Today's Book and Film Review will review an Indonesian film entitled "Moonrise Over Egypt" directed by Pandu Adiputra. Moonrise Over Egypt is an historic-suspense movie about Indonesian history and was released in 2018. An important event in Indonesian history about struggle to gain de jure recognition is rarely exposed. Behind this event, there was a thrilling drama full of espionage and political intrigues.
This film reveals that event explicitly was based on a deep historic research. The film that was made by experienced hands became a bright spot for Indonesians to see the other side of Indonesian independence history. Indonesian people will also be able to know more about the figures whose names are now used for street names in several cities in Indonesia, including Jakarta. Despite of few research results being found, Pandu keeps moving forward with his works. Pandu explain about his film.
“…Moonrise over Egypt is clearly about sovereignty, love, and betrayal. The big story is about four delegates fighting for recognition of sovereignty. What we are telling in this film is apparently a part of August 17 1945.” He said.
With idealism and honed skills, this film was made to add more lists of good-quality Indonesian films. It is also a new knowledge for Indonesian people, because the struggle of the then Indonesian politicians did not stop after Indonesia proclaimed its independence. The name of Agus Salim is often heard, but not many Indonesians know well who he is. Playing Agus Salim, Pritt Timothy certainly must know who Agus Salim is.
“…Agus Salim is a national hero who persistently defended the independence of Indonesia, who loved it without self-interest but only for the unity of Indonesia. He is also very clever, diplomatic, and he masters 12 languages, but he lived without looking for fame. Yet, Agus Salim dared to face anyone for the sake of truth and the country.” He said.
Since 2012, many Indonesian directors have made films about Indonesian heroes. Apparently, Indonesians love historic-suspense films. Therefore, many Indonesian moviemakers created historic films about Indonesian heroes. Although it sounds like making use of such condition, Indonesian moviemakers did a good job in introducing historic figures who rarely appear in Indonesian history books. Such a positive thing must be supported by Indonesian people and government.
Historic research had been conducted long time before the script was made. Even, Husni Husein, an Indonesian historian also helped the research for this movie. Nevertheless, the research result was still adjusted to fiction in various stories, so that the film will still be entertaining. One of Moonrise Over Egypt producers, Adie Marzuki explained the importance of historic films.
“…I was scared, but it cannot stop us, more overly we believe that we are conveying important values. Therefore, we ask for help from the stakeholders and Indonesian people who believe that values in historic films are important.” He said.
Ade Marzuki added, he collected stories data from official resources, including from Indonesian Embassy in Cairo, Egypt as well as from Historia magazine editorial. Pandu Adiputra as the director admitted that he implemented and executed the scripts into film carefully. It took 15 days of shooting in Jakarta and 10 other days in Egypt. He hoped to be able to present the situation of Jakarta and Cairo in 1940s to the audience. This 113-minute film is also able to provide historic knowledge for Indonesian people.
Today in History over RRI World Service, Voice of Indonesia. We start from an event on May 24, 1989 Sudirman cup for the first time was held in Jakarta.
Sudirman Cup is international badminton championship for mixed team numbers, matches men’s single number, women’s single number, men’s doubles, women’s doubles and mixed doubles. The championship is held every two-year. The name of Sudirman is taken from a figure’s name of Indonesian badminton, Dick Sudirman. He is one of founders of badminton throughout Indonesia. The championship was initiated by Indonesia in 1986. Sudirman Cup was held for the first time at Istora Gelora Bung Karno, Jakarta on May 24 – 29, 1989. At the championship, Indonesia succeeded as champion by defeating South Korea with score 3-2.
The next event is that May 24, 1993 is about the independence day of Eritrea.
Eritrea is a country which is located in the East of Africa. Eritrea borders with Sudan in the West, Ethiopia in the South, and Djibouti in the Southeast. Red Sea in the East of Eritrea separates the country with the Middle East Region. Eritrea was ever colonized by Italy. Eritrea territory separated itself from Ethiopia and gained its independence on May 24, 1993 after fighting for 30 years.
And the last event was in 2000, when Israel retreated from South Lebanon.
