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Enggang dance

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Enggang dance is a traditional dance of Dayak Kenyah tribe in East Kalimantan. The dance is a must to be performed in every traditional ceremony of Dayak Kenyah tribe. It describes daily life of hornbill bird.  According to the belief of Dayak Kenyah people, their ancestor came from the sky and went down to the earth like hornbill bird. Thereby, Dayak Kenyah people are very respectful and they also honor the hornbill. Nowadays, the dance is often performed to welcome the honor guests.

Enggang dance is performed by young girls of Dayak Kenyah tribe. When dancing, they wear some kinds of ornament on hornbill on their heads and also big earrings. They also hold the feathers of the bird’s horn. Their dance is being accompanied by traditional music, namely Sampe, Gendang and Gong. Sampe is Dayak’s typical string instrument.  

Enggang dance movement uses basic movement of hornbill. The movement of the dance consists of three main movements: namely Nganjat, Ngasai and Purak Barik. Nganjat is the main or typical movement of Dayak dance which looks like ivory hornbill. The movement symbolizes beautiful movement of the dancers.

Ngasai movement is like hornbill which is flying, and Purak Barik is a basic movement as the act of migrationOn the progress, there is a new creation of Enggang dance, but the creation cannot be separated from its meaning and also philosophy which contains in Enggang dance.


Bangka Belitung Islands Province is one of the marine tourism destinations in Indonesia. There are various marine tourism objects that are interesting   to visit.  One of them is Lengkuas Island. The beautiful island is located in Sijuk sub-district, Belitung Regency. The island takes about 25 to 40 minutes from  Tanjung Kelayang beach by motorboat.  Tanjung Kelayang beach  is located 27 kilometers from Tanjung Pandan, the capital of Belitung regency. When  you arrive in Lengkuas island, a row of granite will greet your coming at the beach location.

There are a variety of exciting tourism activities that you can do in Lengkuas Island.  For instance, you can go around the island by motorboat or just walk to enjoy the beauty of the island. Lengkuas Island is indeed a small island. It is only 1 hectare wide. On the Lengkuas island, you can do some water activities such as swimming, snorkeling and diving, to enjoy the beauty of underwater marine life.  If you like diving, you can see the spot of  the wrecked  Indomarine ship that sank in 1999. This location is one of the favorite spots for divers. The wrecked Indomarine ship now become a home for coral reefs and colorful small fish.

Besides enjoying the natural beauty of Lengkuas Island, for those who love historical tourism, can visit the Lighthouse area. The lighthouse was built in 1882 by the Dutch government.  Until now this lighthouse still functions well as a guide for ship traffic coming and going from Belitung Island. This lighthouse that was built using steel and brick construction has 52 meters high and 18 floors. To enter the lighthouse, you must pay an entrance ticket of Rp 5,000. On each floor there is a window to see the outside views. The location of the window is different on each floor. So, you can see the beauty of Lengkuas Island and its beaches from every different angle. After arriving at the top, you can enjoy the beauty of scenery, a turquoise sea with granite rocks on the beach of Lengkuas island.


Lake Lut Tawar is a volcanic one which is located at 1,500 meters above sea level. It is a highland of Takengon suburb, Central Aceh regency. If you visit the lake, your eyes will be spoiled by beautiful scenery. The lake is surrounded by mountains and has fresh air. Going around the lake takes 2 hours. We ensure that you will not get bored because pine forest surrounding of the lake will give different atmosphere. Certainly, there is a fishermen activity to catch fish at the lake.

Wandering around Lake Lut Tawar takes longer time, if you stop by at some caves surrounding area, such as Loyang Peteri Pukes, Loyang Koro, Loyang Peteri Ijo, Loyang Perupi and Ular caves, Loyang Ujung Karang, and Loyang Mendale caves. All the caves have their own legends for Gayo people. Getting tired after going around the lake, you can also watch the lake from the highland, such as from Bur Gayo. From there, you can also see Takengon City and Lake Lut Tawar. The lake is an estuary of 25 rivers which flow to Krueng Peusangan in Bireuen regency. Surrounding the lake, there are many Gayo Arabic Coffee stalls. Gayo Arabic coffee is one of the best coffees in the world.  The coffee comes from plantation in Central Aceh regency. Lake Lut Tawar has also many cultural sites where human fossils that lived 7,400 years ago in the Loyang Mandale Cave were found.

