Special Interview
Video Streaming

Editorial (904)



As of last Wednesday(7/12), Dina Ercilia Boluarte Zegarra officially took office as the new President of Peru after former president Pedro Castillo was impeached hours after he tried to dissolve parliament. Dina Boluarte who previously served as vice president was sworn in as President after a dramatic day in Lima, Peru's capital. Boluarte became the first female president in the country's history.

Prior to his impeachment, former President Castillo saidthathe would replace congress with an "extraordinary emergency government" which he said was aimed at re-establishing the rule of law and democracy. According to Castillo, a new congress with constituent powers to draft a new constitution would be formed in no more than nine months. However, the congress controlled by parties opposed to Castillo held an emergency session followed by an impeachment vote that Castillo tried to prevent.The congress accused Castillo of mutiny and then arrestedhim. According to local media,Castillo was arrested while he was heading to the Mexican embassy in the capital Lima.

Peru has gone through a difficult political period, with many presidents ousted from office in recent years. Castillo, a former left-wing school teacher, was elected in June 2021 in a polarizing election in which he defeated his right-wing rival Keiko Fujimori.Recently, he has been fighting corruption charges, which he says are part of a plot to overthrow him. Castillo became the third president since 2018 to be removed under the "morally incapacitated" provision in the constitution.

Meanwhile, President Dina Boluarte stated she would rule until July 2026, when Castillo's presidency should end. In her oath,Dina Boluarte saidthatshe would faithfully assume the office of president, in accordance with Peru's Political Constitution. After taking the oath of office, Boluarte called for a political ceasefire to address the crisis gripping the country.

Hopefully,the new Peruvian government, led by a female president, will be able to overcome the political crisis that has been going on in the country since 2016.In addition,the economic crisis and rising prices caused by the war between Russia and Ukrainecan also be solved.



The Indonesian nation is currently in mourning. On November 21, an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.6 hit the Cianjur area, West Java Province. 334 people died and more than 100 thousand people were displaced by the earthquake.

Having not finished yet facing the impact of the Cianjur earthquake, Mount Semeru in East Java Province on December 4 spewed hot clouds as high as more than 5 thousand meters. Volcanic hot clouds and ash spread in the surrounding area, causing thousands of people to flee. There are even 3 hamlets buried in volcanic ash. So far, no fatalities have been reported.

The Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (PVMBG) raised the status of Mount Semeru from 'Alert' to 'Caution' or from Level III to Level IV. The public are advised not to carry out activities within a 13-kilometer radius of the eruption center, because there are fears that the hot clouds will spread more widely.

Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are not strange to the people of Indonesia. Geographically, Indonesia is an archipelagic country located at the confluence of four tectonic plates, namely the Eurasian plate, the Indo-Australian Continent, the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. In addition, Indonesia is located in the Ring of Fire zone where there are many active volcanoes. This geographical aspect causes Indonesia to be prone to earthquakes and tsunamis. Indonesia is said to have an earthquake rate 10 times compared with the United States. In fact, Indonesia is ranked first in the threat of a tsunami according to data from the United Nations Disaster Risk Reduction.

The Indonesian people are still learning from the various natural disasters that have occurred, how to prepare themselves for the impact of disasters. Maybe, the government is more prepared regarding disaster mitigation. This can be seen from the speed with which the logistical aid was distributed and the preparation of the evacuation sites. Meanwhile, the number of fatalities can also be minimized. This can be seen from the absence of reports of deaths due to the eruption of Mount Semeru. The local government, assisted by officers from the central government, the Indonesian Armed Forces –TNI, and the National Police -Polri, was swiftly able to evacuate residents from the disaster area.

But actually, the most important thing is preparing residents for disaster mitigation. They must be given knowledge that they live in an area with the potential for natural disasters. They should also be given knowledge of what to do if a disaster occurs or if there are signs that a natural phenomenon is about to occur. In this way, casualties can be avoided.



India and the United States troops on Wednesday (30/11) held joint exercises near the disputed zone with China which is commonly called the Line of Actual Control (LAC). Interestingly, this exercise took place amid increasing tensions between India and Beijing.

The Indian Ministry of Defense, as quoted by voaindonesia (30/11) said, the exercise which lasted for 15 days focused on reconnaissance and warfare skills in the mountains. This includes evacuation of victims and medical assistance during wartime in bad terrain and climatic conditions. In addition, there were also humanitarian assistance, disaster management, and operations related to peacekeeping.

