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Monday, 19 March 2018 11:54

Jambia, Mandar traditional weapon, West Sulawesi

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Indonesia  is a rich country in cultural diversity. The diversity is formed by a lot of tribes who live in Indonesian regions and spread out on various islands. Every tribe has tradition, regional language, art, regional songs, traditional houses, including traditional clothes. In general, every traditional cloth is completed with traditional weapon; Take for examples: Golok from Jakarta or Betawi, Kujang from West Java, Piso Surit from North Sumatra, Rencong from Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, and many others. West Sulawesi province has various kinds of tribes such as Mandar, Pattae, Pannei, and Pattinjo. Mandar tribe has traditional weapon, namely Jambia. In the past, farmers used the weapon for hunting or killing animals which damaged their plants. The weapon was also used as protection for them who wander. Jambia is a traditional weapon similar with Badik or knife. Its form is quite wide at the middle and its tip is sharp. Jambia has two types, namely Jambia Baine for woman and Jambia Muane for man. Compared to Badik from another region in South Sulawesi, the characteristic of Jambia can be seen whether it has Cipiq or Bisaq. Cipiq is a mark on Jambia which is split into edges. While, Bisaq is a mark to split two parts of Tondong or  the Cak of Badik, and penetrates from above until bottom. In old belief, the second characteristic is considered good to be used for trade and farming, because it is believed to get a lot of luck. The names of the Jambia’s parts are Pulu or head of Jambia which functions as handle and Oting is the part at the base that is planted inward on Pulu, Tondong, Seqde, and Uyung or tip of Jambia. While its cover is called ‘Guma’.

Read 1985 times Last modified on Wednesday, 21 March 2018 05:47