Feature

Feature (217)

03
January

Mosaic Indonesia

Written by
Published in Feature

Mosaic Indonesia 

January 3rd, we will present various news about the decrease of tourists’ visit in Galunggung, while in Sleman regency, a number of tourist exceeded the target of the year 2017. This will be ended with a news on the group of Farmers and Fishermen of Merauke supports large-scale organic farming in Merauke.

The number of tourists visiting the Galunggung tourism site in Tasikmalaya, West java has decreased in 2017 compared to 2016. A lot of natural disasters in Tasikmalaya regency are one of the causes of declining tourist visits. Coordinator of Tourism Object and Attraction of Mt. Galunggung, Usep, to RRI said on Monday, that in 2016 the tourist visits especially on Christmas and New Year’s holidays reached a total of 4,000 visits. In this year only 2,500 tourists visited the site. To attract more tourists, the management has made various innovations. One of them is a new section, namely "Dek Selfi". Usep also said that the deck above the altitude can be used by tourists for selfie with Mt.Galunggung as a background. He hopes, in this year Galunggung tourism object will attract tourists again to come to Tasikmalaya.

Different from Galunggung tourism object, in the long New Year holiday season, Sleman regency was the favorite destination. Various tourism objects of the regency in the slope of Mt. Merapi in Special Region of Yogyakarta was crowded by tourists. Head of Tourism Office of Sleman, Sudarningsih said on Monday that at the end of 2017, a total of 224,897 tourists flocked to favorite destination such as Kaliurang and Tebing Breksi. More than 7 million domestic and foreign tourists visited Sleman regency until December 31st. The number exceeded the target of early 2017 which was only 6 millions of visitiors.

A group of Farmers and Fishermen of Merauke is ready to support the government of Merauke regency to develop organic agriculture in big scale. Head of the group, Slamet Purwadi, revealed in Merauke, on Tuesday that the development of organic agriculture is the right solution to reduce the use of chemical agricultural fertilizer products. In addition, they use the potency of organic fertilizer in Merauke Regency. According to Slamet Purwadi, the development must be discussed at the government and farmer levels, so that the organic agricultural program is not only a slogan, but it can also be realized for the interests of farmers.

 

08
January

Today in History

Written by
Published in Feature

January 8

 

1912 African National Congress was established.

The African National Congress -ANC is the Republic of South Africa's governing social democratic political party. It has been the ruling party of post-apartheid South Africa on the national level, beginning with the election of Nelson Mandela in the 1994 election, the first after the end of apartheid. Today, the ANC remains the dominant political party in South Africa, winning every election since 1994. The party was established on January 8, 1912 in Bloemfontein to protect the rights of black skin. One of the founders is Albert Lutuli. Until 1923, the party names South African Native National Congress. The Congress is one of parties which has controlled since 1994. The support on the party was reduced in the 1999 general election, but they gained support again in the 2004 general election.

 

1926  Abdul-Aziz bin Saud became King Hijaz and changed the name of the region to be Saudi Arabia.

 

Abdul Aziz As-Saud is the first king of Saudi Arabia. He is also well-known with some names, such as Ibnu Saud. He came from royal family of Saudi Arabia which reigned part of Arabian Peninsula. In 1901, when he was 22 years old, Ibnu Saud replaced his father as the Head of Saud dynasty with the title ‘Sultan Nejd’. Then, he began a campaign to seize land from Rashidi dynasty which is now Saudi Arabia.  In 1902, he and his troops together with his family and siblings succeeded to seize   Riyadh. In 1912, Ibnu Saud succeeded to control Nejd with the help of Wahabi troops led by Syaikh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab with the help of Britain. In 1922, Saud dynasty succeeded to defeat Rashidi dynasty and ended the reign of Rashidi dynasty on Arabian land. On  January 8,  1926, Abdul-Aziz bin Saud became king Hijaz and merged name of Hijaz and Nejd to be Saudi Arabia.

 

 2003  Accident of Turkish Airlines Flight 634 occurred.

 

Turkish Airlines Flight 634 was a scheduled domestic passenger flight from Turkish Airlines' hub at Istanbul Atatürk Airport to Diyarbakır Airport insoutheastern Turkey. On 8 January 2003, the aircraft operating the flight, a British Aerospace Avro RJ100, struck the ground on final approach approximately 900 meters or 3,000 feet short of the runway threshold during extreme weather conditions. In the following collision with a slope, a post-crash fire broke out, killing 75 of the 80 occupants, including both pilots.

