Editorial

Editorial (229)

27
September

 

The commemoration of World Tourism Day which has taken  place on every 27th September since 1980 can be a significant momentum for Indonesian people in developing tourism potential spread throughout Indonesia from Sabang to Merauke and from Miangas to Rote Island by applying the principles of tourism development. Indonesian nature which has natural potential, flora and fauna, and a fairly sustainable environment is the main capital that can be utilized sustainably.

Improved awareness of various parties on the environment and issues concerning environmentally sound development has contributed to the view of the importance of sustainable tourism principles. Tourism development and environmental management have two major points: mutually complement and attract tourists. Precisely, we can say that the more sustainable the environment is, the more prosperous the people are. With good-quality tourism management and development, Marine Tourism, Environmental Tourism, Eco Tourism, Exploration, Adventure, Cultural Heritage, Religion & Pilgrimage Tours, Art & Culinary Tourism, Urban & Rural Tourism, Sports tourism can certainly attract more foreign tourists to come to visit Indonesia.

In regard to the world of tourism, Minister of Tourism, Arief Yahya targets  that in 2019, 20 million foreign tourists will visit Indonesia. Until now, Bali is still a favorite destination for foreign tourists visiting Indonesia. There are 10 tourist destinations in Indonesia that are set to be a priority known as 10 New Bali. The ten destinations are Lake Toba in North Sumatra), Belitung Island in Bangka Belitung, Tanjung Lesung in Banten, Seribu Islands in Jakarta, Borobudur Temple in Central Java, Mount Bromo in East Java, Lombok Mandalika in West Nusa Tenggara, Komodo Island in East Nusa Tenggara, Wakatobi National Park in Southeast Sulawesi, and Morotai in North Maluku. Of the ten destinations, four destinations will be the main projects to be developed. They are Mandalika, Lake Toba, Borobudur, and Labuan Bajo Island of Komodo. The government is now building various supporting infrastructure and facilities such as roads and hotels to implement the program.

We hope that the World Tourism Day commemoration can be a better momentum to improve understanding of the importance of sustainable tourism development. In addition, the country's foreign exchange will increased with the arrival of foreign tourists to Indonesia. In 2018 at least, the tourism sector is expected to contribute US$17 billion dollars. The following year, it will be US$20 billion dollars. All can only be realized if it is supported by a conducive security in all tourist destinations, including in the 10 new destinations that have been attempted.

25
September

 

Today at local time in New York, United Nations Organization commences 2018 General Assembly. About 200 high-level representatives of members of the world body are present and they take turns to express their views in the general debate in a bid to discuss various international issues. Of the most important events in the world, we can say that the public debate in this year's general assembly will cover at least five main issues. The five points that become the main agenda seem to be the Rohingya problem, the Civil War in Syria, Iran and the actions of the American and its allies, North Korea and of course the Palestinian Issues.

Discussions about Myanmar and Rohingya correlate with the statement of the fact-finding body of the UN human rights body which says that the Rohingya military is fully responsible for the mass murder of the ethnic Muslim group, Rohingya in Rakhine state. The issue of Syria will be also a debate because until now, the war is still raging, even refugees continue to be a problem in a number of countries. The intervention of other countries, including the United States, Russia, Iran and Saudi Arabia is predicted to make the debate warm, and can even address the issue of the humanitarian tragedy of the Syrian people. As for the Palestinian issue, the talks will remain warm. We hope the debate will create solutions that benefit the Palestinians. Regarding the issue of Iran, Tehran in the UN General Assembly may get fresh air because European countries disagree with the United States which insists imposing sanctions on Tehran. The debate about Iran might get different perspectives. The fifth crucial issue that will emerge in the UN General Assembly is, of course the issue between South and North Koreas. The last reconciliation process of both countries is marked by the visit of the President of South Korea, Moon Jae-in to North Korea.

