Despite finally winning the election, it doesn’t mean German Chancellor Angela Merkel can smile widely. A not-too-big win makes Merkel need a coalition to rule. The one thing that distracted her mind is that her partner during the last administration did not want to form a coalition anymore. Merkel's Party, the Christian Democrat Party-CDU and its coalition partner the Socialist party- CSU did not succeed in boosting the votes, they even suffered a decline. Another partner, the Social Democrat Party-SPD lead by Martin Schulz, said they were no longer in coalition with Merkel. Without coalition Melifies will lose the majority in Parliament.
The problem is, Merkel will not easily make a coalition with other parties such as AfD, for instance. . The ultra right party got 13 per cent of the votes in the election whiiiich makes AfD become the third largest power. AfD obviously can not be a coalition partner, because their political views contradicts with Merkel’s. Other parties, the FDP,the Left Party and the Green party despite showing votes increase, got much fewer votes compppared to AfD. Merkel is also not easily able to coalition with these parties because the FDP party is less suited to the Green party. In fact, coalitions with these parties, known as the Jamaican coalition, due to the parties’ flag colors, (Green of the Green party, Yellow of FDP party and Black of party CDU) are necessary.
The elections in Germany this time left at least two surprises. First the Party that has long been in government must accept the fact of the decline in vote. Secondly, the new party that carries the issue of anti-immigrants like AfD got a double-digit vote increase instead. It is expected that the government in Germany will continue to run well despite the difficulty of building coalitions. Because Germany is now a stabilizer in the EU region. The country continues to grow positively and significantly more than any other European country. Germany's stability also keeps the EU stable so that the Asian economies that are still flowing to other regions including the EU can be accommodated.
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Recently, there has been a rumor among Indonesians regarding large numbers of weapon procurement ordered by certain parties. Moreover, the ordered weapons are not in accordance with the standards used in Indonesia, both for the Indonesian Military (TNI) and the Indonesian Police. There are concerns that the thousands of weapons may be used for something that endangers the state security and resilience. Earlier, before some Indonesian Military (TNI) retired generals and former TNI commanders last week, the Indonesian Military Commander, General Gatot Nurmantyo said that there were thousands of weapons smuggling which are not for the Indonesian Military (TNI) and Indonesian Police. Later on, Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs, Wiranto in a press conference on Sunday 24 September confirmed that there were indeed 500 weapons purchase, not 5.000 as reported. He explained that this weapon is the procurement of National Intelligence Agency (BIN) and purchased from PT Pindad for intelligence school. Minister Wiranto added that the reason why the weapon is said to be smuggled or illegal is because it is not an Indonesian Military (TNI) standard. This is also why the National Intelligence Agency (BIN) does not need to ask permission to the Indonesian Military (TNI) Headquarters but to the Police Headquarters only. Minister Wiranto also stated that the issue of smuggling arms purchases occurred due to ‘incomplete inter-institution communication'.
Meanwhile, Director of Imparsial, an Indonesian NGO, Al Araf said that the statement of the Indonesian Military (TNI) Commander on smuggled weapons issue cannot be simplified as a mere miscommunication issue. Al Araf is of the opinion that this issue should be the President’s basic evaluation on the Indonesian Military (TNI) Commander. He assessed that such strategic information should be conveyed by the Indonesian Military directly to the President, not to the public. Apart from the issue on weapons smuggling, this incident also shows another side of Indonesia's strategic industry, PT PINDAD, which is capable of making weapons outside the context of diversity owned by the Indonesian Military (TNI) or Indonesian Police. The question is: is there a strict supervision of PT PINDAD related to its various strategic productions? This is important so that the issue on smuggled non-TNI and Police standard weapons will not happen again.
Dry season hits Indonesia again. The effects of climate change have made the cycles of seasons changing globally, including in Indonesia. The current dry season in Indonesia is increasingly widespread and its effects have made a lot of agricultural land damaged by lack of water and caused land and forest fires. The National Disaster Mitigation Agency –BNPB noted that 2,726 villages / districts in 105 districts / cities in Java and Nusa Tenggara are experiencing drought. In addition, fire spots from forest and land fires can be monitored in Sumatra, Kalimantan, East Nusa Tenggara and Java.
In a meeting with cabinet ministers related to the drought taking place at the Presidential Palace IN Jakarta on Tuesday (12 September), President Joko Widodo confirmed that the drought that hits Indonesia is not as bad as in 2015. At that time, it was directed by El Nino. The President also ordered ministers and institutions and governors to go to the field to see the current conditions and to take preventive steps immediately. One of the solutions mentioned by President Joko Widodo is related to water supply for drought-affected communities. Over the last two years, the government has built a number of reservoirs and dams to anticipate the disaster.
Meanwhile, Minister of Public Works and People's Housing, Basuki Hadipurnomo said that due to the current dry season, 57 reservoirs have water supply below normal and 6 reservoirs have dried up. While from 16 primary reservoirs, 10 of them are still normal and the 6 ones are below capacity. For clean water, Ministry of Public Works and People's Housing, in some areas have prepared clean water supply to drought-stricken residents.
Minister of Agriculture, Amran Sulaiman said that to face the dry season this year, his ministry guarantees food supply unaffected by drought because, the area of crops, especially rice has reached 4.6 hectares, while the irrigation area also rises 7.4 million hectares to ensure water supply for agricultural land.
Meanwhile, Minister of Environment and Forestry, Siti Nurbaya said that about 30 thousand hectares of forest and land in a number of areas in Indonesia is on fire and the most widespread spot of fire is in East Nusa Tenggara –NTT and Riau. She also stated that a number of areas have anticipated the preparation of 26 bombing planes to overcome land and forest fires.
Drought and forest fires are a crucial problem during dry season in Indonesia. Thus, anticipatory steps are needed. Planning with the construction of a number of reservoirs has been prepared by the government these days. In addition, the government is also expected to provide direction to farmers related to climate change that occurs today. Coordination and cooperation of the Meteorological and Geophysical Climatology Agency, the Ministry of Agriculture and the National Disaster Mitigation Agency –BNPB are urgently needed to anticipate climate change which in turn makes changes to the cropping pattern of the farmers and the types of plants to be planted. Positive directives from stakeholders in anticipation should be faster and effective so that the effects of drought can be reduced.