Maryati

Maryati

23
August

The United States of America tested medium-range cruise missiles on Sunday (18/8), a few weeks after withdrawing from the Cold War era nuclear treaty with Russia, Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF). The US Department of Defense reported that the missile was launched from the US Navy base on San Nicolas Island, California. The missile is capable of reaching distances of 500 to 5,500 kilometers. Data collected and lessons learned from this test will provide information for the development of medium-range missile capabilities for the US Department of Defense. After leaving INF on August 2, US President Donald Trump insisted that his side canceled the treaty because he suspected Russia violated a number of requirements. Russia and China have asked the United Nations Security Council (UN) to meet on Thursday (22/8) to discuss "statements by United States (US) officials to develop and use medium-range missiles". The two countries want to bring together 15 councilors on the agenda to discuss "threats to international peace and security. Moscow and Beijing have also asked Head of UN Disarmament Affairs, Izumi Nakamitsu to urge Washington to reconsider its missile development.Of course, the US medium-range missile test has raised international concern, especially when the United States has left the INF, because the treaty actually bans the development of missiles both conventional and modern nuclear that can reach between 500 to 5,500 kilometers. Since the United States disobeys the INF, some possibilities may happen next.A thorough ban on nuclear test is an indispensible step in achieving the goal of eliminating nuclear weapons both medium and long distance. Efforts by the international community to realize the ban on nuclear test have been carried out since the early years of the establishment of the United Nations -UN. In its development, the UN created the Partial Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (PTBT) in 1963. This treaty bans nuclear tests in the air, in space and at sea. Then, the Threshold Test-Ban Treaty (TTBT) created in 1976 also bans nuclear tests above a capacity of 150 kilotons, and the Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty in 1976 bans nuclear tests for military purposes.Of course in general, the world community and in particular, the international organizations such as the United Nations as the world's police must reach a binding consensus that development and nuclear test of any kinds must be prevented immediately. If not, this will trigger and exacerbate military tension either inter-nation or inter-continent. 

21
August

To commemorate the 74th Anniversary of Indonesian Independence Day, Bank Indonesia launched QRIS or Indonesian Standard QR Code in Jakarta on Saturday (17/8). QRIS is a Quick Response (QR) Code system for payment through server-based e-money app, e-wallet, or mobile banking that can be used in all smartphone app. In the launching, Bank Indonesia Governor Perry Warjiyo said, the use of QRIS will provide many benefits and easiness for the consumer. Among many were low and uniform costs among Payment System Service Provider (PJSP). This was seen from merchant discount rate for regular merchant. QRIS also aims to boost transaction efficiency, financial inclusion acceleration, and small-medium enterprises growth, which in the end can push economic growth. It is because QRIS is the only original QR from Indonesia, which hints that Indonesia will be a modern advanced country and has more revenue. The system launched was named “QRIS Unggul” which stands for Universal, easy, beneficial, and direct. QRIS itself was made by Bank Indonesia and Indonesian Payment System Association (ASPI) by using EMV Co.1 international standard. For early step, QRIS focuses on the implementation of QR Code Payment model Merchant Presented Mode (MPM) where merchant will display QR Code payment for the customer to scan during payment. Before the launching, standard technical specification of the QR Code and interconnection had passed the first stage test in September until November 2018, as well as the second stage test in April until May 2019. Later, the national QRIS will be effective on January 1 2020. It aims to provide preparatory transition period for Payment System Service Provider (PJSP).