Of the five crucial issues that we expect to be the main items of debate, Indonesia will certainly express its position. Vice President Yusuf Kalla, who leads the Indonesian delegation, will convey Indonesia's attitudes and views on this crucial issue. Speaking to the World Peace Summit to commemorate Nelson Mandela's 100th anniversary the day before the General Assembly, VP Jusuf Kalla called for the importance of reconciliation and justice dialogue to build the world peace. This appeal certainly needs to be reaffirmed through a speech before the UN General Assembly. Indonesia's experience in realizing peace in Aceh, improving good relations among religions and maintaining the quality of democracy, becomes a good trust when Indonesia is present before the highest leaders of UN member states.

26
September

The United States and Iran are still in conflict. The United Nations General Assembly this year which began Tuesday was one of the signs of the two countries' conflict. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has stated that he will not hold a meeting with Donald Trump during the General Assembly. Iran also remains in a position to oppose the United States' initiative to continue the boycott. Iran may feel that the refusal of some European Union countries on the continuation of sanctions to him, is one of the reason in its resistance to the United States. In the meantime, the United States will continue to carry out Donald Trump's policy of hostile to Iran. There was news that Washington would force Tehran to negotiate. A government source in Washington said that the United States Government would use the same method as it did to North Korea. The United States argues that Washington has succeeded in forcing Pyongyang to end nuclear disarmament. Also under pressure from the United States, the reconciliation process took place, marked by the visit of the President of South Korea to North Korea. The coercive actions on Iran have been seen from the announcement of the US sanctions for the automotive sector, gold trading, precious metals and several other commodities. Donald Trump has also announced its withdrawal from the nuclear agreement agreed upon in the Barack Obama era. Pressure on Iran is no longer because of the nuclear production, but the United States accuses the Tehran government of interfering in the Middle East conflict especially in Syria and Yemen. The ongoing 2018 UN General Assembly will raise the issue of two crucial issues, namely the conflict in Syria and the position of Iran. From the statements of the United States and Iran and the countries that are allied with it, it will be known where the Syrian conflict and the Iranian issue will be directed. Is it true that eventually Iran will obey to the pressure of the United States and finally be treated like North Korea, we are still waiting for further developments.

24
September

Democratic Party in Indonesia, the 2019 Presidential and Legislative Elections has entered the campaign stage. The campaign period starts on 23rd September 2018 to 13th April 2019. This stage is marked by the Declaration of the Peaceful Campaign of 2019 Elections which was read by Chairman of the General Election Commission –KPU, Arief Budiman along with the presidential and vice presidential candidates, and the political party leaders participating in the 2019 Elections at Monas in Central Jakarta on Sunday morning (9/23). The peaceful campaign of 2019 elections began with a carnival of political parties participating in the elections. Chairmen, administrators and supporters of the political parties appeared with traditional clothing from various regions in Indonesia, remembering that the diversity that exists in Indonesia is not a messy one, but a unity. The declaration of the peaceful campaign of 2019 Elections was also marked by releasing some doves as a symbol of hope that the 2019 elections will be peaceful and safe. The theme of the peaceful campaign of 2019 Elections is "Anti-Sara and Anti Hoax Campaign to Make Sovereign Voters for a Strong Country." Why is the anti-crime and anti-hoax issue highlighted in the theme? Experience does teach; these two issues are very easy to ignite one’s emotion. Moreover, their emotion becomes fanatical supporters of the presidential and vice presidential candidates. The problems of ethnicity, religion, race and group are frequently used by some parties to provoke certain people or groups. As more and more internet users in Indonesia, the possibility of the spread of false news or hoax is also getting bigger. At least, currently in Indonesia, internet users have reached more than 143 million. The number allows information, whether true or not and bad or good, to be immediately spread throughout Indonesia in seconds. Strong determination declared by the organizers, political parties participating in the 2019 elections and presidential and vice presidential candidates to realize a strong state is contained in the declaration of the peaceful campaign of 2019 elections. Indonesia is determined to realize elections that are general, free, secret, honest and fair by conducting the election campaigns that are safe, orderly, and peaceful, with integrity, without hoaxes, politicization of ethnicity, religion, race and group -SARA, and money politics based on the available regulations and laws. To realize the 2019 elections that are free of SARA and hoax issues needs full commitment from various stakeholders. The campaign teams of the political parties and presidential and vice presidential candidates must be committed to taking firm action if there are supporters who disseminate hoax campaigns. The police should indiscriminately give legal sanctions to hoax spreaders. Patrols in the cyber world must also be strengthened. But the most important point is that prospective voters must be wiser in responding to the dissemination of information. Being wiser for the prospective voters to receive, filter and disseminate information is the key to the realization of the peaceful campaign of the 2019 elections without hoax and the issue of SARA. Hopefully, Indonesian people are certainly expecting that the peaceful campaign of 2019 elections can be carried out until the voting day. Peaceful and safe elections will prove to the world that in Indonesian democracy is able to realize and maintain peace.

