Editorial https://voinews.id Tue, 16 Apr 2024 20:36:52 +0700 Joomla! - Open Source Content Management en-gb President Joe Biden Criticizes Israel's Approach to War in Gaza https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28213-president-joe-biden-criticizes-israel-s-approach-to-war-in-gaza https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28213-president-joe-biden-criticizes-israel-s-approach-to-war-in-gaza

The United States President, Joe Biden. (Photo: Reuters)


President of the United States, Joe Biden criticized Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu's approach to the conflict in Gaza, calling it a mistake. He also criticized Israel's handling of the conflict. According to President Joe Biden, Israel should call for a cessation of fighting to facilitate the delivery of humanitarian aid.

President Biden's statement was one of the harshest criticisms from the United States, Israel's close ally. Last week, in a phone call with PM Netanyahu, President Biden diplomatically called the overall humanitarian situation in Gaza “unacceptable.” He also demanded Israel implement specific and concrete steps in a bid to address civilian losses and ensure the safety of all humanitarian aid workers. President Biden then threatened to reassess "US policy with respect to Gaza" if PM Netanyahu failed to take immediate action to protect humanitarian aid workers and civilians. President Biden's threat came following an Israeli airstrike that killed seven staff of the World Central Kitchen aid group.


So far, all international criticism and pressure have never been heeded by Israel. However, this is not the case when it comes from its closest ally, the United States. At the moments after the telephone conversation with President Joe Biden, PM Netanyahu took several steps to try to answer at least some of President Biden's demands. He hastily convened a Cabinet meeting to approve the opening of three aid routes to Gaza.


Apart from conveying harsh criticism of Israel, the United States has also reduced its diplomatic support for Israel by abstaining from the ceasefire resolution at the UN Security Council last month, thereby allowing the resolution to pass.


It is hoped that this kind of harsh criticism from the US government will continue to be carried out to encourage changes in Israel's approach to the conflict in Gaza. The United States should take more serious steps in that direction. One way is by reducing or placing stricter conditions on US arms sales to Israel. In addition, the US could also take steps to limit military assistance. If the US dares to take this serious step, Israel may immediately change its approach to the conflict in Gaza.

Editorial Fri, 12 Apr 2024 16:31:07 +0700
This Year's Eid al-Fitr and Indonesian Economic Turnover https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28212-this-year-s-eid-al-fitr-and-indonesian-economic-turnover https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28212-this-year-s-eid-al-fitr-and-indonesian-economic-turnover

Muslims attend Eid al-Fitr prayers in Matraman, East Jakarta on Monday (2/5/2022). (Photo: RRI/Charlie Reinhard)


Joy colors the Eid al-Fitr celebration. Every Muslim worldwide certainly feels happiness every time they celebrate Eid al-Fitr. Not only because Muslims have observed fasting and other religious observances a month before, in the month of Ramadan, but Eid al-Fitr is a long-awaited moment to meet family, relatives, and friends.

Most Indonesians, who are predominantly Muslim, have a tradition of celebrating Eid al-Fitr, or what is popularly known in Indonesia as Lebaran, with extended families, both in their residence and hometown. For those celebrating in their hometown, they started traveling back to their hometown a few days before Eid, known in Indonesian as "mudik".


This year's mudik is predicted to be the most festive compared to previous years. As the Indonesian Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment, Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan, wrote on his Instagram account on April 8, "This is the most festive mudik in history."


It is estimated that 193.6 million people are doing the mudik. It means almost 70 percent of Indonesians spend some of their money in their hometowns to celebrate Eid al-Fitr. As reported from rri.co.id on Monday (8/4), the Indonesian Minister of Tourism and Creative Economy, Sandiaga Uno revealed a conservative target for money turnover during mudik and Eid al-Fitr this year of 276 trillion rupiahs, or about 17.3 billion US dollar, originating from mudik travelers spread across all regions in Indonesia.


Public spending during Eid will significantly increase Indonesia's economic growth in the first quarter of 2024. Besides that, it will increase local revenue in each region. What is no less important is that many micro, small, and medium businesses will enjoy public spending during this Eid period. It is hoped that their income during 2024 Eid al-Fitr can become capital for their business sustainability.


