Editorial

Editorial (372)

11
December

 

Indonesia is a country that consists of more than 13,000 islands, 250 ethnicities and various kinds of cultures that are a source of national strength and potential. Thus, the 2018 Indonesian Culture Congress held on December 5-9 becomes very important for the influences of foreign cultures that enter without limits through various media. Moreover, the domestic political situation ahead of the 2019 Election currently tends to heat up and potentially lead to nation’s split. It takes thoughts and willingness to accept and respect differences, both related to the culture of the Indonesian nation and other nations.

At the closing of the 2018 Indonesian Culture Congress, last Sunday (9/12), President Joko Widodo emphasizedthe importance of the spirit of tolerance in interacting amid the complexity of today's culture. He argued that interaction in various matters, including word contestation and politics would result in utterances of jealousy and hatred if not accompanied by tolerance.Therefore, President Joko Widodo took for example that at present,Indonesia needs a stage of tolerant interaction.


Meanwhile, Director General of Culture at the Ministry of Education and Culture, Hilmar Farid said that facing other differences and influences, Indonesian people have to position culture as inclusive one. Because, the characteristics of inclusive culture are mutual learning, knowing each other, knowing each other's views, understanding each other, and empathizing. So, tolerance will arise from understanding, instead of doctrine.


The 2018 Indonesian Culture Congress is expected to be a significant event to work and produce various ideas for the progress of the Indonesian nation in the future. Naturally, the discussion of cultural strategies that have been going on for 10 years, often leads to delays due to various interests. Fortunately, there are points in the Cultural Strategic Agenda that have been successfully formulated at the 2018 Cultural Congress. These points are to provide space for the diversity of cultural expressions and encourage cultural interaction to strengthen the inclusive culture. This is expected to be a reference in handling and maintaining the sustainability of national culture.


Then, the results of the congress become recommendation to be immediately followed up by the government as the regulator of the Indonesian nation. However, the effectiveness of the Cultural Strategic Agenda does not have to depend on the government alone. The Indonesian people must love and feel proud as part of the Indonesian nation. Thus, all stakeholders have to maintain and respect each other and agree on the values of the diversity of the Indonesian nation in a culture.

14
December

With tireless efforts, Theresa May, the current British Prime Minister is trying to get the results of the referendum that sets Britain out of the European Union. There were two things that May did to immediately arrive at the end of this agreement. The first approached European leaders some time ago, until finally EU leaders agreed. Now Theresa May is approaching EU leaders again to revise the Brexit agreement. However, May found her efforts rejected. European Union leaders say the Brexit agreement cannot be renegotiated. 

The second is convincing his own party to support his steps in the Brexit issue. In this case, May faced difficulties. The British Prime Minister faces challenges from his own camp, the Conservative party. Actually this is a continuation of May's own decision to postpone voting / voting in Parliament because May felt the need to lobby European Union leaders first. May's leadership was shaken, because last Wednesday (December 12, 201), the Conservative parliamentarians had reached a quorum to carry out a motion of no confidence in May. The quorum was reached after at least 48 Conservative party MPs supported the motion. 

Why did May postpone voting? It seems that May feels that if the vote is carried out beforehand, the Brexit agreement will be rejected with a significant vote difference. Instead of getting support, the resignation of voting time even made May on the edge. Some figures have been included in the May replacement candidate queue; like Boris Johnson, Sajid Javid and Amber Rudd. 

After Thursday's voting, British Prime Minister Theresa May escaped a vote of no confidence with 200 votes in support of 117 opposing votes. Thus, at least May will still be the Prime Minister for the next year. May's task is to oversee the Brexit plenary session on March 29, 2019. After Brexit is finished, what else will Theresa May do? The world looks forward to what drama will happen in Britain after Brexit.

13
December

 

Every December 13, Indonesia commemorates Nusantara Day, the archipelago day. This commemoration is to commemorate the service offormer Prime Minister, Djoeanda Kartawidjaja who bravely declared on 13 December 1957 that the Indonesian sea was included in the surrounding sea, between and within the Indonesian archipelago to become a unitary state of the Republic of Indonesia -NKRI. Nusantara Day was officially stipulatedby the 5th President of the Republic of Indonesia, Megawati Soekarnoputri through Presidential Decree No.126 / 2001.