After 22 years occupying South Lebanon, precisely on May 24 Mei, 2000, finally Israel forces retreated from the territory. In 1978, Israel forces for the fourth times attacked Lebanon. Earlier, Israel built security line in South Lebanon territory and formed a semi-military group. The group consisted of Lebanon hireling. Syiah Hizbullah group conducted campaign to fight against them until pro-Israel group surrendered.
RRI World Service -Voice of Indonesia with Diplomatic Corner
The first information is from Tanzania.
Indonesian Ambassador to Tanzania, Ratlan Pardede said that Tanzania offers investment to Indonesian companies in textile, fertilizer, infrastructure and hotel sector. Ambassador Ratlan Pardede stated in press release received in Jakarta on Friday (18/5)that Indonesia has strong desire to increase economic relations with Tanzania, especially with Simiyu province, such as in the sector of cotton, infrastructure, fertilizer, hotel and agriculture. Governor of Simiyu, Anthony Mtaka conveyed the positive response to Ambassador Ratlan. The Governor said that Simiyu is ready to encourage the existence of the investors and companies from Indonesia. The government of Simiyu is ready to provide fee land for the factory’s development. In his work visit in Simiyu, Ambassador Ratlan Pardede also had an opportunity to conduct field visit to Alliance Ginnery, the biggest cotton processing factory, and small and medium enterprises of footwear producer and chalk in Simiyu.
The second information is from Cairo, Egypt.
Indonesian government continues to explore weapon trade to Egypt and Jordan, because Indonesia has a number of State-owned enterprises which produce weapons such as PT. Pindad, PT. Dahana, and PT.
Dirgantara Indonesia. Defense attaché of the Indonesian embassy of Cairo, Egypt, Col. Kemas Muhammad Ikhwan Madani said to RRI in Cairo on Sunday (20/5) that his office has explored the weapon selling to the government of Egypt. Over the last two years, a number of representatives of PT. Pindad, PT. Dahana, and PT. DI have conducted a meeting with the government of Egypt. One of the markets which is quite big in Egypt, according to Kemas, is bullet. Even, Egyptian military have asked to be sent example of bullets of Indonesian product. The constrain is that there is no plane which wants to carry the bullet example of various kinds of the weapon. As a consequence, this cannot be realized to Egyptian military. In addition, the Indonesian government also explored cooperation with the government of Jordan to mutually produce tactical and light weapons. Thus, Memorandum of Understanding –MoU has been signed by PT. Pindad and PT. King Abdullah Design and Development Biro recently and this was witnessed by Indonesian Defense Minister, Ryamizard Ryacudu.
We end Diplomatic Corner with the information from Moscow, Russia.
ASEAN member countries and Russia agreed to strengthen cooperation to eradicate terrorism. Director of External Cooperation of ASEAN, Foreign Affairs Ministry, Benny YP Siahaan when representing the Indonesian government on the 15th ASEAN-Russia Senior Officials' Meeting said in Moscow, Russia on Friday (18/5) that eradicating terrorism cannot be alone, it needs to increase cooperation and to apply comprehensive strategy. In the meeting, ASEAN member countries and Russia conveyed condolences to Indonesia on terrorism acts which occurred in several cities in Indonesia recently. The terrorism acts became a sign that terrorism threat in the region is still real, serious and its prevention needs intensive cooperation among the countries, including ASEAN-Russian cooperation. Indonesia does appreciate Russian commitment in the cooperation to eradicate terrorism and other transnational crimes through various cooperation mechanisms of ASEAN.
Member of Regional Representative Council, Emma Yohanna said that there are many ways which can be conducted to invite children to learn as well as to memorize reading of the Qur’an, one of them by applying “coercion” value in positive meaning such as holding competition. Emma Yohanna recognized that children’s awareness to learn reading of the Qur’an tends to decrease every time if it is not addressed wisely by the people around them, either school or elder at home. As quoted by Radio National News Agency, Emma Yohanna said in Padang, West Sumatra on Monday that through tilawatil (recital) Qur-an competition, children will force themselves to learn maximally with the hope they will be a winner. Emma Yohanna gave example the recitation of Asmaul Husna or reciting the names of Allah as a real picture of daily life, could be heard in the past. Asmaul Husna became part or positive habit of students which cannot be heard now, because lack of competition. The experts have created learning methode of reading of the Qur’an which is more sophiscated and independent. Through this method, children must not go to the mosque, they can learn reading Qur’an anytime at home.