19
September

Although not the first South Korean president to step on Pyongyang, upon arrival in the North Korean capital yesterday (September 18, 2018), President Moon Jae-in received a warm  handshake and a hug from North Korean Leader Kim Jong Un. Thousands eyes watched the event. The  meeting in Pyongyang became the third between the two  after those  in April and May this year. In his remarks, Kim Jong-un expressed his gratitude because Moon had agreed to facilitate his meeting with US President Donald Trump in Singapore last June. But unfortunately, President Donald Trump's plan to come to Pyongyang is still not implemented. The US sees no significant progress in the denuclearization process in North Korea. To accelerate this process, US President Donald Trump asked President Moon to become a negotiator for both parties. Denuclearization of North Korea is actually not only the demand of the United States but also the desire of South Korea. The first meeting in Pyongyang was indeed wanted by Kim Jong-un. The North Korean leader said that he was waiting for this moment. Meanwhile, President Moon was very impressed by the welcome prepared by Kim Jong-un. Before his departure to Pyongyang, on his social media account, President Moon hoped that this meeting was not just a temporary change but a permanent peace. However, there are some  who doubt whether it has resulted in progress in the peace process on the Korean peninsula. Many parties expect this meeting to provide an opportunity for better change. That is, with North Korea accelerating the denuclearization of its country, which is a condition of peace on the peninsula. On the other hand, the  United States should keep its promises, if later North Korea really carries out  the process. So that the hope of all parties to witness the peaceful and unified Korean peninsula is  not just a dream.

13
September

On Wednesday, 12 September 2018, in Tangerang, Banten, based on the Extraordinary General Meeting of Shareholders, I Gusti Ngurah Askhara Danadiputra or Ari Askhara officially served as President Director of PT Garuda Indonesia, replacing Pahala N Mansury.

Throughout 2017, PT Garuda Indonesia suffered a loss worth US$213.4 million dollars, equivalent to Rp2.88 trillion. In 2016, Garuda managed to record a net profit worth US$9.4 million or around Rp126.9 billion. The losses during 2017 were due to increased spending by 13%, from US$3.7 billion to 4.25 billion dollars, mainly due to an increase in fuel costs by 25% from US$924 million to 1.15 billion dollars.

Ari Askhara has a target to reduce PT Garuda Indonesia's losses to less than US$ 100 million at the end of 2018 by closing the operating costs leakage gap, optimizing favorite routes, opening good economic value routes and improving employee performance. From 2013 to 2018, Askhara was a director of a number of companies, such as Director of Finance and Garuda Risk, and lastly in 2018, he served as President Director of PT Pelindo III.

Askhara will involve all employees and regulators in achieving the target. Part of his experience at Pelindo III will be applied on Garuda. One of them is the transformation of human capital. Because Garuda Indonesia is engaged in the service sector, employees’ happiness is very important so that service to passengers increases. Furthermore, he will attempt to increase revenue by creating new routes at several points of foreign tourist sources, and optimizing the old domestic routes compared to international ones.

To reduce operating costs and prevent inefficiency, there will be renegotiation of incoming aircraft leases, especially for narrow body and wide body existing flights in a bid to extend the lease period. So, the monthly rental fee will decrease by 10-20%.

Amid Rupiah’s worsening conditions and rising oil prices, the next step to be taken is redefining cost structure, changing and improving operational costs.