Hopefully, the joy of celebrating Eid al-Fitr by spending some money will be able to realize Indonesia's 2024 economic growth target of 5.2 percent. It is also hoped that the joy of celebrating Eid with family and relatives will increase the Indonesian's enthusiasm to improve their work performance, which in turn will increase their income.

Editorial Wed, 10 Apr 2024 16:11:32 +0700
Eid Brings Blessings for All https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28195-eid-brings-blessings-for-all https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28195-eid-brings-blessings-for-all

Locals make ketupat to sell at the Peunayong traditional market, Banda Aceh, Aceh on Tuesday (9/4/2024). (Photo: ANTARA/Irwansyah Putra)


After fasting during the month of Ramadan, Muslims worldwide celebrate Eid al-Fitr, which marks the end of fasting from eating and drinking, including Muslims in Indonesia. Although the celebration of Eid al-Fitr is different for those who believe in it, the main purpose of the celebration is to purify the heart like a newborn baby to the world. Fasting is not just about restraining the lust for food and drink, but also being able to control and train emotions, and thoughts from excessive desires that tend to be negative.

This year's Eid al-Fitr may be a little special for Indonesians, mainly because it coincides with the end of the general elections, which are presidential-vice presidential and parliamentary elections - both at the central and regional parliaments. After the elections, the election dispute trial takes place at the Constitutional Court (MK) in Jakarta. The outpouring of emotions, joy, sadness, accusations, and hatred during the campaign period and after voting can be at least reduced and even muted in the month of Ramadan.


The existence of Eid al-Fitr also offers joy for some Indonesians, especially those who work as public servants, private employees, etc. Because they get additional funds for holiday allowance -THR. The government provides the holiday allowance to its employees, while the private sector provides it in accordance with government directives by referring to existing regulations. Indeed, such an allowance can boost the national economy, especially with the support of 'Mudik' or homecoming activities that have made the economy move and the circulation of money go well. Everything becomes interrelated and symbiotic mutualism with the existence of THR and Eid al-Fitr.


Eid celebrations also affect not only Muslims in Indonesia but also all people of other religions. The movement of the economy also makes non-Muslims feel the impact of Eid. They also enjoy the positive economic effects of Ramadan and Eid celebrations, such as the strengthening demand for food, clothing, and other necessities. Thus, the fashion industry and garments, as well as intercity and interisland trade increases, especially with the movement of online trade which makes all aspects of the industry, small, medium, and large, enjoy the blessings of Ramadan and Eid.


Tolerance also grows during Ramadan when all parties understand that Ramadan reduces work activities, as well as the activities of stalls and restaurants. They reduce their opening hours even though they open by using certain methods to respect the Muslim community fasting in the morning and evening. Thus, Ramadan, which ends with Eid al-Fitr, should be a way to reunite the people of Indonesia who have different views during the recent elections. By fasting during the month of Ramadan and ending with the Eid al-Fitr celebration, Muslims should forgive each other, both Muslim and non-Muslim brothers and sisters. May this Eid al-Fitr 1445 Hijri bring blessings to all.

Editorial Tue, 09 Apr 2024 17:18:07 +0700
Pellegrini wins election in Slovakia https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28194-pellegrini-wins-election-in-slovakia https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28194-pellegrini-wins-election-in-slovakia

Peter Pellegrini while still the prime minister of Slovakia in 2019. (Photo: Wikimedia Commons/European Parliament)


Peter Pellegrini won the presidential election of Slovakia on Saturday (6/4), defeating opposition-backed diplomat Ivan Korcok. Ivan Korcok admitted the defeat since the almost complete election result showed he got 47 percent of the votes while Pellegrini got 53 percent.

In Bratislava, Pellegrini convinced the public that Slovakia would stay with peace, not war. Earlier, Pellegrini said whatever the election result is, Slovakia will keep being a strong member of the European Union and NATO.


