Maryati

Maryati

17
July

Voice of Indonesia presents “Let’s Speak Bahasa Indonesia,” a lesson in the Indonesian language on the radio, introducing some Indonesian vocabulary and tips on how to use it in a conversation. This segment is a joint initiative of Voice of Indonesia and the Language Development and Cultivation Agency at the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture.  Today’s topic is ‘Cold Medicine’ or Obat flu.

Next is a conversation between Joko and a pharmacist about Cold Medicine or Obat flu. Joko is at a pharmacy to buy some medicines.

Joko                            : Ada obat flu ?                                     

Pharmacist                : Ada. Untuk anak-anak atau orang dewasa ?          

Joko                : Untuk orang dewasa

Pharmacist                : Perlu vitamin juga ?

Joko                            : Tidak. Makasih

After the conversation, now I’ll introduce some vocabulary and expressions related to the topic today. I’ll say each word slowly and twice, you can follow after me.

Obat

Which means

medicine

Obat flu

 

Cold medicine

Untuk anak-anak

 

For kids/children

Untuk orang dewasa

 

For adults

Perlu vitamin juga?

 

Do you also need vitamin?

Tidak, makasih

 

No, thank you

In the conversation the Pharmacist asked Joko: untuk anak-anak atau orang dewasa ? which means ‘for children or adult?’ and Joko answered Untuk orang dewasa which means ‘for adult’. If you want to buy medicines for children, you can say untuk anak-anak. The word anak-anak has two meanings. Let’s follow the next examples :

    

-       Anak-anak saya sedang sakit.

-       Obat ini hanya untuk anak-anak, bukan untuk orang dewasa

The word anak-anak in the sentence

-       Anak-anak saya sedang sakit

-       anak-anak sedang bermain di taman means plural

while the word anak-anak at the sentence

-       Obat ini hanya untuk anak-anak,

-       Masa anak-anak adalah masa yang indah means kids or under-age.

In the dialogue Joko said makasih. The word makasih is non-standard form from the word terima kasih. In daily conversation the word makasih is often used than the word terima kasih.

17
July

Iran uses the nuclear issue in an effort to reduce pressure and sanctions from the United States. Tehran has threatened to reverse its nuclear program as before, before the 2015 nuclear agreement. The Iranian Atomic Energy Agency said it would reverse its nuclear program if the United States and its Allies were unable to find a way out to reduce pressure and sanctions imposed by the United States. A spokesman for the Iranian Atomic Energy Agency Behrouz Kamalvandi, as reported by the official Iranian news agency IRNA, expressed the threat  in the hope of encouraging diplomatic efforts. Tehran sees the need for diplomatic measures to overcome tensions, in particular relations with the United States, to avoid economic sanctions. As is known, after last year President Donald Trump declared his exit from the 2015 Nuclear Agreement, Washington has imposed more severe sanctions on Iran. If the threat of the Iranian Atomic Agency is realized, then the country will gradually produce nuclear exceeding the minimum agreed on 4 years ago, which is above 300 kilograms of its uranium reserves. Iran's threat to return to nuclear production as it did before the 4-year agreement came as a Beijing statement condemned Washington's policies. In his diplomatic statement in Beijing, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang accused the United States of being the cause of the emergence of the Iranian threat. To reporters in Beijing on July 8, Geng Shuang said that Iran's nuclear crisis was caused by pressure by the United States. Although criticizing the United States, on the other hand Beijing also regretted Tehran's decision to return to nuclear production before the 2015 agreement. China is one of the countries that signed the Nuclear agreement carried out during the administration of Barack Obama. Iran's statement to no longer comply with the 2015 agreement was also addressed by European countries. Foreign Ministers of European countries specifically discussed the crisis of Iran's nuclear agreement at their meeting in Brussels on July 15. The statement of the PRC Government and the reaction of European countries, shows that Tehran's move to play a nuclear issue to open diplomatic avenues, has quite an impact. Although the United States itself has not shown any reactions  towards this latest development.

15
July

President Joko Widodo delivered his first political speech since being elected President in the 2019 Presidential Elections. This speech was delivered at the Indonesia’s Vision event which took place at Sentul International Convention Center in Bogor, West Java on Sunday night (07/14/2019).In his speech, President Joko Widodo said that nowadays, humans live in a very dynamic global environment. So, he appealed to the Indonesian people to create innovation and abandon old ways, both in managing organizations, institutions, and in managing the government. According to him, Indonesia must become a country that is more productive, competitive and flexible in facing these changes. To this end, he emphasized several major stages, including infrastructure development, human resources, opening widest investment to create employment, reforming the bureaucracy, and guaranteeing the use of the state budget which is focused and targeted.In the first period of President Joko Widodo serving as President, infrastructure development was one of his priorities because it was related to his Nawacita program, namely building Indonesia from the periphery by strengthening regions and villages.By improving the human resources, he pointed out in his political speech that human resource development must be carried out by ensuring the health of pregnant women, infant health, toddler health, and health of school-age children because it is the golden age to produce superior Indonesian people in the future.The investment sector is also an important stage. By attracting a lot of foreign investors and streamlining complicated licenses, hopefully, this can open employment opportunities to a great extent for the people of Indonesia.In the field of bureaucratic reform, President Joko Widodo ensured that there are no more complicated bureaucratic services. Because according to him, the speed of serving, and the speed of giving permit are the keys to bureaucratic reform.The final stage in his speech is a guarantee in using the focused and targeted state budget so as to have benefits and improve welfare for the people.President Joko Widodo’s political speech, ‘Indonesia's vision’ shows his seriousness in resolving problems and tasks that must be completed in the second period of his leadership. Hopefully, all the hopes and visions that have been affirmed in his speech can be realized towards a more advanced and prosperous Indonesia.

15
July

President Joko Widodo claimed that he would actively present creative products of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises  to global markets amid sluggish economic conditions. After opening the Indonesian Creative Works exhibition held by Bank Indonesia at the Jakarta Convention Center in Senayan, Jakarta on Friday (12/7), President Joko Widodo said that this should be done so that Indonesia would still be able to take advantage of its exports. He viewed that the condition of the global economy and market is not indeed conducive. This makes the trade performance for a number of countries  slow down, including Indonesia, especially for products that are mass-produced by mainstream industries. Even so, he said that the opportunity for Indonesia to gain export profits is still possible. Providing that Indonesia enters the international market through creative economic products, such as handicrafts produced by Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. Amid the sluggish global economy and trade war, President Joko Widodo assessed that Indonesia needs to rely on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises’ products to be exported in addition to labor-intensive products that are commonly exported on a large scale. Moreover, Indonesian handicraft products are known to have premium quality to compete in the international arena. President Joko Widodo also appreciated Bank Indonesia –BI to have fostered hundreds of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises to produce several superior products. He is optimistic that with the distinctive Indonesian character inherent in every Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise that produces their products, there are increasingly open market opportunities abroad. Meanwhile, Governor of BI, Perry Warjiyo said that until this year, his side has built almost 900  Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises throughout Indonesia and some have gone digital to sell their products, both through social media and e-commerce.  Several of them have even managed to penetrate the international market. The Indonesian Creative Works 2019 exhibition with the theme,  “Encouraging Economic Growth through Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Go Export and Go Digital” took place at the JCC, Jakarta from 12 to 14 July 2019.