Maryati

Maryati

18
May

Covid-19 which began to hit Indonesia since early March this year resulted in the postponement of the Simultaneous Regional Head Election from September 23 to December 9, 2020. This was decided through Government Regulation in Lieu of Law signed by President Joko Widodo on May 4, 2020. It also accommodates the option of further postponement if the Covid-19 pandemic has not subsided and has the potential to disrupt the course of the elections.

The General Election Commission had submitted three scenarios to postpone the elections. First, the election is postponed for three months from the original plan, or carried out on December 9, 2020. The second scenario is for six months or around March 17, 2021; and the third one is for 12 months to 29 September 2021. The House of Representatives finally took the first option, which is 9 December 2020.

However, taking into account various considerations, this decision was considered by many related stakeholders as an impossible mission. An epidemiologist from the University of Indonesia, Syahrizal Syarif once said that it would take at least six months for life to return to normal after the pandemic is declared over. While at present, he said, the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia has not yet reached its peak. Related to the 2020 elections which are postponed until December 2020, Chairman of the General Election Commission, Arief Budiman during an online discussion entitled 'Building Democracy Amidst Pandemic', Friday (05/15) revealed pessimism it could be carried out if people‚Äôs discipline in conducting physical distancing is very low. According to Arief, the Commission must start the stages of the elections in early June 2020 so that the elections can be carried out on time. It is impossible to do if the Large-Scale Social Restrictions are still in place.

Organizing local elections especially simultaneously in several provinces, cities and districts throughout Indonesia is not an easy problem. It takes time and stages before reaching the actual implementation, starting from the selection of the voting committee, verification of the support requirements for individual candidates, the formation of voter data updating officers, as well as updating and preparing voter lists. All of these have to be postponed due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

Postponing the elections until the right time is a wise step to do since the government and related authorities will have more time to prepare themselves. Moreover, carrying out elections amidst the pandemic has the potential to increase spending, because each polling station must run health protocols, such as physical distancing, the provision of masks, gloves, hand sanitizers and thermo guns.

But delaying the democratic process for too long is not without risk. Because it means that delaying the determination of new regional heads and their ranks with all the accompanying policies is related to the future of a region.

Hopefully the Cocvid-19 pandemic ends soon.

15
May

The Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB) team developed a device for disinfection of reusable Personal Protective Equipment -PPE and disposable PPE. This is motivated by a variety of cases of medical personnel infected with COVID-19 while on duty, even though they have been equipped with appropriate PPE and good usage procedures. The team analyzed that the possibility of exposure occurred because of PPE management, both when interacting with patients and when changing PPE.

The team created a device that uses ozone gas as a disinfectant. Chief researcher Sri Harjati Suhardi, PhD said, there are two types of tools that are used according to their uses. The first one is a disinfectant device that uses ozone mist to sterilize reusable PPE after use, such as hazard clothes, face shields, and safety glasses. Whereas, the second tool uses ozone gas for disposable PPE, for example masks and gloves, before disposal. Both become effective tools because they can kill the virus within seven or ten seconds according to studies in disinfection of microorganisms.

In its use, PPE is only stored in tightly closed containers and there is very little contact with medical personnel when doing the sterilization process. The consideration for the selection of ozone because it is safe for humans does not leave residues, and will be transformed back into oxygen. Now the tool is already in the prototype stage and ready to be launched for mass production. It is hoped that this PPE cleaning and sterilization container device will become an alternative solution to solve the problem of protecting medical personnel and hospital management.

15
May

Haji Abdul Ghani mosque is the oldest mosque in Buru island, Karimun Regency, Riau Islands Province. It was built by king Abdul Ghani bin King Idris bin Haji Fisabililah, the first leader of Buru island,  in the mid-19th century.  Because it was built by Raja Abdul Ghani, so the mosque was also named the Abdul Ghani Hajj Mosque.  But many people called the mosque  as the Buru Mosque, because it is located in the island of Buru and close to the port of Buru Island, about 100 meters.

Haji Abdul Ghani Mosque has main room of 8 x 15 meters and a dome which is supported by four poles of 5 meter high. Perhaps,   the mosque was built by Chinese architect. Previously, the architect built a temple that is not far from the mosque. The Chinese influence can be seen from the existence of conical towers. At glance it is similar to incense combustion rooms in the Temple. The  Ventilation holes are also made of blue jade carved with the Chinese typical carving.

Buru mosque  has ever been renovated on part of the roof and terrace. Besides the originality of  the mosque is intentionally maintained. There is no significant renovation outside the two components. Including the existence of perigi or well, to take ablution of water. Perigi which has 4 stairs is still used and its original form is still maintained. The tower is still maintained its authenticity. Buru Mosque has a 21 meter tower with a diameter of 4 meters. The tower still stand  strong on the right side of the mosque. The main entrance door can be looked like an arch  of 2.3 meters high with 1.30  meters wide.

13
May

Financial Services Authority (OJK) revealed the total restructuration of banking industry credit surpassed 336.97 trillion rupiahs. The number was proposed by 3.88 million debtors affected by Covid-19 until May 10 2020. That was reported by OJK Commissioner Chairman Wimboh Santoso in online press conference with Financial System Stability Committee in Jakarta on Monday.

According to Wimboh, mostly was micro small medium enterprises around 167 trillion rupiahs from 3.42 million debtor. While the credit restructuration from financing companies until May 8 2020, total approved contracts for restructuring reached 1.32 million debtors amounting to 43 trillion rupiahs.

As reported by Antara news agency, Wimboh Santoso said, credit restructuring form was postponement of loan principal and interest for six months. The credit restructuring policy was expected not to give greater pressure towards nonperforming loans both in bank and financing companies.

Wimboh Santoso explained, with the restructuring, nonperforming loan from affected debtor will be deemed performing so that bank and financing institutions do not need to make reserve funds. According to him, reserve funds will only narrow down the space for capital, bank, and financing companies to expand and provide loan to customer.

Wimboh Santoso believed that credit restructuring can hold nonperforming loan from increasing. According to him, all bank and financing companies were enthusiastic to join this program. He assured, credit still grows because real sector still has credit facility. Besides, in the current situation, government needs additional credit so that the project under development can still run as expected.

Government previously decided to provide loan principal postponement and credit interest subsidy for six months from April 2020. Financial Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati previously revealed the amount of interest subsidy for micro small debtor under 500 million rupiahs was six percent for the first three months and three other percent for the next three months. While for small medium businesses with credit ranging from 500 million up to 10 billion rupiahs, the given subsidy is three percent for the first three months and two percent for the next three months.

Credit restructuring was expected to give support to debtor who proposed the facility. Government recorded, debtors at secondary banks were 1.62 million, were 20.02 million at banks, and 6.76 million at financing companies