Editorial

Editorial (163)

02
May

Bogor, again became a city that marked the beginning of important dialogue between nations. If there had been a dialogue between the disputing parties in Cambodia, it was not the opposite party that met in Bogor but the parties who wanted a relationship that brought peace among the Muslims. Various scholars from various countries gathered since yesterday in Bogor to discuss steps to realize the concepts of Islam that reconcile. The meeting was opened by President Joko Widodo at Bogor Palace on May 1, titled HIGH LEVEL CONSULTATION OF WORLD MUSLIM SCHOLARS ON WASATIYYAT ISLAM.

The high-level consultation meeting of the world's Muslim scholars on Istiyyah Islam will last for three days. The present scholars are from the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Lebanon, Syria, Algeria, Singapore, Philippines, India, Bangladesh, China, Australia, France and Canada. As well as from the United States, Brunei Darussalam, Japan, Thailand, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Uzbekistan, Britain and Russia. Then from Iran, Timor Leste, Sri Lanka, Palestine, Italy, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Jordan. Also present at a conference that runs until tomorrow are clerics from Syria, a war-torn country and cause some of its country to be devastated by bombs.


Indeed, Indonesia initiated the Wasatiyah Islamic meeting. There are at least two things to say. The first is because Indonesia has been in peace since the majority of Muslims are always trying to manifest themselves moderately and appear to overcome problems. Secondly, because the role of Indonesian Muslims in dealing with conflicts in the world is very necessary.


President Joko Widodo in the opening remarks of the Conference stated that Indonesia is a country that maintains diversity. Indonesia will continue to foster peace and unity by prioritizing deliberation, tolerance, and trust that brings social justice and lasting peace. Muslims must lead and pioneer efforts to create peace as well as the motor of world progress.


We hope, the conference in Bogor will be able to formulate the position of ulema and Muslims as middle people who are able to become a middle and middle problem. From Bogor new hope emerged about the concrete birth of Islam Wasatiyah not only from the level of concept but also how to do it, off course with aqidah based on Al Qur'an and Hadith.

03
May

In 1993 precisely in May 3rd  there is a big event but important to be studied together specially on people of press or human being of media. Right on that date, the UN Resolution on World Press Freedom Day was inaugurated. This event is to commemorate the Declaration of Windhoek nearly 30 years ago, where a number of African journalists met in Namibia to declare a free and independent press. So the 3rd it was reminded of the basic principles of freedom of the press in order to maintain media freedom or independence and pay homage to the fallen comrades in carrying out his profession. And on this date also made the momentum of the world press community will promote the principle of basic principles of press freedom.

 

What about Indonesia's plural and diverse society with all its problems (?) Moreover, the world considers that Indonesia is one of the largest democracies in the world, and holds a commitment to guarantee the press freedom and freedom of expression.

In 2018 and 2019, Indonesia is in the process of political years; many political elites, public figures and political party leaders often make maneuvering that bias between their political interests and concern of their people. Very often, there are hate speech, contradictions, call for anarchy because they want to attract the most votes and triumphs, not to mention the dissemination of false information or hoax. Here, the media as mediator must play a major role how to providecorrect information rather than hoaxes and and how balanceamong the interests of political parties, political opponents and society. The media should not become the trigger of the commotion so that people can be avoided from provocationas a result of the commotion.

It is no secret that the largest stakeholders or mass media owners are those who are engaged in the world of politics. In presenting the information, they could include messages to follow their political ideals.

On the occasion of international press freedom day, it is time for media people in Indonesia to learn from history, the struggle to fight for the freedom of the press, both in the country and overseas because many lessons can be experienced to be more mature in disseminating information or educating the community. So, the media is wise to receive the information obtained and does not cause anxiety and anarchy.

01
May

 

First of May or so-called 'May Day' has been set as the day of the world workers’ struggle by the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions at its Congress in 1886. In addition to demanding eight hours of work for one day, the moment gave the new spirit of the working-class struggle of that era. The date was chosen because it was inspired by the success of labor action in Canada in May 1872. Meanwhile in the United States, it was enforced from May 1st, 1886 to commemorate the event of labor demonstrations at Haymarket which ended with shootings by the authorities. Consequently, many victims could not be avoided.

Now, the groups of workers around the world commemorate May 1st as a day of labor or May Day and the date is often used as an activity to express their aspirations and demands. The workers usually demand an increase in wages, health and safety protection, workplace conditions or other conditions related to their welfare.

