Maryati

Maryati

17
April

The party of democracy abroad took place earlier than in Indonesia. The voting at the polling station took place on April 13, 2019. The voting activities of the 2019 General Election in Houston, the United States were enlivened with a dangdut music event held by the Consulate General of the Republic of Indonesia (KJRI) Houston. This was done to enliven the atmosphere of the election and treating the longing for the homeland. The Indonesian Consulate General in Houston opened the entertainment stage with various dances and dangdut karaoke performances by the visitors. This year's election really became a venue for people's party. The Indonesian Consulate General in Houston also held the Indonesia Spring Market 2019 bazaar filled with more than 40 booths. Various Indonesian souvenirs, cloth, and snacks were offered at the bazaar that was attended by visitors from both the Indonesian community and the local community in Houston. Not only in the US, the excitement and nuance of Indonesian tradition can be seen in the elections in Budapest. The Overseas Election Committee –PPLN and the Foreign Voters Organizing Group wore National clothes to explore the meaning of Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, unity in diversity. With the traditional Betawi clothes, Dayak and Bali, the people enlivened the democratic process at the Indonesian Embassy in Hungary. To treat people’s longing to Indonesian culinary, people can enjoy bakso or meatballs and nasi uduk which were provided the Committee. In addition, the Election party was enlivened by the SMA 5 Surabaya Choir, which is now competing in Budapest. They sang many Indonesian regional songs such as Bungong Jeumpa and the song of Kecak dance. In Peru, the Indonesian Embassy in Lima has looked lively since early morning. The atmosphere there also looks different. In the courtyard of the Embassy building was built tents with red and white atmosphere and batik cloth decorated tables. There was also prepared bakso (meatball) and es buah (fruit ice) menu in the backyard of the Embassy. The residents can dance together, treating their homesickness. There were also Indonesian folk songs performance accompanied by Romo Vincent's guitar from Flores Island. The music performance also presented Alusio's song, Ge Mu Fa Mi RE, Poco-poco, Sajojo, Flobamora, as well as heroic songs like Halo-halo Bandung. There are still many excitement and uniqueness stories of the election party abroad. Far distance from the homeland, is not dampen their love and concern for Indonesia's progress and development.

17
April

April 17, 2019, is a historic day for the Indonesian people. As one of the largest democracies in the world, today Indonesia holds general elections. There are more than 190 million people who have the right to vote. The voting this time is special because it is carried out simultaneously at one time. Domestically, the elections for  president and  vice president, national and regional legislative council (DPR, DPRD) and Regional Representative Council (DPD) are only conducted in one day, April 17, 2019. As for more than 2 million Indonesian citizens overseas the voting  was implemented earlier. Enthusiasm was shown by these voters by queuing at Indonesian representative offices in each country. When compared to general elections in India that are still ongoing today, there are system and time differences. First, India holds general elections to elect legislators. A party that wins a majority in parliament will rule, either singly or in coalition. So there is no presidential election. Second, the time provided for elections is around 1 month, which is until next May. Both in Indonesia and India the problem is the distribution of election equipment, which is widespread even to areas that are quite isolated. Meanwhile, both in Indonesia and in India, the people do not only live in urban areas. The majority live in rural areas even in remote areas that are relatively difficult to reach. Not to discuss the differences in the two countries' systems, but the essence of general elections both in Indonesia and in India is constitutional distribution of citizens' rights. Giving the opportunity to the people to choose the best candidate for running  the country. The people determine who they choose and the party they support. They also have the right to reject candidates who perform poorly, or parties that ignore the expectations of the people. That is actually the essence of democracy. The people are in power even though it may be seen on the election day.