The present generation deserves to be grateful, because without the Djoeanda Declaration, Indonesia's sea territory only covers the sea three miles from the coastline that surrounds the islands in Indonesia. Thus, among the Indonesian islands there is a free international sea, which separates one island from another and this means a threat to the NKRI. In addition, without the Djoeanda Declaration, Indonesia's marine wealth potential is only around 1/3 of its current potential.

Chairperson of the Indonesian Farmers and Fishermen Movement, Prof. Rokhmin Dahuri said that Indonesia has a huge economic potential in the marine sector. If the economic potential of the marine sector is managed optimally, these economic potentials can reach US$1.2 trillion dollars per year and are estimated to be able to employ 40 million people.

Based on the theme of the Archipelago Day 2018 commemoration, "The Realization of the Whole Unity of the Archipelago through the Juanda Declaration", the commemoration of the Nusantara Day is very important for the present generation to unite the feeling of being Indonesian citizens, considering the threat of national disintegration and separatism is still a threat to the NKRI.

 In addition, the commemoration of the Archipelago Day is very important to remind all components of the Indonesian nation that maritime power is a source of Indonesian nation's strength. Indonesian sea not only unites, connects islands to islands, but also has a large source of wealth. Indonesia still has to work hard to enhance the economic potential of the marine sector so that it can become a source of people's welfare.

12
December

The ongoing demonstrations in Paris that   triggered riots have become a test point for the credibility and continuation of French President Emmanuel Macron administration. The protests, which took place every Saturday, ended with riots spreading into a movement to bring down President Macron. The action known as the mass action of the Yellow Vest last Saturday caused 92 people including police officers injured in the riots. It  was originally started by residents of the suburbs of Paris who protested the government's decision to increase the price of fuel oil and taxes. It then   turned into chaos. Middle class citizens who are worried about Macron's policies, joined in  and made a wave of demonstrations and demanded  Macron to step down. The pressure of the protesters caused Prime Minister Edouard Philippe meet up  with two representatives of the protesters. However, he  failed to stop the next demonstration which was followed by even more citizens of Paris and its surroundings. According to some  polls 72 percent citizens  support the Yellow Vest. However, 90 percent of  French people   rejected acts of violence. President Emanuel Macron has demanded legal responsibility of the demonstrators due to riots that occurred and caused damage. In fact, President Macron had succumbed to revoking his policy by delaying the fuel tax increase which resulted in rising fuel prices throughout France. Nevertheless the demonstration resumed with the demand for the resignation of Macron who has been in office for  for just 18 months. For the President of France who is the youngest head of state in French history, this wave of demonstrations is a test of his policy and continuity of government. Whether the demonstrations in France,  which are  the biggest and worst ever,  will be the trigger for a  political movement  that will determine the end of Macron's government, remain  to be seen. Macron's failure to overcome this political crisis will show whether the youngest President in the French history, will also be the shortest-serving President due to his policies which caused massive demonstrations or not.

12
December

 

The ongoing demonstrations in Paris that triggered riots have become a test poins for the credibility and continuation of French President Emmanuel Macron administration. The protests, which took place every Saturday, ended with riots spreading into a movement to bring down President Macron. The action known as the mass action of the Yellow Vest last Saturday caused 92 people including police officers injured in the riots.

It  was originally started by residents of the suburbs of Paris who protested the government's decision to increase the price of fuel oil and taxes. It then   turned into chaos. Middle class citizens who are worried about Macron's policies, joined in  and made a wave of demonstrations anddemanded  Macron to step down.

The pressure of the protesters caused Prime Minister Edouard Philippe meet up  with two representatives of the protesters. However, he  failed to stop the next demonstration which wasfollowed by even more citizens of Paris and its surroundingsAccording to some  polls 72 percent citizenssupport the Yellow Vest. However, 90 percent of  French people   rejected acts of violence. President Emanuel Macron has demanded legal responsibility of the demonstrators due to riots that occurred and caused damage.

In fact, President Macron had succumbed to revoking his policy by delaying the fuel tax increase which resulted in rising fuel prices throughout France. Nevertheless the demonstration resumed with the demand for the resignation of Macron whhas been in office for  for just 18 months. For the President of France who is the youngest head of state in French history, this wave of demonstrations is a test of his policy and continuity of government.

Whether the demonstrations in France,  which are  the biggest and worst ever,  will be the trigger for  political movement that will determine the end of Macron's government, remain  to be seen. Macron's failure to overcome this political crisis will show whether the youngest Presidentin the French history, will also be the shortest-serving President due to his policies which caused massive demonstrations or not.