Unfortunately, in some countries including in Indonesia, this aspiration or demonstration activity often ends in riots. In 2017, some groups of workers that commemorated May Day in Jakarta and several other big cities resulted in anarchy even though there was no casualty. Such actions are actually very detrimental to Indonesia. The entrepreneurs or foreign investors will think over and over to invest. They will assume that workers in Indonesia tend to ask a lot of demands and to be anarchic. As a result, such a situation is less conducive in terms of business convenience.

It's not surprising if many foreign investors shift their look to Vietnam, Thailand or Cambodia as a place to invest their capital. The reason is not just the ease of investing such as low taxes, and longer land use permits. Indonesia is considered to have too many national holidays, in addition to the problem of labor demands or work wages that are often delivered in ways that are not praiseworthy.

President Joko Widodo ever reminded that Indonesia is lagging behind in the economic, trade or development sectors compared with its neighbors in ASEAN region. One reason is that some foreign investors look at other countries. Indonesia is a democratic country. Through demonstration, everyone can express their aspirations, but they must obey the existing rules not to make something anarchic.

30
April

Heads of states and governments of ASEAN member countries have just met in the 32nd ASEAN Summit in Singapore on April 28, 2018. The theme of the Summit was "Resilient and Innovative ASEAN”.

Minister of Foreign Affairs, Retno Marsudi expressed that Indonesia was satisfied with the positive results agreed at the 32nd ASEAN Summit.

In addition, Indonesia also welcomed the initiative of ASEAN Smart Cities Network. Each country proposes a maximum of three cities to become part of the ASEAN Smart Cities Network's cooperation. In the plenary session, President Joko Widodo said that he viewed the initiative as very good one. The urban problem is very complex and the ASEAN Smart Cities Network is one of the answers to the challenge by building a sustainable and inclusive city with the support of technology and innovation.

It’s natural for Indonesia to support this smart city network proposal. Because, Indonesia is currently developing the Movement towards 100 Smart Cities in 2018. The President includes three cities in Indonesia in the network of ASEAN Smart Cities Network, namely Jakarta, Banyuwangi and Makassar.

Banyuwangi and Makassar are considered to have fulfilled six smart city indicators in Indonesia, namely Smart Living, Smart Environment, Smart Mobility, Smart Governance, Smart Economy, and Smart People.

Indonesia, especially Jakarta, Banyuwangi and Makassar should make use this ASEAN smart city network. Because it will open big opportunities for small and medium enterprises to further develop and find new markets. In turn, this will improve the welfare of Indonesian people.

It is hoped that the presence of this ASEAN smart city network will also increase collective security against common threats, trans-boundary threats such as terrorism, transnational crime and cyber-crime.

May ASEAN Smart Cities Network be the answer to the challenges of building an innovative and resilient ASEAN community.

30
April

Heads of states and governments of ASEAN member countries have just met in the 32nd ASEAN Summit in Singapore on April 28, 2018. The theme of the Summit was "Resilient and Innovative ASEAN”. Minister of Foreign Affairs, Retno Marsudi expressed that Indonesia was satisfied with the positive results agreed at the 32nd ASEAN Summit. In addition, Indonesia also welcomed the initiative of ASEAN Smart Cities Network. Each country proposes a maximum of three cities to become part of the ASEAN Smart Cities Network's cooperation. In the plenary session, President Joko Widodo said that he viewed the initiative as very good one. The urban problem is very complex and the ASEAN Smart Cities Network is one of the answers to the challenge by building a sustainable and inclusive city with the support of technology and innovation. It’s natural for Indonesia to support this smart city network proposal. Because, Indonesia is currently developing the Movement towards 100 Smart Cities in 2018. The President includes three cities in Indonesia in the network of ASEAN Smart Cities Network, namely Jakarta, Banyuwangi and Makassar. Banyuwangi and Makassar are considered to have fulfilled six smart city indicators in Indonesia, namely Smart Living, Smart Environment, Smart Mobility, Smart Governance, Smart Economy, and Smart People. Indonesia, especially Jakarta, Banyuwangi and Makassar should make use this ASEAN smart city network. Because it will open big opportunities for small and medium enterprises to further develop and find new markets. In turn, this will improve the welfare of Indonesian people. It is hoped that the presence of this ASEAN smart city network will also increase collective security against common threats, trans-boundary threats such as terrorism, transnational crime and cyber-crime. May ASEAN Smart Cities Network be the answer to the challenges of building an innovative and resilient ASEAN community.