Tourism activities at Lake Lut Tawar continue to grow. The local culture of Gayo people, who have high art values, supports the beauty of its nature. Now, almost every year, local government holds Lut Tawar Festival to introduce Lake Lut Tawar to the public, certainly by keeping the beauty of the lake on the highland. One way to preserve the lake which has existed since hundred years ago is by tourism development.

The local people get income from tourism activities so that they keep maintaining the lake and surrounding forest.


Besides its beautiful beaches, Rote, one of regencies in East Nusa Tenggara, also has beautiful hill, namely  Mando’o, which is mentioned as Tangga 300 by local people because to reach the peak of the hill, there are around 365 stairs.   

One of specialties of the hill is the southernmost border between Indonesia and Australia, even it becomes border between Asian and Australian Continent. 

Mando’o hill is located at Kuli village which is rich with its agricultural products. To go there, you can be through El Tari airport in Kupang which is the capital city of East Nusa Tenggara, and then you may continue by plane to Rote Island.  

You can also use Ferry from Kupang to Ba’a City, Rote Island. From the city, you go to Mando’o hill, which takes around one and a half hours by land transportation.  

Arriving at Mando’o hill, you will be greeted by stairs. One by one up the stairs, at the peak of the hill, you will show amazing scenery. 

Here, there is also Lopo at a certain height for taking a rest.  Lopo is Rote typical construction which has a half circle roof with chairs surrounding the construction. To access the peak of the hill takes around 20 minutes on foot.  

In the Northern side of the hill, you can see Lole hill. While in the West, there are Kuli village and rice fields.  In the East, there is Keka hill with blue bay under the hill. In the South, there is Indian Ocean.




Indonesia's sea wealth is enormous and its sea area reaches 2.3 million square kilometers. If managed properly, Indonesia can be independent in producing sea fish without importing from other countries. In this regard, the student of the Sepuluh November Technology Institute (ITS), Alfian Bimanjaya tried to make a new breakthrough named the Fisheries Potential Information System -SIRIPIKAN in the international competition Esri Young Scholars Award 2020 last March. He won two achievements at the same time. He successfully came out as runner-up and he was favorite among the finalists.

SIRIPIKAN was made with the primary objective to provide geospatial information about the potential of fisheries to improve the effectiveness of fishing activities and fish distribution activities. In addition, SIRIPIKAN also comes with several spatial analysis features, such as proximity analysis, direction search, route, and travel time which are still rarely provided by other similar applications today. In making SIRIPIKAN, Alfian used remote sensing technology, specifically the Moderate Resolution Imaging Specter-radio-meter satellite imagery to determine the Potential Fishing Zones. Geographic Information System (GIS) Technology is also used to analyze and present geospatial information on the distribution of Potential Fishing Zones.

Alfian explained that from the features possessed, the use of SIRIPIKAN can be used by not only fishermen as a supplier of capture fish, but also distributors and fish traders. The community as fish consumers can also use this technology, as well as the government as the party that takes the policy. SIRIPIKAN still needs a lot of development, especially in terms of data updating. At present, information on Potential Fishing Zones is still available periodically on a monthly basis. In the future, SIRIPIKAN can provide Potential Fishing Zones information every week, even updated every day.


Besides offering natural beauty, almost every lake in Indonesia also have many stories about  the lake  such as angler and his caught in Lake Toba, North Sumatra as well as Pertapa and Dragon in Rawa Pening, Ambarawa, Central Java.  In today’s segment of Indonesian Wonder I present to you about a lake in eastern Indonesia,   with its  interesting background story of forbidden love. However,  behind that unique folklores, Lake keeps a different charm and it is very interesting to visit. Likewise lake Tolire in Ternate, North Maluku which is located at the valey of Mount Gamalama.