The Chinese government is very concerned about this joint military exercise between India and the United States. According to Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson, Zhao Lijian, as quoted from (01/12/2022), the military exercise called Yudh Abhyas was considered to have violated the bilateral agreement that India had signed with China in 1993 and 1996. Zhao added that what India was doing with the United States would only complicate its bilateral rapprochement with China.

The negotiations on the border dispute between the two countries, which began in 2021, did not go smoothly and have not produced results. China and India blamed each other for the failure of the talks.

China says India is making unrealistic demands. Meanwhile, India has accused China of launching aggressive attacks on its territory since clashes that claimed lives in 2020.

Even though things didn't go well, on July 20, 2022, China and India agreed to handle border conflicts in a spirit of togetherness and equal partnership.

It is feared that joint Indian-US troop exercises could undermine this spirit in resolving territorial disputes between China and India.

Both China and India should comply with what was agreed on July 20, 2022. Both sides need to continue to maintain effective communication and prioritize dialogue in handling problems. They should refrain from carrying out any actions or activities in the disputed area that have the potential to provoke one of the parties.



Indonesia has succeeded in carrying out the mandate of the G20 Presidency. Indonesia has not only successfully held hundreds of meetings up to the Summit, but has also achieved concrete results for a number of projects and strategic issues. The G20 Summit adopted and ratified the G20 Bali Leaders Declaration. In addition to the declaration, the Indonesian Presidency has also produced concrete deliverables which contain a list of cooperation projects for the G20 member countries and the invitees. This cooperation project will help ground the work of the G20 closer to the people.

President Joko Widodo expressed his joy at Indonesia's success in carrying out the mandate of the G20 presidency which had succeeded in ratifying the agreement of the G20 leaders. This was conveyed by the Head of State in a Limited Meeting on Evaluation of the Implementation of the G20 Summit at the Presidential Office in Jakarta, Monday afternoon (28/11). President Joko Widodo's satisfaction with the success was expressed by saying that the closed meeting was not an evaluation, but a thanksgiving meeting.

Indonesia certainly cannot continue to sink into the euphoria of success. Furthermore, concrete steps must be implemented immediately. Quoting the Cabinet Secretary's official website, Monday (28/11), President Joko Widodo asked his aides to immediately execute all programs and initiatives that had been agreed upon during the implementation of the G20 Indonesia Presidency. There are 226 projects that are multilateral in nature with a value of US$238 billion, and 140 projects that are bilateral in nature with a value of US$71.4 billion.

President Joko Widodo has appointed a person in charge for both investment, politics, and non-investment and non-politics or cooperation of a broader nature. According to Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi, Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment, Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan will follow up the investment matters. Meanwhile, political matters are the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Retno Marsudi; outside of politics and investment are the responsibility of the Coordinating Minister for the Economy, Airlangga Hartarto.

Hard work is not over. All parties must work together to do all programs and initiatives. The hope is that the successful implementation of the G20 Presidency will be continued with further successes. It not only has a positive impact on Indonesia in terms of the economy, but also strengthens the level of world confidence in Indonesia's ability to become an important actor in the international arena.



More recently, North Korea accused the United States of pushing it into a security crisis. In a statement released late Tuesday(22/11),DeputyDepartmentDirector of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea,Kim Yo-jong lashed out at Washington for asking the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to limit North Korea's "illegal weapons".Kim remarked thatit was ironic that the United States vented its anger at the failure to realize what he called "malicious intentions" by announcing a joint statement with Britain, France, Australia, Japan and South Korea, immediately after the opening session of the UN Security Council ended.

Last Monday (21/11), the United States called on the UN Security Council to make a presidential statement to hold North Korea accountable for its intercontinental ballistic missile test on Friday(18/11). Presidential statements usually come when a UN Security Council session does not reach consensus, or one permanent member vetoed the resolution. Presidential statements are issued after a vote of the permanent and non-permanent members of the UN Security Council, but are not legally binding.

The US Ambassador to the United Nations, Linda Thomas-Greenfield saidthatit was critical that the 15-member Security Council respond to North Korea's actions with one voice. She also emphasized that China and Russia have supported Pyongyang by blocking UNSC actions.

North Korea is indeed not alone. Pyongyang has the defense of its two close allies, China and Russia. China'sAmbassador to the United Nations, Zhang Jun saidthatBeijing was concerned about the escalation of tensions and confrontation on the Korean Peninsula. According to him, the UN Security Council should help defuse tensions and not always put pressure on Pyongyang.

Meanwhile, Russia's Deputy UN Ambassador,Anna Evstigneeva accused Washington of trying to coerce North Korea into unilateral disarmament through sanctions and other coercion. She blamed the missile test on military exercises being conducted by the United States and its allies on the Korean Peninsula.