Although most of the title will be ceremonial, the president of Slovakia has the power to ratify international agreements, veto the constitution ratified by the parliament, and appoint a supreme judge. The position is also the Commander of the Army. Pellegrini will be sworn in on June 15.


Prime Minister Robert Fico welcomes Pellegrini's win in the presidential election. Fico supported Pellegrini as a moderate candidate who recognizes peace values.


Pellegrini's affirmation of Slovakia's position in the Russia-Ukraine War that will prioritize peace should be something since the war broke out in February 2022. Slovakia, through Prime Minister Fico, had stopped war support for Ukraine. But, along with Czech, Slovakia opened doors for hundreds of refugees from Ukraine.


After stopping military support, Fico also implied his support for peace talks between Ukraine and Russia. Pellegrini's win as the president, along with Robert Fico as the Prime Minister, is expected to push forward the peace process between Russia and Ukraine.


Besides, Pellegrini's win is also expected to encourage bilateral cooperation with Indonesia. Until now, Indonesia and Slovakia have established tight diplomatic relations since 1993 and cooperated in various sectors. Slovakia plays an important role as an entrance for Indonesian products to the European Union. Slovakia also can press forward with the acceleration of the Indonesia-EU CEPA, which is expected to finish immediately.

Editorial Mon, 08 Apr 2024 16:08:13 +0700
South Korean Legislative Election and Fake Information https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28191-south-korean-legislative-election-and-fake-information https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28191-south-korean-legislative-election-and-fake-information

South Korea's main opposition Democratic Party leader Lee Jae-myung casts his ballot during early voting at a polling station in Daejeon on Friday (5/4/2024), ahead of next week's parliamentary elections. (Photo: AFP/Yonhap)


South Korean legislative elections will be held on April 10, 2024, to elect 300 members of parliament or the National Assembly. The election comes nearly two years after conservative President, Yoon Suk-yeol won the 2022 presidential election, defeating Democrat Lee Jae-myung by a margin of 0.73%.

According to predictions, the legislative elections in April 2024 will be very tight. The two major parties, namely the ruling People's Power Party (PPP) and the opposition Democratic Party (DP), are ready to engage in a fierce battle to win the most parliament seats.


The ruling PPP is very intent on achieving victory in the upcoming elections. For this party, it is necessary to win a majority of parliamentary seats so that government policies can run smoothly without obstruction from the opposition. So far, government policies have often been obstructed by the opposition in parliament, which dominates the assembly.


Meanwhile, the opposition party, which narrowly lost the 2022 presidential election, wants to win this April's election to maintain its majority in the assembly.


Even though it is only to elect representatives to the National Assembly, this election seems to be a battle between President Yoon Suk-yeol and the Chairman of the Democratic Party, Lee Jae-myung, as in the previous presidential election.


For President Yoon Suk-yeol, winning the majority of parliamentary seats must be achieved to support his strategic policies. So far, they have not received legislative or National Assembly support, because the opposition controls almost 60 percent of all parliamentary seats. If he fails to achieve a parliamentary majority, strategic policies in the remaining two years of Yoon's leadership will be hampered by the opposition in the parliament.


This election will also be a reality test for the Democratic Party's main opposition leader, Lee Jae-myung. Success in this election could provide the momentum needed to confirm his re-nomination in the 2027 presidential election.


Two major parties are carrying out campaigns to attract the sympathy of the South Korean people. Unfortunately, the implementation of the campaign was overshadowed by the problem of false information. According to Yonhap news agency, as of March 18, there were more than 400 allegations of criminal activity related to the election, with 676 people named suspects. Of the total number of cases, 352 involved spreading false information.


Less than a week before South Korea's parliamentary elections on April 10, authorities have vowed to take firm action against anyone who tries to influence the election results by spreading false information.


Firm action against spreaders of false information needs to be taken, because false information in any country, including South Korea, has significant implications for the integrity of elections. False Information prevents voters from making decisions based on factual information.