When preparing to cook food for sahur (dawn meal) in Ramadhan, most people who live on the slope of Mt. Merapi, either in Sleman regency, Yogyakarta Province or Klaten regency, Central Java province on Tuesday (22/5) must be evacuate to a safe place, due to phreatic eruption of Mt. Merapi at 01.47 of West Indonesian Time. Head of Planning affairs of Balerante village, Kemalang Klaten district, Jainu, said there were around 500 residents who evacuated at Balerante village’s hall, office of Mamnisrenggo Military Regional Command, or to their relatives. The residents just knew it around 02.30 of local time, and they now have been returning to do their daily activities. Furthermore, Jainu explained that there were around 2 thousand Balerante villagers and from the number there are around 750 people who who live at three disaster prone areas, included 5 hamlets namely Sambungrejo, Ngipiksari, Gondang, Sukorejo and Banjirsari, which are around 4 until 5 Km from the peak of Mt. Merapi. Although most of villagers have returned to their home, there are still residents who still stay at the shelter. Meanwhile, head of Kemalang district, Kusdiyono, appealed the people to stay calm but still alert, especially those who live at disaster prone areas.
Indonesia-Malaysia Command of land border security control in West region of West Kalimantan is now carried by Border Security Task Force of Yonif 511/Dibyatara Yodha. The Infantry Battalion from Blitar, East Jawa replaced Yonif 642/Kapuas which has finished their task since May 18. Commander of Yonif 511/Dibyatara Yodha said that security system in the Western sector of West Kalimantan border with Malaysia is still similar with previous task. The command of Yonif 511/Dibyatara Yodha in Entikong, on Tuesday (22/5) said the existence of the border post which is held along the border will be strengthened by increasing the number of Indonesian soldiers. The strengthening of the personnel is to anticipate illegal event in the region.
Special envoy of Indonesian president seeking supports for non-permanent membership of Indonesia for the United Nations Security Council, N. Hassan Wirajuda visited Sao Tome and Principe, on Friday (18/5/2018). Hassan was received by President of Sao Tome and Principe, Evaristo do Espirito Santo Carvalho and Foreign Affairs’ Minister of Sao Tome and Principe, Urbino Jose Goncalves Botelho at the State’s Palace of Sao Tome. In the meeting, Sao Tome and Principe recognized Indonesia’s active role in creating stability for international security and its contribution in maintaining world’s peace and also appreciating Indonesia’s active role and leadership in Asia Africa Conference forum, among others the outcome of the Asia Africa Conference summit in Bandung related to strengthening declaration of New Strategic Partnership of Asia Africa. On the other side, the Indonesian special envoy appreciated the political stability and peace situation in Sao Tome and Principe at present, especially its success in reformation and democracy since early 1990 which gives positive impact for Sao Tome and Principe in developing its economy and creating democratic life in the next future. President Sao Tome and Principe declared good relations between Africa in general and Sao Tome and Principe in particular, with Indonesia has established traditionally since Asia-Africa Conference in Bandung in 1955. In line with this, his party hoped that it is necessary to increase cooperation in various sectors between the two countries, among other in educational, agricultural, technical and infrastructure cooperation sectors.