27
April

The neighboring conditions between North and South Korea are particularly vulnerable. Since the signing of a ceasefire agreement by the United States, China and North Korea in 1953, the Korean War has not really ended. The South Korean side has not been part of the deal yet. The relationship between the two Koreas did not improve even after  the end of the cold war between the Western and the Eastern Blocs. War seemed to be looming back at any time. This will certainly affect many people and  the damage and number of victims will  not small.

Peaceful efforts have also continued to be fostered by both North Korea and South Korea and other supporting countries. But generally they met a dead end because of each side’s reluctance to budge. However, optimism must be kept alive, that Peace will sooner or later be realized there.

Great hopes are pinned at North Korean Leader Kim Jong-Un's meeting with South Korean President Moon Jae-In today, Friday 27 April. This is the first step towards  the Summit of the United States, South Korea and North Korea which is planned to be held a month later. Hopefully this meeting is no longer just a marker of a peaceful effort as in the past. Rather as the beginning of an actual peace agreement.

The positive signs have been shown by  both North  and South Koreas. Among others can be seen from the attitude of North Korea which has  confirmed to   freez  its nuclear program. On the other hand, South Korea has also stopped broadcasting propaganda at the border. Two things appreciated by many parties.

Indeed, there are also countries that question the seriousness of North Korea. Given the proposed denuclearization of the Korean peninsula subtly means that the  United States forces must also leave the area.

Regardless of the growing views, both sides must really listen to the voice of the people who generally want peace. In fact, not a few who even want the unification of the two countries.

Meanwhile, the international community expects the immediate realization of peace. It should be remembered that the parties to the Korean peninsula conflict possess weapons of mass destruction. If each one does not hold back, the war will erupt and the victim is not just the Korean Peninsula.

26
April

There was something interesting from the activity of President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) yesterday. Usually, while attending the event, President Joko Widodo is surrounded by men of the presidential security guard - Paspampres. But when attending the inaugural ceremony event of the export of Mitsubishi Xpander in Tanjung Priok Port, North Jakarta, President Joko Widodo was seen surrounded by female members of the Paspampres. The women troops were alert to escort President Joko Widodo throughout the activity. Previously, at the Kartini Day event held at Monas in Central Jakarta, the female bodyguards were very alert and smart to protect President Joko Widodo.

Of course, there is a special reason why this time, women are assigned to safeguard President Joko Widodo. Deputy for Protocol, Press, and Media Secretariat of the President, Bey Machmudin said that the condition is indeed designed to commemorate ‘Kartini Day’, a day that symbolizes the struggle of equality of women's rights in Indonesia.

The opportunity for Indonesian women to enter in every profession is open enough. The proportion is getting increased. Looking at the Working Cabinet of President Joko Widodo, there are eight women who play a major role in his Cabinet Ministry. Now, Indonesian women have wide opportunities to uphold the sovereignty of the state, to maintain the territory of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia based on Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution, and to protect the nation and the country from the threat and disturbance towards the unity of the nation and the country. The number and proportion of women members of the corps of the National Army and the Indonesian National Police are also increasing.

The presence of women security guards and law enforcement authorities is appreciated by President Joko Widodo. When chairing the joint marching of 10.000 women from Armed Forces -TNI, National Police –Polri and all woman components in commemorating ‘Kartini Day’, President Joko Widodo expressed his gratitude for their contribution in maintaining the defense and security of the country which continues to increase from time to time. He also affirmed that they have played a major and strategic role. Because, the people, the government, and the state need the women’s key role. In addition, Indonesian women play a unique role in providing a sense of security and excellent service to the community.

Actually, the presence of female presidential guards is not something new. They are always present in every state event, especially if First Lady Iriana Joko Widodo always attends an event. They are members of Paspampres Group A who have the duty of carrying out immediate physical security at close range at all times against the President and his family.