Editorial Fri, 05 Apr 2024 17:15:11 +0700
Humanitarian Aid Attacked, Gaza Urgently Needs Ceasefire https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28167-humanitarian-aid-attacked-gaza-urgently-needs-ceasefire https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28167-humanitarian-aid-attacked-gaza-urgently-needs-ceasefire

Humanitarian aid being airdropped from a Jordanian military aircraft over the northern Gaza Stripon Sunday (31/3/2024), amid ongoing battles between Israel and the Palestinian group Hamas. (Photo: AFP/Jordanian Army)


The delivery of aid in Gaza was thrown into chaos on Saturday after an Israeli attack. Paramedics from the Red Crescent reported that 5 people died in the attack. Meanwhile, hundreds of thousands of people in Gaza are currently in dire need of assistance after being bombarded by Israel for 6 months.

Two charity organizations have arranged to send aid by sea from Cyprus and set sail on Saturday. Organizers said the aid, repeatedly delayed due to bad weather, was carrying around 400 tonnes of supplies.


Previously, the UN high court had ordered Israel to allow the aid entrance. Meanwhile, the UN Security Council had also adopted a resolution demanding an immediate ceasefire. However, this was proven to remain the same in the field.


Neither Israel nor Hamas could reach an agreement to a ceasefire in indirect talks in Qatar. They are just blaming each other.


Still, there seems to be a glimmer of hope, with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Friday giving the green light to a new round of talks with negotiators expected to resume their talk this Monday.


It cannot be denied that negotiations are difficult to carry out if both parties are still prioritizing their respective egos and ignoring the thousands of people who have become victims in this conflict. All parties should forward discussions leading to a ceasefire, to achieve peace in Gaza. Their egos are no longer important when compared to the thousands of victims who have fallen and the humanitarian disaster caused by a prolonged war.


A ceasefire supported by the release of hostages in accordance with UN resolutions could be an important point capable of saving millions of Palestinian lives who are currently threatened not only by war but also by hunger.

Editorial Mon, 01 Apr 2024 17:24:36 +0700
Development Progress of the Capital City of Nusantara https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28153-development-progress-of-the-capital-city-of-nusantara https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28153-development-progress-of-the-capital-city-of-nusantara

Development in the Central Government Core Area (KIPP) of Indonesia's new capital city of Nusantara in North Penajam Paser Regency, East Kalimantan on Monday (12/2/2024). (Photo: ANTARA/Rivan Awal Lingga)


Construction of the new capital city of Indonesia, Nusantara, continues. Nusantara Capital City Authority - OIKN on Tuesday (26/3) launched the city's Biodiversity Management Master Plan. This is an effort to ensure that the development of the new national capital goes hand in hand with environmental preservation.

Head of the the authority, Bambang Susantono, in Jakarta on Tuesday said the capital city construction in East Kalimantan was often criticized because it was considered to have the potential to damage the environment. However, he emphasized that the construction proves Indonesia's commitment to restoring Kalimantan's tropical forests, with one of the strategies being the protection and management of biodiversity.


Indeed, the development of Nusantara is a matter of concern, not only for people in the country but also for several countries – especially those ready to invest in Nusantara.


Nusantara's construction is targeted for completion in 2045. Currently, construction is still in the first stage. The Indonesian government is targeting the first phase of capital city relocation with its various functions to be executed this year. One of that was marked by holding a ceremony for Indonesia's 79th anniversary of independence, on August 17, 2024.


The groundbreaking for various important projects has been carried out in five stages. The sixth stage is planned to be implemented in May. When presiding over the groundbreaking ceremony for phase five on February 29, Indonesian President Joko Widodo estimated that in 10 years, Nusantara would have become a vibrant city inhabited by many people.


For the initial stage of relocation, the Presidential Palace has been built in Nusantara. It is reported that construction has reached more than 70%. Meanwhile, construction of the ministries building and ministerial housing is targeted for completion in June 2024.


The government continues to show high optimism for the development of Nusantara. Construction of important buildings, such as the House of Representatives (DPR) building, is scheduled to start in 2025. Housing for civil servants has also begun to be prepared. This high confidence is not only shown by the government. Investors committed to developing Nusantara into a world city have also taken concrete steps. One of them is forming the Nusantara Capital City Investor Forum. This forum was formed to accelerate the investment process in the city.