17
April

On April 17th 2019, Indonesiahold simultaneous General Election. Indonesia had held General Election 11 times since its independence from the colonizers in 1945. The impact of revolution after the proclamation of Indonesian independence and the instability of cabinet were the reasons that the General Election in Indonesia was held 10 years after its independence namely in 1955. The first election in Indonesia was held in 1955. In the 1955 election, Indonesian people voted for members of House of Representatives (DPR). The contestants came from 29 parties. Although Indonesia did not have any experience in organizing general election before, the 1955 election was carried out successfully and conducively. The democracy festivity was transparent and open for all Indonesian people. Therefore, foreign observers perceived that the 1955 election was the most democratic election that Indonesia has ever held.The general election in Indonesia underwent several changes with the passage of time. After the rebellion of the Indonesian Communist Party in 1965 which was successfully countered, the new order was established. The next election was held again during the new order regime namely in 1971. The 1971 election was participated in by 10 parties. The 1971 election aimed to elect members of Indonesian House of Representatives (DPR), and the Regional House of Representatives for Provincial and Municipal Levels.Later, the New Order Regime cut off the number of political parties into two parties namely the United Development Party (PPP) and the Indonesian Democratic Party, plus the Functional Groups or Golkar. At the time, political parties were not allowed by the government to operate at villages. The General Election started to be held regularly every 5 years namely in 1977, 1982, 1987, 1992, and 1997.In 1998, the reformation movement successfully toppled the authoritarian new order regime. The 1999 election was held differently. As many as 48 political parties competed to become members of Indonesian House of Representative (DPR) and Regional House of Representatives (Provincial and Municipal Levels). The 2004 election applied different system. For the first time, in 2004 election, Indonesian people elected not only legislative members but also their president directly. The 2004 election applied the 3% Electoral Threshold so that the number of parties were restricted to 24 parties. Meanwhile, the 2009 election was participated in by 38 parties and local parties of Aceh. The Electoral Threshold was superseded in the 2009 election by the 2.5% Parliamentary Threshold. From 38 parties competing in the election, only 9 of them passed the parliamentary threshold and secured their seats at House of Representatives (DPR).The 2014 election was participated in by 12 parties. But, only 10 parties fulfilled the 3.5% Parliamentary Threshold and secured their seats at the Indonesian House of Representatives. Furthermore, as many as 16 national parties and 4 local Acehnese parties take part in the 2019 election. There are two presidential candidate pairs in the 2019 election. Presidential candidate pair Number 01 Joko Widodo and his running mate, Ma'ruf Amin. Meanwhile, Presidential Candidate pair Number 02 are Prabowo Subianto and, Sandiaga Uno.

15
April

Voice of Indonesia presents “Let’s Speak Bahasa Indonesia,” a lesson in the Indonesian language on the radio, introducing some Indonesian vocabulary and tips on how to use it in a conversation. This segment is a joint initiative of Voice of Indonesia and the Language Development and Cultivation Agency at the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture.  Today’s topic is Meminta Nomor Telepon or ‘Asking for telephone number’.

Next  is a conversation about  Meminta Nomor Telepon or ‘Asking for telephone number’. Tony is at Prambanan Temple area along with his friend, Joko.  Joko asks Tony’s telephone number, the number  in Indonesia.

Joko

Tony, boleh minta nomor  telepon genggam kamu?

Tony

Boleh, nol delapan satu tiga enam empat lima sembilan tujuh dua nol.

Joko

Nol delapan satu tiga enam empat lima sembilan tujuh dua enam.

Tony

Bukan enam, tetapi nol

Joko

Oh, sembilan tujuh dua nol.

Tony

Ya

As usual, after the conversation I’ll introduce some vocabulary and expressions related to the topic today. I’ll say each word slowly, and twice. You can follow after me.

Tony, boleh minta nomor genggam mu?

Atau: Tony, boleh minta nomor  HP mu?

(2X) which means

Tony, May I ask your cellphone number?

Boleh

(2X) which means

may

Nol atau kosong

(2X) which means

Nil or zero

delapan

(2X) which means

eight

Satu

(2X) which means

one

Dua

(2X) which means

two

Tiga

(2X) which means

three

Empat

(2X) which means

four

Lima

(2X) which means

five

     

Enam

(2X) which means

six

Tujuh

(2X) which means

seven

Sembilan

 

nine

Bukan

(2X) which means

not

Hand phone, telepon genggam, telepon seluler

(2X) which means

Cellular phone

To ask someone’s telephone number, you can say Boleh minta nomor telepon? which means ‘may I ask your telephone number’  or Boleh minta nomor ponsel kamu?   or  Boleh minta nomor HP?  which meansmay I ask for your cellular phone number’.