25
April

Although often criticized for his leadership style, Donald Trump is still a leader of the superpower, the United States. Even Trump makes at least 2 surprises in 2018. First is his planned meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un sometime to come. The second surprise was, ordering his troops and supported by US, British and French allies carrying out attacks in Syria for some time.
For East Asian affairs, particularly the issue of the Korean Peninsula, Trump was approached by its ally, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. Both discuss this issue as one of their meeting agendas. Nevertheless, the two do not agree on trade matters.
A week after that, the Trump discussion shifted to the West Asian region. This time the allies of the United States in the attack in Syria, French President Emmanuele Macron menyambanginya Tuesday (April 24, 2018). The two discussed issues in Syria and JCPOA, the Comprehensive Comprehensive Action Plan signed by Irang with six countries, the United States, China, Russia, Britain, France and Germany in Lausanne, Switzerland, 2 April 3 years ago and will expire May 12, 2018. Trump does not seem to be pleased to continue the JCPOA because it considers it the "worst in history".
Whether realized or not, Trump plays an important role both in East Asia and West Asia. If Trump and allies maintain a commitment to peace in West Asia, Trump should still try to make it happen whether it is through a peaceful process in Syria, in Palestine and not necessarily rejecting JCPOA with Iran.
On the contrary in East Asia, it seems a more positive aura for the United States to resolve the nuclear issue with North Korea. The meeting of the two Koreas closer to the realization of the golden bridge of peace on the Peninsula. Donald Trump's meeting - Kim Jong Un guarantees eternal peace on the Korean Peninsula.
We hope the United States is truly committed to peace. Because only with world peace can share prosperity for all.

24
April

Cases of sexual violence against kids still occur and attract the public's attention. According to Global Report 2017 ‘Ending Violence in Childhood reported by Know Violence in Childhood, an organization under UNICEF, the number of sexual violence against girls worldwide with the ages 15-19 reaches 18 million. This figure excludes the number of violence against boys. Many people wonder why child abuse cases continue to happen (?) Then, how does the Indonesian government overcome the case?

The commitment of the Indonesian government expressed by President Joko Widodo and  Minister of Women's Empowerment of Child Protection, Yohanna Yambise encourages the perpetrators of sexual crimes against kids to be strictly punished. This is aimed at reducing the cases of sexual violence against childrenHowever, the effort will not be fruitful without cooperation with all related stakeholders.

 

Based on the existing laws, the punishment for child sex offenders is relatively severe. But most importantly, it is not the treatment after the tragedy. But it’s how to keep and protect the children to avoid the deviant behavior of people who are not responsible. The responsibility and protection of the children still depend on their respective parents. Therefore, parents must understand the behavior of the children and the environment around them. They should also provide early understanding to their children about sex, the threat of sexual harassment and sexual violence. In addition, the children are educated how to recognize the people around them who have deviant behavior and may harm the children. Based on experience, most perpetrators of sexual crimes against children are those who are already close to the children.

 

The children are the next generation that will determine the fate of the Indonesian nation in the future. Therefore, there is no reason not to protect them now and in the future. Both the government and related stakeholders, including the general public have common duty and responsibility to eliminate sexual crimes against children across Indonesia.

23
April

The implementation of the National Examination for Junior High Level (SMP) or the equivalent is held simultaneously starting today, April 23 until April 26 in Indonesia with the total number of the participants nearly 4.3 million students. 63% of the participants follow the UN-based computer (UNBK) while the others still follow the exam by conventional way, namely by pencil and paper (UNKP). When asked how difficult is about the use of ‘HOTS’ model (Higher Order Thinking Skills) in the National Examination of Junior High School and the equivalent, Head of National Education Standards Agency (BSNP), Bambang Suryadi responded that the model has become the policy of the Ministry of Education and Culture to introduce the assessment with HOTS model that aims to train critical, creative, and analytical thinking skills among students so that they do not learn by memorizing patterns. This is in line with one of the goals of the 2013 Curriculum that does encourage the critical, creative, and analytical thinking skills. Minister of Education and Culture, Muhadjir Effendy said to Antara News Agency in Jakarta on Sunday (22/4) that about 10 to 15 % of the existing questions are related to HOTS model. The level of difficulty is adjusted to the ability of Junior High School students. Why does HOTS model seem difficult for the students? Secretary General of the Federation of Indonesian Teachers Union (FSGI), Heru Purnomo perceives that only some teachers apply HOTS in school learning. The approach of HOTS model is related to the 2013 curriculum. Meanwhile, most of the students who sit at IX class, attending the UN-based computer -UNBK still use Education Unit Level Curriculum -KTSP. In fact, any kinds of education models given in the national examination for Junior High School students or the equivalent levels will not be considered difficult, if the participating examinees have well prepared for the exam. Students’ great motivation to understand teaching materials at school, including support from parents, teachers, and the environment becomes very meaningful to be successful in the final exams, such as the National Exam, the School Exam or the Nationally Standardized Exam (USBN).

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