Along with other directors, such as Commercial Director -Pikri Ilham Kurniansyah, Director of Cargo and Business Development -M Iqbal, Operations Director Bambang -Adi Surya, Director of Finance and Risk Management -Fuad Rizal, HR Director -Heri Akhyat, Technical Director -I Wayan Susena and Service Director - Nicodemus P Lampe, Ari Askhara with the support of shareholders will try to realize the achievement of the target to reduce PT Garuda Indonesia's losses to below US$ 100 million by the end of 2018.

With the experience of leading various divisions in various companies along with the management of the new Garuda Indonesia, Ari Askhara's strong commitment is expected to become a reality, instead of writing on paper, with the support of various parties.

That’s Commentary!

11
September

Today, September 11th. 2018, Radio Republik Indonesia –RRI commemorates its 73rd anniversary. Since its existence, RRI has provided huge valuable contribution both in supporting the independence process, and filling the independence until today.

Then, the question is how does RRI keep up with current media developments that are required to more quickly disseminate information and reach more audiences with broadcast content that the community really needs?

To answer the question, Radio Republik Indonesia has 97 broadcasting stations consisting of 1 unit of A type, 30 units of B type, 34 units of C type, News Centre and Overseas Broadcast -Voice of Indonesia and 32 existing Production Studios.

As Information Safety Belt, during 2009 – 2010, RRI had established studios in border areas and remote areas, including in Entikong, Batam, Nunukan, Putusibaou, Malinau, Atambua, Ampana, Boven Digoel, Kaimana, Skow, Oksibil, Takengon, Sabang and Sampang. Broadcasts through these production studios are intended to enhance a sense of nationalism and provide balanced access to information for people in the border areas as well as in areas that previously could not receive RRI or blank-spot broadcasts.

In addition, RRI broadcasts can also be enjoyed via streaming or the internet. Even in 2018, RRI can be followed through RRINET, a visualized radio program where audiences can either listen or view broadcast content like a television broadcast.

Innovations in equipment and broadcast content as well as the development of human resource capabilities are a necessity in the times of development. What RRI is doing right now, especially for broadcast equipment and content is on the right track. But the existence of human resources, especially civil servants who are now getting fewer and fewer needs more serious attention. Regeneration and additional employees according to needs should also be a main priority.

Happy 73rd anniversary of Radio Republic Indonesia! Once On the Air, Forever On the Air!

17
September

The democratic activity of the 2019 General Election is in sight. In total, there are 16 national political parties, plus 4 local political parties in Aceh, that are the participants in the 2019 Election. This number increases from 2014 Legislative Elections of 12 national political parties and 3 local political parties. As for the pair of presidential candidates and vice presidential candidate, it will be stipulated on September 20, 2018, concurrently with the determination of legislative candidates of the House of Representatives -DPR, Regional Representatives Council (DPRD), and Regional Representative Council -DPD. The 2019 elections will take place simultaneously, namely the Legislative Election and the Election of the President and Vice President is held on the same date, 17 April 2019. General Election Commission -KPU as organizer of the elections in Indonesia has prepared the stages that must be passed by both candidates’ legislative members, presidential and vice presidential candidates. These stages include registration of political parties, legislative candidates, pairs of presidential and vice presidential candidates up to the stage of the campaign and election. Of all the stages, one of the most anticipated by the participants of the elections and voters is the stages of the campaign that will start on 23rd of September 2018. At this stage, the election participants, both legislative candidates and pairs of presidential and vice presidential candidates are to compete to promote its programs to be selected in the 2019 Election. In the campaign, both election participants and supporters are not uncommon use unhealthy methods such as carrying out campaigns black which aims to bring down its political opponents. That matter carried out in various ways, either through direct campaigns or through communication media such as mass media and social media. To avoid this, various stakeholders held the declaration of peaceful elections in various cities in Indonesia. One of them was held at the Proclamation Monument, Menteng, Central Jakarta on Sunday 16 September 2018. The declaration initiated by the Community Alliance Indonesia for this peaceful election is expected to inspire other regions to hold activities that sound peaceful elections. This declaration encourages election participants both legislative candidates and presidential and vice presidential candidates to avoid unethical ways to win the elections. Supporters and voters of the presidential candidate should not attack each other and expose black campaign, because it will only split the nation's unity. Indeed, the elections are held to choose a better future leader who can bring Indonesia to brighter future.

