Hayabusha. The number of aviators and technicians was very limited.

With the limited defense equipment owned at that time, the Air Force was able to inscribe gold ink in the history of Indonesian struggle. For the first time, a plane with a Red-and-White identity was flown by Air Commodore, Agustinus Adisutjipto on October 27, 1945.

The Air Force is now 72 years old. Although the condition of the main equipment of the weaponry system -Alutsista of the Air Force has not been in accordance with the need to support its operations, this does not de-motivate the spirit to guard and maintain the integrity of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia in accordance with the motto “Swa Bhuwana Paksa”or "The Wing of My Homeland". May the Indonesian Air Force always be the protector of the entire territory of Indonesian sovereignty and can elevate the dignity of the nation and build a glorious Indonesia in the air. Long live the Air Force!

Page 10 of 15