Ternate Island is an island that has been famous for centuries because of its spices. The history of the emergence of western colonialism was mainly because its spices. In Ternate there are also many attractions that must be visited both historical tourism and natural charm. One of the natural beauty that become a tourist destination in Ternate is Lake Tolire. If you want to visit Lake Tolire, you have to visit first Ternate City, in North Maluku. From Ternate the distance is approximately 10 Km south of the city to Lake Tolire. After traveling for about 20 minutes passing the seashore and hills, you will arrive at Lake Tolire. You don't need to worry, there are directions on the side of the road to Lake Tolire. According to the local people’s belief, Lake Tolire was formed due to the wrath of Almighty GOD because of the forbidden love between a father and his daughter. Lake Tolire consists of two lakes, Lake Tolire Besar and Lake Tolire Kecil, which is only 200 meters away. Behind the folklore, Lake Tolire provides a unique tourism object besides the natural beauty along with living things around it. 

With its background of the  active and beautiful Gamalama volcano, Lake Tolire Besar looks enchantment and exotic with turquoise green color sea water around it. Behind the beautiful panorama of the lake, visitors can also feel mysteriousity of the lake.  It may be the effect of folklore about this lake. Moreover,  there is a unique story of throwing a stone if we visit the Lake Tolire Besar.  The position of the lake is  more than 50 meters below, the visitors have to stand around 3 meters from the lip of the cliff above the lake. The story is that if we throw a stone to the lake, we will not be able to see the position of the stone, but someone else can see it.  The green of the forest trees combined with the black color of the land from the effects of the eruption of Mount Gamalama  and  birdsong, make the scenery and atmosphere on the Lake Tolire Besar  more beautiful and charming. 

Until now, there has  not anyone who examines how deep Lake Tolire is, but local people believe its depth is difficult to reach because it connects to the sea. Lake Tolire Besar also has a story about white crocodile that  guards the presence and sustainability of  the lake.  While  for  Lake Tolire Kecil which is located approximately 200 meters from Lake Tolire Besar  is closer to the shoreline. The Lake just  like a shrimp or fish pond on the edge of the beach which is grown by  coconut trees and various species of trees around it . It is  not too special if it is  compared with Lake Tolire Besar.


Mountain Ijen, which has an altitude of 2,443 meters above sea level, has amazing enchantment. The mountain, which is located at the borders of Bondowoso and Banyuwangi regency, is quite often climbed by many tourists, both domestic and foreign tourists, because it is well known on its natural phenomenon at Ijen crater, namely blue fire. Climbing Mt. Ijen takes around 3 – 4 hours with sandy and steep rocks’ terrain.  Ijen crater has a depth of 200 meters with an area of 5,466 hectares. The enchantment of blue fire can be seen in the crater.

Blue fire is a coincidence that happens on an ongoing basis. Ijen Crater with huge sulfur content has high-pressure geothermal heat so that oxidation reaction occurs. The sulfur combustion reaction produces heat and light, and then this is accepted as blue color by the receptors of the human eyes. The best time to watch the blue fire in Ijen Crater is at dawn during  02.00-04.00 am of local time. To climb the mountain, we suggest you to climb it at night around 10.00 pm in order you can be relaxed. The trip to bottom of the crater is not easy to be passed because there is uphill track along 3 kilometers and about 700 meters downhill.

Besides the challenging tracks to Ijen crater, when going down to the crater, you should share space with sulfur miners who transport tens of kilograms of sulfur. Its condition will be more difficult if there are many climbers. The best month to watch the blue fire of Ijen crater is December because fog intensity is lower. Such a condition, you can watch the blue fire and blue water of lake without fog. If fog is high and thick, the blue fire is only faintly visible and it tends to dim, even it is not seen at all. After enjoying the blue fire, you can continue your trip to peak of Mt, Ijen which is located around 1 kilometer from the crater.  Over there, you can watch beautiful sunrise. From the peak of the mountain, you can enjoy beautiful panorama and even peak of Mt. Merapi which is located at the East of Ijen crater. So, what are you waiting for? Set your time to go to Bondowoso, East Java province to enjoy the blue fire.


Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia which has different tribes, cultures and traditions. One of the Indonesian tribes is Betawi. One of the Betawi’s traditions is Palang Pintu or Cross Bar. 

Palang Pintu tradition becomes an identity of Betawi people in Jakarta. The tradition has become part of wedding procession since long time ago. The tradition is combination between Silat, martial art and limerick which dominate the tradition. 