14
September

Asian Economic Forums

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Published in Editorial

Two international economic forums have just been held almost at the same time. The first one is the Eastern Economic Forum -EEF with Russian sponsor, which was held on Tuesday 11 September 2018 in Vladivostok, Russia. Another one is the World Economic Forum -WEF on ASEAN held in Hanoi, Vietnam 12 September 2018. Although held almost at the same time, the two forums did not necessarily address the same issue. The World Economic Forum on ASEAN themed "ASEAN 4.0: Entrepreneurship and the Fourth Industrial Revolution". Whereas, the Eastern Economic Forum -EEF held in Vladivostok became an antithesis of US policy towards China and Russia. The WEF Forum in Hanoi is a good opportunity for ASEAN member countries to develop partnerships with partners and attract the attention and investment of international companies. Another thing to be achieved is access to new ideas and trends that occur in the region and in the world. On the contrary, the EEF emphasized integration to overcome the economic pressures imposed by the United States on China and Russia. Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jin Ping agreed to increase trade by using their own currencies rather than the US dollar.  Russia has been carrying out this Forum since 2015 to bring Russia's Eastern region closer to the rapidly growing East Asia. Russia needs to seek new opportunities, after the sanctions imposed by the US and European Union since Russia's occupation of the Crimean peninsula in Ukraine in 2014. Chinese President Xi Jin Ping was present for the first time at this Eastern Economic Forum. In addition to economic relations, China and Russia were also involved in joint military exercises at almost the same time. The implementation of these two forums is an indication that Southeast and East Asia have become the driving force of the world economy. The dynamics of development in the region should be maintained to reduce the level of conflict; like on the Korean peninsula, Japan's relations with Russia over the islands in northern Japan, China's trade war with the USA. This is all a challenge for Asian countries to cooperate. If the growth in Asia stagnates, this will affect the growth of the world economy.

14
September

Asian Economic Forums

Written by
Published in Editorial

Two international economic forums have just been held almost at the same time. The first forum is the Eastern Economic Forum -EEF with Russian sponsor, which was held on Tuesday 11 September 2018 in Vladivostok, Russia. Another forum is the World Economic Forum -WEF on ASEAN held in Hanoi, Vietnam 12 September 2018.

Although held almost at the same time, the two forums did not necessarily address the same issue. The World Economic Forum on ASEAN themed "ASEAN 4.0: Entrepreneurship and the Fourth Industrial Revolution". Whereas, the Eastern Economic Forum -EEF held in Vladivostok became an antithesis of US policy towards China and Russia.

The WEF Forum in Hanoi is a good opportunity for ASEAN member countries to develop partnerships with partners and attract the attention and investment of international companies. Another thing to be achieved is access to new ideas and trends that occur in the region and in the world.

On the contrary, the EEF emphasized integration to overcome the economic pressures imposed by the United States on China and Russia. Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jin Ping agreed to increase trade by using their own currencies rather than the US dollar.

 Russia has been carrying out this Forum since 2015 to bring Russia's Eastern region closer to the rapidly growing East Asia. Russia needs to seek new opportunities, after the sanctions imposed by the US and European Union since Russia's occupation of the Crimean peninsula in Ukraine in 2014.

Chinese President Xi Jin Ping was present for the first time at this Eastern Economic Forum. In addition to economic relations, China and Russia were also involved in joint military exercises at almost the same time.

The implementation of these two forums is an indication that Southeast and East Asia have become the driving force of the world economy. The dynamics of development in the region should be maintained to reduce the level of conflict; like on the Korean peninsula, Japan's relations with Russia over the islands in northern Japan, China's trade war with the USA.

This is all a challenge for Asian countries to cooperate. If the growth in Asia stagnates, this will affect the growth of the world economy.

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