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Thursday, 13 September 2018 00:00


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Today in History over RRI World Service -Voice of Indonesia. We start from an event on September 13, 1993 about Oslo Peace Agreement.

Peace Agreement or officially called "Temporary Declaration of Principles for Facilitating Self-Government" was agreed in Oslo, Norway on August 20, 1993 and officially signed in Washington D.C. on September 13, 1993 by Mahmud Abbas who represented PLO and Shimon Peres represented Israel. This was witnessed by Warren Christopher from the United States of America and Andrei Kozyrev from Russia before US President, Bill Clinton and Prime Minister of Israel, Yitzhak Rabin with Head of PLO, Yasser Arafat. Under the agreement, Palestine began to get authority to reign at West Bank and Gaza Strip. Even, Palestine could form devices of government, police, parliamentary and another governmental institution. For the reply, Palestinian authority had to promote tolerance against Israel and recognized the right of Israel to exist. On September 28, 1995, Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat signed Israel-Palestine Interim agreement. 

The next event is that in 2000, a bomb exploded at parking lot of Jakarta stock Exchange.


Jakarta Stock Exchange Building on September 13, 2000 was shocked by explosion of powerful bomb. Because of the explosion, the main lobby was destroyed severely enough and made workers panic to run out of the building. 15 people were killed and 90 injured. The explosion made the trade at the Jakarta Stock Exchange directly stopped. Only in 12 days, the perpetrator of the explosion could be known. 

And the last event is that in 2007, it was about declaration of the United Nations on the Rights of traditional people.

Declaration of the United Nations on the Rights of Original population is a declaration which was legalized by General Assembly of the United Nations in the 61st session in New York, on September 13, 2007. The declaration underlined the rights of individual and collective of natives and their rights on culture, identity, language, job, health, education and other issues. The declaration also emphasized their rights to maintain and strengthen institution, culture and tradition and their rights on development to fulfill their need and aspiration. The declaration also prohibited discrimination on natives and improved their participation fully and effectively in all things which involved their problems, and their rights to be still different and to seek vision of their own economic and social development. Although the declaration is not legally binding, as other declarations of General Assembly, the declaration describes dynamic development of norm of international law and reflects commitment of member countries of the United Nations to move to certain direction; the United Nations describes it as important standard for treatment against natives around the world, which certainly will become important tools in eradicating violation of the Human Rights  against 370 million natives in the world, and help them to fight against discrimination and marginalization.

That was Today in History.


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