Besides its beautiful beaches, Rote, one of regencies in East Nusa Tenggara, also has beautiful hill, namely  Mando’o, which is mentioned as Tangga 300 by local people because to reach the peak of the hill, there are around 365 stairs.   

One of specialties of the hill is the southernmost border between Indonesia and Australia, even it becomes border between Asian and Australian Continent. 

Mando’o hill is located at Kuli village which is rich with its agricultural products. To go there, you can be through El Tari airport in Kupang which is the capital city of East Nusa Tenggara, and then you may continue by plane to Rote Island.  

You can also use Ferry from Kupang to Ba’a City, Rote Island. From the city, you go to Mando’o hill, which takes around one and a half hours by land transportation.  

Arriving at Mando’o hill, you will be greeted by stairs. One by one up the stairs, at the peak of the hill, you will show amazing scenery. 

Here, there is also Lopo at a certain height for taking a rest.  Lopo is Rote typical construction which has a half circle roof with chairs surrounding the construction. To access the peak of the hill takes around 20 minutes on foot.  

In the Northern side of the hill, you can see Lole hill. While in the West, there are Kuli village and rice fields.  In the East, there is Keka hill with blue bay under the hill. In the South, there is Indian Ocean.


In the near future, Indonesian domestic industry players will produce 16,000 personal protective equipment (PPE) every day, based on the criteria of the World Health Organization -WHO. Indonesian Minister of Industry, Agus Gumiwang Kartasasmita, in a virtual press conference after a limited meeting in Jakarta on Wednesday (April 15) said that his office through the Textile Center of the Ministry of Industry has cooperated with the Task Force for the Acceleration of Handling Covid-19. The cooperation was also expanded by involving the Indonesian Textile Association. Besides PPE, Minister Agus Gumiwang also said that his side along with a number of industries is also making various efforts to develop ventilators.

The Ministry of Industry has coordinated with four groups of ventilator developers from the University of Indonesia, the Yogyakarta team consisting of Gajah Mada University, and a number of private companies. From the results of the coordination, it is certain that several groups of ventilator developers will start producing this April. He also explained, the Yogyakarta team actually spoke in the medium to long term. Besides handling Covid-19, in the future, they will produce high-grade ventilators. While other groups will produce low-cost ventilators.

When opening a limited meeting recently, President Joko Widodo said, the availability of medical devices, medicines and pharmaceutical raw materials amidst Covid-19 pandemic must be ensured sufficient for this moment and in the future. This includes  the availability of PPE for doctors and medical personnel. The reason is that currently more than 200 countries in the world are affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. Many countries in the world are  fighting  over the supply of medical devices and pharmaceutical goods to overcome the virus that attacks the respiratory tract.

President Joko Widodo asked the ranks of ministers and leaders of institutions to re-evaluate the entire potential of domestic industrial resources, such as the pharmaceutical raw materials industry, the Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) industry, masks, ventilators and others. He also reminded, exports of goods related to handling Covid-19 to be done selectively, because domestic needs  must be prioritized. In addition, the import of raw materials for making medical devices and pharmaceutical goods to handle Covid-19 must be facilitated.


The International Monetary Fund -IMF predicts the impacts of  the Corona virus or Covid-19 outbreak will be the worst recession since the Great Depression of the 1930s, or almost a century ago. This is very reasonable because due to the Covid-19 pandemic, almost all economic sectors in the world have been  totally paralyzed. Starting from the airlines to the manufacturing industry, the impacts have  reduced and even stopped operations and have to lay off employees. The reason is that  many countries in the world impose restrictions on the movement of their citizens to break this deadly virus chain of spread. 

The predicted negative global economic impact of the  Covid-19 pandemic certainly hits the global economic growth. Indonesia also undergoes the adverse effects. This year, the IMF predicts that the Indonesian economy will only grow 0.5% from the previous 5.0% in 2019. 

Behind the threat of economic recession as a result of the paralysized some economic sectors, there are sectors that have a great opportunity to be the driving force of the Indonesian economy during the Covid-19 pandemic. Economic researcher from the Institute for Development of Economics and Finance (Indef), Abra Tallatov in an online seminar in Jakarta on Friday night (17/4) stated this. According to him, they are the health sector and information communication technology (ICT) industry such as e-commerce or online trading. 

It’s worth knowing that during this pandemic, many people need medical equipment such as masks and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for medical staff, which are increasingly rare and expensive. This situation prompted several business sectors to become producers of medical devices. This transition, in addition to making it easier for the public and medical staff to obtain medical devices at affordable prices, also helps reduce unemployment. 

Besides the medical devices, e-commerce business is also a major public need for transactions in the Covid-19 pandemic. Because people are afraid to shop directly or offline,   some purchases are made online through an e-commerce platform. No wonder many local e-commerce platforms have emerged, especially to meet the needs for food. This helps consumers in the process of buying goods and farmers and traders market their wares. 

The Covid-19 pandemic indeed paralyzes the economy, but that does not mean people should  accept the situation with resignation. Many can be utilized and become a new source of income for people who are creative and can see opportunities. It is hoped, albeit indirectly, the opportunity can still increase national economic growth.




Indonesia's sea wealth is enormous and its sea area reaches 2.3 million square kilometers. If managed properly, Indonesia can be independent in producing sea fish without importing from other countries. In this regard, the student of the Sepuluh November Technology Institute (ITS), Alfian Bimanjaya tried to make a new breakthrough named the Fisheries Potential Information System -SIRIPIKAN in the international competition Esri Young Scholars Award 2020 last March. He won two achievements at the same time. He successfully came out as runner-up and he was favorite among the finalists.

SIRIPIKAN was made with the primary objective to provide geospatial information about the potential of fisheries to improve the effectiveness of fishing activities and fish distribution activities. In addition, SIRIPIKAN also comes with several spatial analysis features, such as proximity analysis, direction search, route, and travel time which are still rarely provided by other similar applications today. In making SIRIPIKAN, Alfian used remote sensing technology, specifically the Moderate Resolution Imaging Specter-radio-meter satellite imagery to determine the Potential Fishing Zones. Geographic Information System (GIS) Technology is also used to analyze and present geospatial information on the distribution of Potential Fishing Zones.

Alfian explained that from the features possessed, the use of SIRIPIKAN can be used by not only fishermen as a supplier of capture fish, but also distributors and fish traders. The community as fish consumers can also use this technology, as well as the government as the party that takes the policy. SIRIPIKAN still needs a lot of development, especially in terms of data updating. At present, information on Potential Fishing Zones is still available periodically on a monthly basis. In the future, SIRIPIKAN can provide Potential Fishing Zones information every week, even updated every day.