 

06
January

Today in History

Written by
Published in Feature

January 6

 

1919 Theodore Roosevelt died.

Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th president of the United States.   Presidential position was obtained when Roosevelt replacing president William McKinley which was killed. He has begun active in politics since 1880s by obtaining some political posts in New York. In 1898, as assistant secretary of the US navy, he provoked war against Spain. When war began, Roosevelt formed “Rough Riders” which has big role in US victory at Cuba’s war.

1970 PAN AM, the first commercial  airline services route was to go around the earth.  

 

Pan America Airways which was established on March 14, 1927, became the first commercial airline which flew around the earth.  In the world war II, the company has network in the United States, Europe and Asia. Entering World War II, Pan America Airways planes were used by military. In 1947, the airline operated again with a world-wide service by using Lockheed Constellations with the name Clipper America. The flight route was included San Francisco by stopping at Honolulu, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Delhi, Istanbul, Frankfurt, London, and New York. On January 6, 1970, the flight was really realized with the initial route New York return to New York with Boeing 707.  

1980  Indira Gandhi was re-elected as Prime Minister.

 

On January 6, 1980, Indira Gandhi won majority votes and became Prime Minister of India again. But on October 31, 1984 due to her repressive policy on Sikh group, Indira was shot by her guard who is Sikh blooded. Indira was chosen to be Prime Minister in 1966 replacing Lal Bahadur Shastri. In 1971, Indira won in national general election and became prime minister again. But,  in 1975, she was sentenced for committing fraud in  1971 general election. Indira rejected the sentence and proclaimed that she was not guilty.  Then, she imposed a state of emergency in India. During the period, Indira held control in various life aspects in India and imprisoned many opponents. In1977, Indira held general election to stop critic that she has  treaded democracy inIndia. However, at the time, Indira Gandhi lost and was knocked out of the seat of the Prime Minister.

 

 

 

 
04
January

Today in History

Written by
Published in Feature

 January 4

 

1948 Myanmar was granted independence.

Myanmar officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and formerly known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia. Its capital is Naypyidaw, and its largest city and former capital is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations -ASEAN since 1997.

In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo Dynasty, the country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Mainland Southeast Asia. The early 19th century, Konbaung Dynasty ruled over an area that included modern Myanmar and briefly controlled Manipur and Assam as well. The British took over the administration of Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century and the country became a British colony. Myanmar was granted independence in 1948, as a democratic nation. Following a coup d'état in 1962, it became a military dictatorship.

In 2011, the military junta was officially dissolved following a 2010 general election, and a nominally civilian government was installed. This, along with the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and political prisoners, has improved the country's human rights record and foreign relations, and has led to the easing of trade and other economic sanctions. There is, however, continuing criticism of the government's treatment of ethnic minorities, its response to the ethnic insurgency, and religious clashes. In the landmark 2015 election, Aung San Suu Kyi's party won a majority in both houses. However, the Burmese military remains a powerful force in politics.

 

1999 European zone united in the unity of currency "Euro."

Eleven members of the European Union -EU, namely Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain, hope one currency will improve European integration and improve the economy. On its inaugural day, the Euro closed with a strong enough value of US $ 1.17.

By design, the currency is decorated with images and symbols of European unity and completed with motives representing member states. But on January 1, 2002, the Euro consisting of eight coins and seven banknotes, officially circulated.

However, one currency is not without controversy. There is a concern that this change process will cause chaos, costly, and lead to inflation. Even, it can make a country lose its economic policy control.
It makes United Kingdom, Sweden, and Denmark choose not to use the Euro currency.

 

2004Spirit landed on Mars.

Spirit, also known as MER-A (Mars Exploration Rover –A) or MER-2, was a robotic rover on Mars, active from 2004 to 2010. It was one of two rovers of NASA's ongoing Mars Exploration Rover Mission. It landed successfully on Mars at 04:35 Ground UTC on January 4, 2004, three weeks before its twin, Opportunity(MER-B) landed on the other side of the planet. Its name was chosen through a NASA-sponsored student essay competition. The rover became stuck in late 2009, and its last communication on Earth was sent on March 22, 2010.

 

 

02
January

Today in History

Written by
Published in Feature

 

 RRI VOI with Today's event in History January 2

1942 

Manila is  controlled by Japan.
In the Second World War, Japan launched an offensive attack into the Philippines, the US colony on December 8, 1941, just ten hours after their attack on Pearl Harbor. The initial aerial bombardment was followed by a landing of ground troops
 in the  north and south of Manila. The troops of the Philippines and the United States under the command of General Douglas MacArthur tried to hold the ground. However, as their troops lost to the Japanese, the  US and Philippine defense forces retreated to the Bataan Peninsula and to the island of Corregidor in Manila Bay. Manila fell into the hands of Japanese troops on January 2, 1942. On May 6, 1942, all the Philippines fell into the hands of Japanese troops.