Several countries, including Malaysia, Singapore, and China, have expressed their interest in being involved in the development of the Capital City of Nusantara (IKN). This adds confidence that the construction of Indonesia's new capital city can be completed according to the target.


Certainly, the development of Nusantara is more than just about pursuing a set time target. More importantly, the realization of Nusantara will improve the welfare of the Indonesian people in the future, especially the people around it.

Editorial Wed, 27 Mar 2024 17:56:46 +0700
Towards the 2024 Election Dispute Trials https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28152-towards-the-2024-election-dispute-trials https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28152-towards-the-2024-election-dispute-trials

A trial conducted by the Indonesian Constitutional Court on Wednesday (24/5/2023). (Photo: RRI/Ryan Suryadi)


The Indonesian General Election Commission (KPU) officially released the results of the 2024 election on March 20, 2024. However, the decision is still not binding because there are certainly parties who have objections to the 2024 election results announced by the KPU.


It is inevitable that disputes over election results will occur based on the KPU's announcement. Because, the resolution of this problem will lead to the Indonesian Constitutional Court (MK). Regarding this matter, the Constitutional Court registrar, Muhidin, as quoted on the court's website, said that the deadline for submitting applications for the 2024 simultaneous general election results dispute is no later than 3 x 24 hours from the general election's announcement. This time limit applies to requests for disputes over the results of the presidential & vice presidential election as well as the election of members of the house of representatives, namely People's Representative Council (DPR), Regional People's Representative Council (DPRD), and Regional Representatives Council (DPD).


Submission of dispute requests starts from 15 February until 23 March 2024, and then verification is carried out. The initial trial of the dispute will begin on March 27, 2024 and the verdict will be read on April 22, 2024. In the court's official statement, the Constitutional Court is given 14 working days to resolve disputes over the results of the presidential and vice presidential elections, and 30 working days to resolve disputes over the results of the legislative elections.


Meanwhile, regarding election disputes, member of the supervisory board of the Association for Elections and Democracy (Perludem), Titi Anggraini, said that internal control and supervision should run effectively to spare no chance for judges involved in handling disputes over general election results carrying out transactional or deviant actions. Because, this could have a negative impact on the credibility and integrity of the Constitutional Court in the eyes of the public in handling disputes over the results of the 2024 elections.


The Constitutional Court is the final gateway in resolving democratic disputes in Indonesia. Neutrality, honesty, integrity, justice and propriety are very important in decision making. Negative influences in issuing decisions must be overcome by the court judges. They must avoid politics of revenge or pressure to change the outcome of the verdict. Besides, petitioners in election disputes must also be able to prove concrete and valid evidence to the Constitutional Court judges. So, what is proposed is a reality that must be resolved by the Constitutional Court in seeking a solution and to formulating an appropriate and fair verdict. However, if the Constitutional Court has decided the outcome of the dispute based on the evidence submitted and referring to the applicable rules/law, the losing party must be ready to accept it sincerely.

Editorial Tue, 26 Mar 2024 17:33:26 +0700
UN Security Council Fails to Create a Resolution for Palestine https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28148-un-security-council-fails-to-create-a-resolution-for-palestine https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28148-un-security-council-fails-to-create-a-resolution-for-palestine

The United Nations Security Council meeting room. (Photo: Wikimedia Commons/Patrick Gruban)


The UN security council again failed to make a peace resolution in Palestine. Finally, the United States (US) on Friday (22/3) submitted a draft, stating that the Security Council would support the importance of an immediate and sustainable ceasefire and, for the first time, condemned Hamas attack on October 7.

The resolution offer was vetoed by Russia and China. Russia believed that the US resolution did not emphasize anything to restrain Israel and provided opportunities for Israeli impunity for its atrocities in Palestine.


Meanwhile, China thinks the US draft avoided the most central issue, namely a ceasefire, through ambiguous language. The resolution is also considered not to provide an answer to the realization of a ceasefire in the short term.


Russia, China and Algeria will submit a tougher draft resolution. The draft was originally planned to be discussed on Saturday (23/3) but was postponed until Monday (25/3).