07
December

 

The United Nations (UN) effort to end the civil war in Yemen has progressed. The conflicting parties, namely the Houthi rebels and the Yemeni Government are willing to attend the peace talks in Sweden. Scheduled to take place in the near future, the meeting will likely be implemented. This was marked by the good faith in the form of evacuating dozens of wounded Houthi rebels in the Yemeni capital. Evacuation efforts are reportedly carried out by the Saudi-led military coalition. This step, which is a step forward, gives hope of a change of attitude between the two conflicting  parties.

Previously, the UN's efforts to find a peaceful solution through the negotiating table  were planned to take place last September.  It  was canceledbecause at that time the Houthi rebels considered the UN had not fully guaranteed protection for  them.

The cancellation of the negotiations last September did not dampen the spirit of the United Nations in seeking a peaceful way. The world body continues to persuade the Houthi militant group to the negotiating table in Stockholm. The road to this direction shows hope when the Saudi-backed military coalition evacuates around 50 Houthis from the city of Sanaa. Along with that, the UN envoy for Yemen, Martin Griffith, was also present in Yemen to persuade the Houthi rebels to go to the negotiating table in Stockholm.

The arrival of the UN envoy in Yemen was also intended to pressure Saudi Arabia to reduce the blockade of the main Sanaa airport which has been controlled by Houthi militants a few years ago.

The international community hopes that the UN step to reconcile the two conflicting parties in Yemen has been realized. Efforts to bring together rival countrymen at the negotiating table are expected to be the first step towards peace. However, it will still depend on two countries known to have interfered in the conflict in Yemen. Namely, Saudi Arabia which  is supporting the government, and Iran which  is behind the strength of the Houthi rebels. The wil of the two countries shall  determine whether the conflict in Yemen can be stopped or not. So that people in that country can enjoy peace and harmony again .

That was commentary

11
December

 


Indonesia is a country that consists of more than 13,000 islands, 250 ethnicities and various kinds of cultures that are a source of national strength and potential. 
Thus, the 2018 Indonesian Culture Congress held on December 5-9 becomes very important for the influences of foreign cultures that enter without limits through various media. Moreover, the domestic political situation ahead of the 2019 Election currently tends to heat up and potentially lead to nation’s split. It takes thoughts and willingness to accept and respect differences, both related to the culture of the Indonesian nation and other nations.


 At the closing of the 2018 Indonesian Culture Congress, 
last Sunday (9/12), President Joko Widodo emphasized the importance of the spirit of tolerance in interacting amid the complexity of today's culture. He argued that interaction in various matters, including word contestation and politics would result in utterances of jealousy and hatred if not accompanied by tolerance.Therefore, President Joko Widodo took for examplethat at present, Indonesia needs a stage of tolerant interaction.


Meanwhile, Director General of Culture
 at the Ministry of Education and Culture, Hilmar Farid said that facing other differences and influences,Indonesian people have to position culture as inclusive one. Because, the characteristics of inclusive culture are mutual learning, knowing each other, knowing each other's views, understanding each other, and empathizing. So, tolerance will arise from understanding, instead of doctrine.


The 2018 Indonesian Culture Congress is expected to be a 
significant event to work and produce various ideas for the progress of the Indonesian nation in the future. Naturally, the discussion of cultural strategies that have been going on for 10 years, often leads to delays due to various interests. Fortunately, there are points in the Cultural Strategic Agenda that have been successfully formulated at the 2018 Cultural Congress. These points are to provide space for the diversity of cultural expressions and encourage cultural interaction to strengthen the inclusive culture. This is expected to be a reference in handling and maintaining the sustainability of national culture.


The
n, the results of the congress become recommendation to be immediately followed up by the government as the regulator of the Indonesiannation. However, the effectiveness of the Cultural Strategic Agenda does not have to depend on the government alone. The Indonesian people must love and feel proud as part of the Indonesian nation. Thus, all stakeholders have to maintain and respect each other and agree on the values of the diversity of the Indonesian nation in a culture.