1959, USSR Launches Luna-1 Unmanned Airplane to the Moon.


After successfully launching 
its  first spacecraft, Sputnik the Soviet space agency on January 2, 1959 launched the Luna-1 unmanned aircraft aimed at researching the moon. The aircraft carried radio transmitters, telemetry systems and a number of detection systems. According to the plan, after the aircraft completed a series of detection of space during flight, the plane was then directed to hit the surface of the moon. But, there was  failure of the control system so that the plane failed to reach the moon and finally into the orbiting position of the sun, thus making it as the first manmade object that orbited the sun at the position between Earth and Mars.


1962, Mandala Command for the liberation of West Irian was formed.


Mandala Command is a command formed by President Soekarno as commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia on January 2, 1962. The Mandala Command 
was based in Makassar, South Sulawesi with Major-General Suharto as Commander-in-Chief. Mandala's command duties were to plan, prepare, and conduct military operation to return West Papua to Indonesia, which was still controlled by the Dutch.

On January 12, 1962, Mandala Command mission was started. Thanks to the Mandala Command, Ellsworth Bunker, United States representative for the United Nations proposed the  Dutch-Indonesian problem to be brought to the negotiating table. On 15 August 1962, negotiations between Indonesia and the Netherlands were held at United Nations Headquarters in New York. Problems were  solved with West Irian back to Indonesian hands.

 

08
January

Mosaic Indonesia

Written by
Published in Feature

 

This is RRI World Service Voice of Indonesia with Mosaic of Indonesia. In today’s edition, we will present news about regional government of Bali encouraging farmer to use high quality paddy seed, Breksi cliff Prambanan as favorite destination and the news on cooperation between Bener Meriah and Yogyakarta in the field of education.

The provincial government of Bali increases the use of high quality rice massively to increase agricultural production. It was stated by deputy governor of Bali, Ketut Sudikerta in his written speech read by Head of Food Crops, Horticulture and Plantations Office of Bali, Ida Bagus Wisnuardhana in the harvest of M400 rice variety at Subak Dangin Umah, Batuyang village, Sukawati sub-district, Gianyar, on Saturday (6/1). He also stated that adequate food availability with good quality must be provided to fulfill basic rights of people, either in adequate food availability, distribution, or accessibility. Ida Bagus Wisnuardhana said the use of high quality rice massively will be able to increase productivity. In the future, the use of the high quality rice must be planted continuously to increase productivity.

During Christmas and New Year holiday season 2018 Breksi cliff tourist destination at Sambirejo village, Prambanan, Sleman, Yogyakarta still becomes a attraction for tourists until Sunday (7/1/). Head of Sambirejo village, Wajimin said, that during Christmas and New Year Holiday season 2018, the number of visitors of the tourism object increased until three times compared to the weekdays. Wajimin said the increase of the visitors is around 300 percent because the tourism object has become a favorite destination. In fact in the evening, a lot of tourists come only to witness sunset. Wajimin said to RRI, on Sunday, the more tourists come to Breksi cliff, the better the welfare of local food vendors is. He admitted that his village, thanks to many tourists, gets assistance from Sleman Tourism Office and the governor of Yogyakarta to build infrastructure.

We end Mosaic of Indonesia for today with the news on cooperation between Bener Meriah regency and Yogyakarta in the field of education.

The regional government of Bener Meriah regency and Yogyakarta signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to cooperate in the field of education. The MoU was signed by Head of Educational Office of the two regions after commemoration of the 14th Bener Meriah anniversary in Bener Meriah regency, in Aceh province on Sunday (7/1). According to the Head of Educational Office of Bener Meriah regency, Rayendra, the cooperation is an effort in implementing quality and competitive education. Rayendra also said that Yogyakarta has the best education, so that it can be used as reference in building quality education. The cooperation will be held in various forms, including the improvement of teacher capacity. 

02
October

June 26 is annually celebrated as National Family Planning Day or also known as National Family Day (HARGANAS). In 1949 on which the nation of Indonesia's situation and condition at that time was not yet fully conducive; it was mandatory for every citizen to do conscription. So, they were separated from the family, including

Page 16 of 16