21
August

Since the end of the Cold War, marked by the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the early 90s, the threat of a potential world war through a nuclear weapons has declined. The hegemony of 2 superpowers has disappeared, but fears of a nuclear war remain. It is known that several countries of the Soviet Union fraction are apparently still storing nuclear warheads which security is very doubtful. But Russia took over the position of the superpower after the breakup of the Soviet Union and continued to ask the United States to comply with the nuclear treaty agreement Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty-START I and II. The first was signed on July 31, 1991 by George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachov. This agreement is valid from 5 December 1994 and ends 5 December 2009. On 8 April 2010 START II was signed by Russia and America in Prague. After ratification, START II entered into force 5 February 2011 until 2021.But the nuclear threat came back after President Donald Trump declared his exit from the nuclear agreement in early August and shortly after August 18 the United States tested its new cruise missile.After the nuclear testing, the US Defense Ministry reported that the launch of missiles from the US Navy base on San Nicolas Island off the coast of Los Angeles, California was a success. According to the US government, the data collected and lessons learned from this trial will provide information for the development of medium-range missile capabilities carried out by the Ministry of Defense.Meanwhile, the US missile launch test will invite sharp criticism from UN Security Council members.The Chinese government criticized the test of land-based cruise missiles conducted by the United States (US). China assesses that it will have a serious negative impact on the international and regional security situation. According to a spokesman for the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Geng Shuang, Tuesday, August 20, what was done by the US will trigger a new round of arms races that will lead to increased military confrontation. Washington must let go of its cold war mentality to create a situation conducive to international and regional peace and tranquility.The effect of the missile test on the international community is the emergence of anxiety about the potential return of nuclear war. Although some countries such as North Korea, India, Pakistan have done the same thing,but the fear that emerged not as strong as the US and Russia did. Moreover, the world situation is currently being hit by various crises, ranging from the economic crisis, the energy crisis, especially fossil energy, and environmental problems that threaten the survival of the world's population.Hopefully what Russian President Putin has said, that there will be a "Global Disaster" if the US does not want to sit together again to discuss the nuclear agreement, will never become a reality.

19
August

The Ministry of Defense (Kemenhan), the Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing (PUPR), and the Police of the Republic of Indonesia (Polri) are the three ministries and institutions that will receive the largest portion of the budget in the 2020 Draft State Budget. This was affirmed by Minister of Finance Sri Mulyani in a press conference about the 2020 Draft State Budget and its Financial Note in Jakarta on Friday (16/8). She explained that the Ministry of Defense responsible for national defense will receive the largest budget allocation to reach Rp127.4 trillion, up 16.2 percent compared to this year's budget projection of Rp109.6 trillion. Meanwhile, the budget of the Ministry of PUPR is allocated Rp.120.2 trillion, and the Indonesian Police reach Rp90.3 trillion. Minister Sri Mulyani reasoned that the National Police budget allocation is also related to the need to secure the simultaneous regional head elections (Pilkada) in 2020.Meanwhile, the Ministry of PUPR will also receive more budget because the government raises the infrastructure budget by 4.9 percent. Minister Sri Mulyani said that the infrastructure budget would largely be used for the construction of new roads reaching 837 kilometers, 238 kilometers of railroad tracks, 6.9 kilometers of new bridges and 49 new dams.In addition to the three ministries/institutions, the next highest budget is the Ministry of Religious Affairs reaching Rp65.1 trillion, the Ministry of Social Affairs Rp62.8 trillion, the Ministry of HealthRp57.4 trillion and the Ministry of Transportation will reach Rp42.7 trillion.According to Minister Sri Mulyani, an increase in the budget is also given to the Ministry of Social Affairs by 9.7 percent, because an increase in the social assistance budget is provided by the government.Next year, the government will convert non-cash food assistance (BPNT) into a nine-basic necessity card containing assistance amounting to Rp150, 000 per month with a total budget of Rp28.1 trillion, an increase compared to the 2019 BPNT budget.In his speech when delivering the 2020 State Budget and Draft (RAPBN), President Joko Widodo said that the focus of the Draft State Budget is directed at five main points. The first point is strengthening the quality of human resources to realize healthy, smart, skilled and prosperous human resources. The second thing is the acceleration of infrastructure development supporting economic transformation. The third point is the strengthening of social protection programs to respond to the demographic challenges and anticipate aging populations. The fourth point is strengthening the quality of fiscal decentralization to encourage regional independence and the fifth point is anticipation of global uncertainty.