Until now, the tradition is still implemented by Betawi people, which is still strong in Islamic teachings. The tradition aims to test the seriousness of man to woman who will get married. To pass the test in Palang Pintu tradition’s test, there are two prerequisites which must be fulfilled, namely to win the martial arts and to fluently read the Koran.

Palang Pintu tradition was inherited from generation to generation and there is no historical note which explains about when and who created the tradition. The tradition is usually implemented when bridegroom arriving at the bride’s place.  

The tradition has some steps namely, Shalawat Dustur, requited rhyme, Beklai, and Lantun Sike. During the tradition implemented, the bridegroom will be blocked by Silat fighters or Jawara from the bride’s village. 

Then, one of the Silat fighters requests some requisitions. The point is to challenge fighting and reading Koran. Therefore, the bridegroom can be ensured having quality or not, according to them. 

Implementing Palang Pintu tradition needs 9 persons; 2 persons are Silat fighters from the bride side, 1 person from the bridegroom, I person as poem interpreter from each side, 3 persons as readers of Shalawat Dustur, and 1 person as Sike’s reader.  

Today, the tradition is conducted by people who are paid and usually called “Centeng”. The name of Palang Pintu comes from Betawi Tengah and Betawi Kota people, while Betawi Pinggiran and Betawi Ora call it as “Rebut Dandang or “Tepuk Dandang”.


The National Monument or abbreviated Monas is a tower with 132 meters high in the center of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta, symbolizing the fight for Indonesia. It is the national monument of the Republic of Indonesia, and built to commemorate the struggle for Indonesian independence.

Construction began in 1961 under the direction of Indonesian first President Sukarno. Monas was opened to the public in 1975. On the top, it is a flame covered with gold. The National Monument has long history. 

President Sukarno began to contemplate the construction of a national monument comparable to the Eiffel Tower on the square in front of the Presidential Palace. The monument was built at 80-hectare area and designed by Frederich Silaban and R. M. Soedarsono that began to be built on August 17, 1961. Underground of the monument, there is a museum of Indonesian national history. An elevator at the Southern side will carry visitors to the top of the monument. The top of the monument can accommodate around 50 people. There are also binoculars where visitors can see Jakarta’s panorama closer.  If it is sunny day without clouds, visitors can see Mt. Salak at the South which is located in Bogor regency, West Java province. At the North, there is stretch of sea with small islands.  

On the top of the National Monument, there is a platform or called Cawan that supports the flame of a bronze lamp which weighs up to 14.5 tons and is coated with 35 kilograms of gold. The flame is as a symbol of the struggle of Indonesian people who wanted to achieve independence. The gold was donated by Teuku Markam, an Acehnese entrepreneur. The platform can be reached through elevator or stairs when going down from the top of the monument to reach the base of the platform. To go there, you can use many kinds of public transportation.


Portuguese fortress is one of the main historical tourism objects of Jepara in Central Java. It is located in Banyumanis village, Donorojo district, Jepara regency, Central Java province. Geographically, the location of the fortress is very strategic for military, especially in the past when the cannons were able to fire only 2-3 kilometers away.

The fortress was built in 1923 on stone hill at seashore and exactly, in front of it, there is Mandalika Island that can protect the fortress. It influences on sailing of the ships from Jepara to the Eastern of Indonesia or vice versa.

Now, the fortress is only quadrangle-shaped wall ruins on hill. Behind the wall, there is only an empty land overgrown with the trees that are usually used as shelter by visitors.In addition, there are also several cannon replicas located in the north and east of this fortress. Here, visitors can enjoy the beautiful and exotic Mandalika Island.  

To go to the fortress, you should use private car or motorcycle because this tourism object is located into a rural area where public transportation does not operate.

Ticket price of this tourism object is quite cheap; it is only Rp 5,000/person. So, visitors can enjoy beautiful waves and panorama at the Portuguese fortress. At surrounding the fortress, there are many food stalls selling various menus with affordable prices.

y PPE mask uses two types of materials, namely High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) and Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic. This emergency mask must also be produced by paying attention to the safety of the material used. Djoko stressed that these masks are only for clinical institutions that need them. This free distribution has a flow of distribution procedures that are not arbitrary. For clinical institutions that need this mask must prepare an official request letter and attach it together with the online form provided.