Maryati

Maryati

06
July

Last week, the World Bank upgraded Indonesia's status from a lower middle income country to an upper middle income country. The World Bank raises the status of Indonesia based on the latest assessment. Indonesia's Gross Domestic Product (GNP) per capita in 2019 recorded an increase to US$ 4,050 dollars from US$ 3,840 dollars in 2018. The World Bank classifies countries based on GNP per capita in 4 categories: Low Income (US$1,035), Lower Middle Income (US$, 036 – US$4,045), Upper Middle Income (US$4,046 – US$12,535) and High Income (more than US$12,535).

The World Bank uses this classification as one of the factors to determine a country eligible to use World Bank facilities and products, including loan pricing.

Upgrading Indonesia from Lower Middle to Upper Middle income country will provide several benefits, such as strengthening the confidence and perceptions of investors, trading partners, bilateral partners and development partners for the resilience of the Indonesian economy, increasing foreign investment both directly and indirectly, improving the performance of the current account which is still in deficit. In addition, the benefits can boost economic competitiveness and strengthen financial support. This is an important point in the strategic stages and a solid foundation towards Indonesia Forward in 2045.

In return of the benefits achieved by Indonesia with the upgraded rating, there is a challenging factor. Take for example; in terms of international trade, an increase in status has consequences for Indonesian products that might get fewer tariff relief facilities. The United States might revoke GSP (Generalized System of Preferences) facilities or import duty exemption facilities. In fact, many Indonesian products have benefited from the GSP facilities such as textiles, apparel, agriculture, fisheries, cacao and wood products. The increase in status will also have a significant impact on debt financing. With the status of an upper middle income country, Indonesia is considered capable to pay at a higher interest rate. While creditor countries will prioritize loans for countries that earn less than Indonesia, especially low-income countries. The increase in status will also threaten employment if not accompanied by changes in economic structure. This means that Indonesia does not need to be proud of this new status because there are still many challenges to be faced ahead.

06
July

Coto Mangkasara or usually called Coto Makassar is a typical soup dish from Makassar, South Sulawesi, which has many lovers in Indonesia, even it is quite well known abroad. Visiting Makassar is not complete if you do not taste Coto Makassar. The main agenda of some tourists who come to Makassar is to taste Coto Makassar.

The raw stuff of Coto Makassar is from cow or buffalo meat consisting of lungs, liver, intestines, and tongue. All of them are boiled for a long time. Meanwhile, the sauce seasoning is a combination of a number of spices and peanuts that have been fried and grinded. The boiled meat is then sliced into small pieces and mixed with the blended seasoning.

To make the sauce seasoning, we need some spices, such as garlic, red onion, and boiled red chilli, hazelnut, coriander, roasted cumin, pepper granules, salt and tauco. Tauco, Taucu, Taotjo or Tauchu is a paste made from preserved fermented yellow soybeans. All of the ingredients must be grinded until smooth and then fried. If the fried seasoning smells fragrant, the seasoning is entered into the broth of the boiling beef and adds peanuts that have been fried and grinded. After that, the broth is cooked to boil.

Nowadays, Coto Makassar can be enjoyed throughout Indonesia. We can find it not only at the food stalls along the roadsides, but also at five-star hotel. If you visit Makassar, we suggest you try this food. You can find the food at almost every food stall in Makassar with prices around Rp 20.000 – Rp. 25.000 per portion.

06
July

The Ministry of Industry along with the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Investment launched "#SemuanyaAdadiSini" or  #Everythingishere” campaign through a virtual launch on Wednesday (1/7). The campaign is part of the “Proud of Made in Indonesia” National Movement, which is a mutual cooperation movement carried out by the government, the community, and businesses by shopping for products made in Indonesia, especially  of Small and Medium Industries -SMI.

Minister of Industry, Agus Gumiwang Kartasasmita said that the "#SemuanyaAdadiSini" or  #Everythingishere” runs from 1 to 15 July 2020. The target is 2 million Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises selling online.

In addition, the purpose of this campaign is to convey the message that Indonesian industry is able to meet the needs of the community with quality products, as well as a call for the public to buy Indonesian industrial products, especially small and medium industrial products.

Through this campaign, the government also wants to encourage SMEs to expand marketing access through online media. According to Minister Agus Gumiwang, since 2017, the Ministry of Industry has started a program to expand marketing access with digital technology through theSMI e-smart program as a step to implement the Making Indonesia 4.0 road map. The "#SemuanyaAdadiSini" or #Everythingishere” campaign is expected to strengthen the program with a series of coaching. It began on June 5, 2020, with the number of registrants reaching almost 3000 SMIs. Training and onboarding programs are carried out in collaboration with e-commerce like Lazada, Blibli.com, Tokopedia, Shopee and Bukalapak.

Sustainability programs are also strived to maintain the existence of SMIs in the online market by providing capacity building, mentoring, and other facilitation such as standardization, licensing, intellectual property, and packaging in collaboration with universities, Provincial and Regional Industry Offices, technology providers and IKM drivers. This program will run until December 2020.

The #EverythingAdaDisini campaign is also  to strengthen the program to boost the use of domestic products and call for the people to defend Indonesian industry by shopping at  Indonesian SMEs.

06
July

Voice of Indonesia presents “Let’s Speak Bahasa Indonesia,” a lesson in the Indonesian language on the radio. We introduce some Indonesian vocabulary and tips on how to use it in a conversation. This segment is a joint initiative of Voice of Indonesia and the Language and Book Development Agency of the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture.  Today’s topic is Kapan Tiba? in English ‘When did you arrive?.

Read to this conversation about Kapan Tiba which means ‘When did you arrive?’. At campus auditorium, Kevin is talking with Siti, a friend whom Kevin just met during orientation activity at their campus.

   

Siti

Kevin , kapan kamu tiba di Indonesia?

Kevin

Satu minggu yang lalu.

Now, I am going to introduce the vocabularies and expressions related to the topic today.

Kevin, kapan kamu tiba di Indonesia?

(2X)which means

Kevin, when did arrive in Indonesia?

Satu minggu yang lalu.

 

A week ago/last week

When you want to ask about time, you can use the word kapan which means ‘when’.

Let’s follow the example:

Kapan kamu tiba?     which means      When did you arrive?

To respond to the question. kapan, you can answer by using the adverb of time.

For example: Satu minggu yang lalu which means last week/a week ago.

Now, here are other adverbs of time in Indonesian language:

- besok                         which means      tomorrow

- lusa                                                         the day after tomorrow

- kemarin                                                  yesterday

- minggu yang lalu                                last week

- satu bulan yang lalu                                     last month

- tahun depan                                          next year

- bulan depan                                          next month

         

That was “Let’s Speak Bhs Indonesia”, a lesson in Bahasa Indonesia or the Indonesian language on the radio. Hopefully, this edition will be useful for those who want to know more about Bahasa Indonesia.