The number of victims resulting from the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has now reached more than 32,000 deaths. This figure continues to creep up in line with the failure to achieve a peaceful resolution between Israel and Palestine by the UN Security Council.


A number of negotiations have been carried out facilitated by Egypt and Qatar, but up to now, no clear point has been reached that would result in peace and a ceasefire in Palestine.


The failure of the UN Security Council to produce a peace resolution for Palestine has again raised questions about the institution's credibility.


Security Council reform is also one of the things that needs to be encouraged again considering the failure of the UN Security Council to produce a peace agreement for Palestine and Israel.


The UN Security Council is an institution established to ensure international peace and security. Its members consisted of the Allies that won World War II, namely the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and China, and then added six non-permanent members elected by the general assembly. However, since the end of World War II until now the world has changed a lot. So there needs to be adjustments or reforms.


Various parties including the Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs Retno Marsudi and UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres have often raised the UN Security Council reform issue.


The UN Security Council must contain countries that have a high commitment to world peace and can use their power to create it. This institution should not filled by countries that have dual interests and prioritize unilateral interests.


The Palestinian people were currently looking forward to the success of efforts to achieve peace so that they can recover and recover from the trauma caused by the Israeli-Palestinian war. They needed immediate assistance to face various threats caused by the war including hunger and death.


Editorial Mon, 25 Mar 2024 17:49:04 +0700
Chinese Foreign Minister's Meeting with Australian PM Stabilizes Relations between the Two Countries https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28140-chinese-foreign-minister-s-meeting-with-australian-pm-stabilizes-relations-between-the-two-countries https://voinews.id/index.php/component/k2/item/28140-chinese-foreign-minister-s-meeting-with-australian-pm-stabilizes-relations-between-the-two-countries

Australian Prime Minister, Anthony Albanese (left) smiles as Chinese Foreign Minister, Wang Yi signs a visitors book prior to their meeting in Canberra, Australia on Wednesday (20/3/2024). (Photo: AFP/David Gray)


Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi met Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese in Canberra, Australia on Wednesday (20/3). The meeting with Albanese was part of Wang Yi's working visit to Australia.

Foreign Minister Wang Yi said, thanks to the strategic leadership of the two countries, the obstacles faced in China-Australia relations have been overcome one by one. Meanwhile, outstanding issues are being resolved and impeding new China-Australia relations.


Wang Yi also said that since China-Australia relations have returned to the right track, the two countries should move forward without hesitation.


Meanwhile, PM Albanese stated that Australia was pleased to see that Australia-China relations had returned to the right direction in the last two years, with trade, investment, and people-to-people exchanges strengthening again.


Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi's visit to Australia shows the re-warming of bilateral relations between the two countries after experiencing rifts over the last 3 years. Problems between the two countries arose in 2018 after Australia excluded Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei from its national 5G internet network over security reasons. Tensions peaked in 2020 when the Australian government demanded an investigation into the origins of the Coronavirus in Wuhan. The Chinese government believes the Australian government's stance is politically motivated. As a result, China responded in the form of restrictions on a number of Australian export commodities and stopping coal imports.


Signs of improving relations between the two countries began to appear last year when in November 2023 Australian PM Anthony Albanese visited China.


Even though tensions between the two countries have subsided, both admit that points of difference still need to be resolved, including the case of writer Yang Hengjun. A Beijing court gave the Chinese-Australian writer a suspended death sentence after being found guilty of espionage. Apart from that, human rights issues, including in Xinjiang, Tibet and Hong Kong, are also still points of dispute that need to be resolved by the two countries.


Even though there are still problems, the success of the two countries in stabilizing bilateral relations by putting aside several points of dispute that have yet to be resolved should be appreciated. This was of course achieved through dialogue efforts several months ago. PM Anthony Albanese has implemented a positive dialogue policy with China. Meanwhile, China is also proactively continuing contacts with Australia in multilateral forums.


Both countries showed the world that disputes or tensions can be resolved through dialogue, not by mutual show of force.

Editorial Fri, 22 Mar 2024 17:25:30 +0700