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Thursday, 23 December 2021 00:00

Iket Sunda

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Besides traditional clothes, every region in Indonesia also has a typical headband, or usually called ‘Iket’. Take for example, in Central Java, there is Blangkon as a complement of men's traditional clothes. In Bali, the headband is called ‘Udeng’. While in West Java, it is known as ‘Iket Sunda’. The existence of Iket is as complementary of men's traditional clothes or "Anggoan Pameget" which has high esthetic value. There are various kinds of Iket Sunda and they have deep philosophy.

Iket comes from the Sundanese language which means 'tie'. In ancient times, Iket reflected class in society so that it was clear the difference in the position of a man in everyday life. Philosophically, Iket means Sauyunan (bond) in a single life. Like a palm-stick, if forms into a single knot, a broom will be able to clean anything. Likewise, if humans act individually, of course it's hard to face a problem. Iket also indicates that the user does not want to be separated from Kasundaan's identity. Iket is made of cloth in the form of a square that has four corners. The four corners have the meaning as kereteg haté (kereteg = feelings or sounds that arise automatically, haté = heart. Kereteg haté is defined as intention, speech (oral), behavior (attitude), and body which is then folded in half to form an isosceles triangle with three corners. The three angles reflect three principles, tritangtu of equality in social life, namely the tritangtu consisting of rishi (religious leader), rama (people's leader) and perebu (regional leader).

Based on its history, Iket is divided into two major parts: Iket Buhan (Baheula Iket) and Iket Kiwar (modern or practical Iket). Iket Buhun is an Iket model from ancient elders in the Pasundan area and is formed from rectangular cloth that is folded according to special rules and forms an Iket model, such as Barangbang Semplak, Julang Ngapak, Parekos Jengkol and Buaya Ngangsar. The shape and model of the Kiwari Iket resembles the Buhun Iket. However, it has undergone several changes following the development of fashion, such as Iket Candra Sumirat, Iket Maung Leumpang, Iket Praktis Parekos, Iket Praktis Makuta Wangsa, Iket Proktis Manca Putra and Iket Batu Kincir.

Read 546 times Last modified on Thursday, 30 December 2021 07:34