10
December

Human Rights –HAM are the rights that have been owned by someone since he was still in the womb. Human rights are basic rights inherent in human beings and are universal. Thus, human rights must be protected, respected and maintained and should not be confiscated by anyone. Some examples are the rights to life, religion and belief. Human rights are so essential so that every December 10th is commemorated as the World Human Rights Day. The date was chosen because the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10th, 1948. Indeed, human rights are owned by every human being regardless of ethnicity, race, color, and religion. Even so, human rights violations still occur frequently, both internationally and locally in many countries. Human rights violations are forced actions to take away others’ rights. Indonesia has already recognized the existence of human rights long before the United Nations -UN adopted and promoted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10, 1948. This was stated in the first paragraph of the Opening of the 1945 Indonesian Constitution which states "That independence is actually the rights of all nations and therefore, occupation of the world must be abolished because it is not in accordance with humanity and justice." Although human rights are recognized and upheld, cases of human rights violations have still occurred in Indonesia. This usually occurs because it is triggered by inter-racial, ethnic or religious conflicts. In addition, human rights violations can occur due to separatist movements that attack the country's military apparatus as well as civilians. An example of an international human rights case which is widely discussed is the violence against Rohingya in Myanmar and Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories that have been going on since 1967. For both cases of human rights violations, Indonesia strongly opposes and supports efforts to resolve them. Human rights violations can happen to anyone and anywhere. It takes awareness and support of all stakeholders in upholding human rights so that citizens' rights can be guaranteed. Happy World Human Rights Day!

06
December

Bali Democracy Forum

Written by
Published in Editorial

 

Today and tomorrow, December 6 and 7, ten ministers and a head of state (from Nauru), will attend the Bali Democracy Forum- BDF 2018. This year the annual event, held  by the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, enters its 11th year.

The years 2017 and 2018 are special because Indonesia managed to open two BDF Chapters, one for Africa in Tunisia and one for Europe in Berlin, Germany. These two Chapters or branches were formed because of the interest of countries in Africa and Europe in the dialogue surrounding the challenges of contemporary democracy which have apparently increased. However, the type of problem handling cannot be the same because each continent has a different history of problems.

Europe for example, discussed the challenges of contemporary migration and how democratic values can prioritize humanity and human rights although political and social costs cannot be fully predicted. While in  Africa, the issue is fair governance.

This year the Bali Democracy Forum is themed, "Democracy and Welfare." Most countries in the world consider democracy to be the best system of hope. How do democratic countries achieve prosperity? Maybe that will be discussed by participants in the Bali Democracy Forum in two days.

Indeed,  the purpose a country is established is for the welfare of its people. In the Democratic system the state is managed with inclusive participation from the community. In this case the democratic system must also be able to answer aspects of the state's goals, namely welfare.

Every democratic country has its own experience in developing democracy. Democracy grows and develops in each country in a different way. Therefore, there is actually no similar democracy formula that can be applied in all countries.

For eleven years Indonesia has been successfully  organized the forum for democracy. Not to patronize other countries on  how to practice  democracy, but to provide opportunities for various countries to share democratic experiences. Hopefully the Bali Democracy Forum 2018 will also be a  success.

06
December

Bali Democracy Forum

Written by
Published in Editorial

 

Today and tomorrow, December 6 and 7, ten ministers and a head of state (from Nauru), will attend the Bali Democracy Forum- BDF 2018. This year the annual event, held  by the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, enters its 11th year.

The years 2017 and 2018 are special because Indonesia managed to open two BDF Chapters, one for Africa in Tunisia and one for Europe in Berlin, Germany. These two Chapters or branches were formed because of the interest of countries in Africa and Europe in the dialogue surrounding the challenges of contemporary democracy which have apparently increased. However, the type of problem handling cannot be the same because each continent has a different history of problems.

Europe for example, discussed the challenges of contemporary migration and how democratic values can prioritize humanity and human rights although political and social costs cannot be fully predicted. While in  Africa, the issue is fair governance.

This year the Bali Democracy Forum is themed, "Democracy and Welfare." Most countries in the world consider democracy to be the best system of hope. How do democratic countries achieve prosperity? Maybe that will be discussed by participants in the Bali Democracy Forum in two days.

Indeed,  the purpose a country is established is for the welfare of its people. In the Democratic system the state is managed with inclusive participation from the community. In this case the democratic system must also be able to answer aspects of the state's goals, namely welfare.

Every democratic country has its own experience in developing democracy. Democracy grows and develops in each country in a different way. Therefore, there is actually no similar democracy formula that can be applied in all countries.

For eleven years Indonesia has been successfully  organized the forum for democracy. Not to patronize other countries on  how to practice  democracy, but to provide opportunities for various countries to share democratic experiences. Hopefully the Bali Democracy Forum 2018 will also be a  success.

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