Of course, it is commonplace that everyone will think that he is in the right position. What is certain, however, is that tensions on the Korean Peninsula will impact other regions. It is hoped that all parties can exercise restraint so that the world, which is currently being affected by the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, doesnotworsen at all.



The Labor Party and labor union organizations appreciate the Indonesian government for issuing the Minister of Manpower Regulation (Permenaker) No. 18/2022 concerning the Determination of the 2023 Provincial Minimum Wage (UMP). The regulation was issued on Saturday (19/11) with the 2023 Provincial Minimum Wage set to increase by 10 percent.

The President of the Labor Party, Said Iqbal in a virtual press conference, Sunday (20/11) said that the Labor Party and labor union organizations appreciated and thanked President Joko Widodo and Minister of Manpower Ida Fauziyah for the issuance of the new regulation. Iqbal hopes that the new regulations will become the basis for the government, starting from the central and regional governments, to determine increases in the provincial minimum wage or UMP as well as district and city minimum wages (UMK). He also hopes that the regulation, which will take effect as of January 1, 2023, will become the legal basis in the following years.

The government's move to increase workers' wages by 10 percent is the right step. This increase is very meaningful, considering that next year will be a gloomy year in the economic field, as has been touted by most world leaders, including President Joko Widodo. President Joko Widodo stated that 2023 is predicted to be a dark year due to the economic, food and energy crises due to the Covid-19 pandemic and the war between Russia and Ukraine. The President admitted that he got the prediction after talking to the Secretary General of the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the heads of the G7 countries.

It is hoped that the policy of increasing workers' wages by 10 percent will prevent workers from falling into extreme poverty as a result of the crisis.

Although some workers are disappointed because the increase is only 10 percent, they also have to understand that the government must also protect employers so that they are not too burdened by high wages for workers. The economic crisis will befall anyone, the government, employers and workers alike. The government must ensure that the business being carried out does not stop because of the crisis. If the company goes bankrupt, workers will automatically lose their jobs. Therefore, the understanding and support of all parties are needed so that the Indonesian people together can stand firm amid the economic crisis.



Malaysia is about to hold general elections on Saturday (19 November 2022). More than 21 million people are eligible to vote for 945 candidates who are ready to compete for 222 parliamentary seats in Malaysia.

Malaysia is going to hold general elections one year ahead of schedule. Malaysian Prime Minister, Ismail Sabri Yaakob admitted that he  asked for the election to be held sooner to silence criticism about the legitimacy of his government.

Malaysia has indeed experienced unresolved political turmoil after the dissolution of Mahathir Mohamad's government. Since then, attempts to form a new government have been made twice. But both failed to achieve political stability. Accelerated general elections are considered as a solution to get a new government from the people.

There are three major coalitions competing in Malaysia's general elections this time. They are the main coalition of Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob; coalition of opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim; and the coalition of former Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin.

Analysts argue that no single coalition is expected to be able to secure a majority to form a new government. Heikal Rosnan from Bower Group Asia, as quoted from voaindonesia (16/11) argues that a very possible scenario from the results of the Malaysian elections this time is that no coalition has enough seats to be able to form a government.

Meanwhile, Ibrahim Suffian, Executive Director of the Merdeka Center said, the presence of three significant coalitions with a large base of support makes it difficult to estimate the outcome in terms of the projected number of parliamentary seats.

It is hoped that in the November 19 elections, one of the coalitions will be able to win a majority of seats to form a new strong government. If no single coalition is able to win a majority of seats, they will bargain with each other and try to form a new coalition. It is estimated, such a coalition is not strong enough to form a stable government.



The Group of Twenty Summit (G20 Summit) is taking place on November 15-16, 2022. It can be said that now, all eyes are on Bali, Indonesia. Some important things will become the history of the G20. The world looks forward to important commitments on global issues. The commitment is in the form of the G20's concrete work.

The concrete outputs of the 2022 G20 Presidency of Indonesia have been emphasized by President Joko Widodo. He reiterated this in his bilateral meeting with several state leaders, such as in the meeting with European Commission President, Ursula Von Der Leyen, Turkish President Recep Tayyib Erdogan and United States President Joe Biden. In a number of bilateral meetings, President Joko Widodo emphasized that the concrete results of the G20 that the world has been waiting for can be produced.

Meanwhile, when meeting Japanese Prime Minister, Fumio Kishida, President Joko Widodo said that the world's expectations are very high for the G20 as a catalyst for global recovery. The success of the G20 is a shared responsibility of all G20 countries.

