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Yogyakarta City

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Yogyakarta is the capital city of the Special Region of Yogyakarta in Indonesia. Yogyakarta City where Sultan Hamengkubuwana and Grand Duke Paku Alam live is one of the biggest cities in Indonesia. The city used to be the capital city of Indonesia in 1946. The name of Yogyakarta was taken from two words, namely Ayogya or Ayodhya which means peacefulness. The city is also known as a student city because 20% of its population is students and there are 137 colleges.

The location of Yogyakarta city is very strategic because it is located at the main ways, namely Southern Cross Road which connects Yogyakarta, Bandung, Surakarta, Surabaya, and other cities in the South of Java and Yogyakarta – Semarang road which connects Yogyakarta, Magelang, Semarang, and other cities in middle cross road of Java Island. Thereby, the transportation in Yogyakarta is quite adequate to more easily make the transportation mobility among the cities. Yogyakarta City is located at the valley of three rivers, namely Winongo river, Code River which splits the city to be two parts, and also Gajahwong river. The city is rarely hit with huge floods because it has good drainage which was built by the Dutch colonial government and also the addition of drainage which was provided by the provincial government of Yogyakarta.

One of the districts in Yogyakarta, namely Kotagede was once the center of the Sultanate of Mataram from 1575 until 1640. The palaces that still function well are Yogyakarta palace and Puro Paku Alaman as part of Mataram sultanate. Yogyakarta also became the place of the establishment of the biggest Islamic organization, Muhammadiyah which was established by K.H. Ahmad Dahlan  at Kauman, Ngupasan, Gondomanan, Yogyakarta in 1912. Until now, the Central Board of Muhammadiyah is still in Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta is a city full of history which is still managed well. The city is still rich with Javanese culture and tradition. Therefore, many domestic and foreign tourists are interested to visit this city.

Read 823 times Last modified on Thursday, 03 September 2020 10:44