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Friday, 05 August 2022 11:15

Tenun Gringsing

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The gringsing weaving of Bali is used as a souvenir for the delegates who attended the G20 Summit. As many as 120 clothes were ordered from the craftsmen of the Tenganan Pegringsingan Tourism Village, Karangasem Regency, Bali. The delegates attending the G20 Summit will later obtain the clothes. Bendesa Adat Tenganan Village, Putu Suarjana pointed out that the gringsing cloths made had passed through a tight selection regarding quality and had met the requirements requested by the Community Forum for the Protection of Geographical Indications (MPIG) of Gringsing Weaving Bali, with 20 centimeters wide and 180 centimeters long.

the Gringsing weaving has been designated as a national intangible cultural heritage in 2016. The Ministry of Tourism, Economy and Creative continuously strives to promote the gringsing woven fabric as an intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO, because gringsing woven fabric is one of the ancient cultural heritages of Bali that still survives until now. The typical cuisine of this cloth lies in the technique of making it, namely using the double technique.Gringsing weaving is the only double ikat fabric from 3 double ikat woven fabrics recognized by UNESCO. Moreover, Gringsing Weaving, two other double ikat woven fabrics come from India and Japan. It takes about two months to make a sheet of gringsing woven cloth. While for the double tie motif, it can take longer, around two to five years. The coloring still uses natural ingredients such as wood roots, candlenut oil, and leaves. The three most common colors used for gringsing woven fabrics are tridatu, namely red, yellow, and black.

For Indigenous people, the Tenganan Pegringsingan, Gringsing Weaving symbolizes a balance. The word Gringsing comes from Gring which means plague or illness, and sing means no. When interpreted in its entirety, Gringsing weaving is believed to be a cloth to repel reinforcements, so it is quite often used by Balinese people for events such as wedding ceremonies and religious ceremonies. In addition, Gringsing Weaving represents the traditional rules of the local community, which is very respectful of nature, so that it is not allowed to cut trees without having permission. They believe that by protecting nature, humans will not get sick. This fabric consists of various motifs. One of the motifs of gringsing woven fabric is the lubeng motif, which is characterized by a scorpion and is often used as traditional clothing for religious events. There is also the Sanan Empeg motif which is identical to the red and black poleng box, as well as the Cecempakaan or Cempaka flower motif which is often used as traditional clothing in religious ceremonies. Furthermore, another motif is Cemplong, which is characterized by a large flower among the small flowers around it, as well as other motifs. In traditional events, gringsing woven cloth is generally used as a scarf or (Senteng) by women, while for men it is used as a belt. (VOI)

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