One concrete result that has been launched is the Pandemic Fund, which was inaugurated by President Joko Widodo on November 13. The Pandemic Fund managed to raise US$1.4 billion from 20 contributors, namely G20 members, non-G20 countries, and three world philanthropic institutions. Indeed, the amount collected has not reached the target. Citing the, based on the results of a study conducted by the World Bank and world health organizations earlier this year, financing in a pandemic fund requires US$31.1 billion annually. President Joko Widodo expects greater support and contribution for pandemic funds to be used to finance the prevention, preparation, and response systems for future pandemics.

In the two-day summit of heads of state, it is also hoped that the text of declarations from state leaders on three priority sectors, namely strengthening the global health architecture, digital transformation and energy transition will be produced.

Indonesia can be proud of its success in carrying out the tasks of the 2022 G20 Presidency. Moreover, as stated by President Joko Widodo, this year's G20 Presidency is the toughest in G20 history. However, the presence of 17 Heads of State proves that Indonesia has succeeded in inviting the world to Recover Together, Recover Stronger.



Former Head of the United Kingdom’s Treasury, Rishi Sunak was elected Prime Minister of the UK after winning the election for the leadership of the conservative party. He faces a lot of tasks of stabilizing the party and the state at a time of political and economic upheaval.

Rishi Sunak becomes the third UK government leader this year, following the resignations of Boris Johnson and Liz Truss who only served for about 45 days. Sunak had been asked by King Charles III to immediately form a government.

Rishi Sunak's victory became a new history of government in England. He became the first British prime minister of South Asian descent, the first Hindu to hold the post of prime minister. He is also listed as the youngest to hold this position in more than 200 years. The record was previously held by William Pitt who took office at the age of 40 in 1812. Sunak is also the fastest MP to reach the post of Prime Minister in the modern era after only serving in the British Government for seven years. The previous record holder, David Cameron, managed to become Prime Minister in nine years.

The challenges that Sunak will face in the future are quite heavy. He must stabilize the divided Conservative Party which lags far behind the opposition in opinion polls. In addition, the great task is how to support the British economy, which was shaken after Truss' brief experiment in libertarian economics.

According to Jeremy Hunt, the Treasury Secretary Sunak had retained from the  previous Truss cabinet, his top priority is economic stability and restoring confidence that the UK is a country that can do it. Thereby, the British people hope the new government can explain how it plans to cover the budget shortfall of 40 billion pounds or US$46 billion dollars. Yet,  Rishi Sunak last Wednesday (26/10) postponed the announcement of a long-awaited plan to improve the country's public finances until November 17, about two and a half weeks later than originally planned. Treasury Secretary Jeremy Hunt said in a televised broadcast that it would take more time to ensure the new plan to deal with  the country's latest economic forecasts.

Hopefully, the government of Prime Minister Rishi Sunak and the economic policies to be carried out will bring about a good recovery that can help Britain out of the economic difficulties currently faced.



The Indonesian Ministry of Health detected the Omicron XBB subvariant in Indonesia. Spokesperson for the Ministry of Health, M. Syahril said that the first XBB case in Indonesia was a local transmission. This XBB variant was detected in a 29-year-old woman who had just returned from Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. There are symptoms, such as cough, runny nose, and fever. Then, she was tested positive on September 26. After undergoing isolation, the patient was declared cured on October 3.

Following this finding, the Ministry of Health rushed to take anticipatory efforts by testing and tracing 10 close contacts. As a result, all close contacts tested negative for the XBB variant of COVID-19.

Syahril further said that although the new XBB variant is contagious, the fatality is no more severe than the Omicron variant. However, the country cannot be said to be safe from the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, various mutations of new variants still have the potential to continue to occur. In recent days, cases have also been reported to increase in 24 provinces.

Since the first discovery of the Omicron XBB subvariant, 24 countries have reported the finding of this subvariant. Syahril also said that this XBB variant caused a sharp spike in COVID-19 cases in Singapore, accompanied by an increase in the trend of hospitalization. In the country, this variant has triggered a rise in cases to 6,000 positive confirmations per day.

Transmission of various variants of COVID-19 usually increases after the holiday season. Soon, we will welcome the Christmas and New Year holidays. This is when our vigilance must be raised.  Although the various variants of this virus are getting weaker, for certain people this virus can still be deadly.

Fortunately, Indonesia has not relaxed its vigilance against this virus. Inside buildings and on public transportation, the use of masks is still mandatory. Vaccination continues. However, this country is also not completely free from COVID-19. Each individual still has to take care of themselves by wearing a mask, washing their hands as often as possible, avoiding crowds and reducing travel.

Page 9 of 65