On Sunday (20/5/2018) around 200 Indonesian citizens flocked at auditorium of Indonesian embassy in Wellington to break the fast and to pray tarawih prayer. In family and warm situation, they attended in the first tarawih safari (Tarling) in Wellington, New Zealand. Tarling is special event of Indonesian Muslims which only holds in the month of Ramadhan and becomes a culture in various regions in Indonesia. Even, when staying abroad, Indonesian diaspora still conduct it to strengthen relationship. After the safari at the Indonesian embassy, it will be rotated in various places, not only in Wellington but also at other cities. In his speech, ambassador Tantowi Yahya emphasized that Indonesian citizens in New Zealand always show the real picture of Islam such as peace and dynamic. As the most muslim populated country in the world, Indonesia can be a model as a rahmatan lil' alamin country. Ambassador Tantowi Yahya hoped that Indonesian citizens who stay in New Zealand, can explain well and objective thought to local people who want to know current situation and the fact. The ambassador also appreciated religious organization such as Umat Islam Indonesia (UMI), Himpunan Umat Muslim Indonesia Auckland (HUMIA) and the others which are actively to help the Indonesian embassy in various events.
Tarian Piring or plate dance from West Sumatera wins international Folklore competition. Piring Bejamba dance which was danced by 5 dancers of Galang Dance Community from Padang, West Sumatera led by Deslenda won gold medal in the World Cup of Folklore in Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria on May 10-20, 2018. Indonesian Ambassador of Sofia, Sri Astari Rasjid, appreciated the achievement which was obtained by Indonesian team and also gave good image in International forum. Hopefully, they continue to gain achievement in the other world class competitions because the performance ofGalang team is good and dynamic. The participation of Indonesia’s dance team in the international competition is hoped to be able to support preservation effort of Indonesia’s traditional arts. In the competition, Indonesia competed with various teams from around 20 countries in the world.
UNESCO Global Geopark certificate for Ciletuh-Palabuhan Ratu has been issued. Director General of UNESCO, Audrey Azoulay directly signed the certificate for the legality of Taman Bumi Ciletuh in Palabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi regency, West Java as part of UNESCO Global Geopark in the world. Chairman of Taman Bumi Ciletuh Management, Deny Juanda said in Bandung on Saturday that the issuance of the certificate was part of the struggle of UNESCO certification process. He also said that he thanked for the achievement of all parties that cared for and jointly struggled for every process. The certificate has been valid since April 17, 2018 until April 16, 2022. Earlier, UNESCO legalized 12 Global Geoparks from 11 countries as UNESCO Global Geopark. The legalization was delivered in the 2014 sessions of Executive Council of UNESCO, Program commission and external relations on last Thursday (12/4/18) in Paris, France. Governor of West Java, Ahmad Heryawan said that his side received the news from Head of Tourism and Culture Office, Sukabumi regency, Budiman as West Java representative in the session. Therefore, there are 4 UNESCO Global Geoparks in Indonesia, namely Taman Bumi Batur, Taman Bumi Gunung Sewu, Taman Bumi Ciletuh, and Taman Bumi Rinjani. After the legalization, the government of West Java continues to increase infrastructure development in Ciletuh-Palabuhan Ratu.
The government of South Konawe regency, Southeast Sulawesi province, opened investment opportunity for investors in fishery sector. Deputy Regent of South Konawe, Arsalim said that South Konawe has fishery potential which is very abundant to be developed in a bid to become fishery industry. But the fishery potential cannot be managed yet maximally because of limited capital which is owned by local fishermen. Arsalim also said on Sunday that fishery commodities which become the mainstay of South Konawe, are like mangrove crab, shrimp, grouper fish, and seaweed. According to Arsalim, the opening of direct export fishery commodities from Haluoleo airport to abroad becomes good news for fishermen or businesspeople who want to invest in the sector. Arsalim further said that the government of South Konawe will continue to manage and accompany local fishermen group to increase their products.
The government of North Sumatera province and People's Republic of China agreed to increase cooperation in various fields, which was agreed by Indonesian President Joko Widodo and President of China, Xi Jinping. Deputy Governor of North Sumatera, Nurhajizah said in Medan on Saturday that until now, there are 13 Chinese companies, such as China Harbor Engineering Co which invests in toll project of Medan-Kualanamu Airport in North Sumatera. In the future, China will also establish cooperation in another sector. The vice governor affirmed that the cooperation is hoped increasing as the relationship improves. In addition, Deputy Governor, Nurhajizah also disclosed that cooperation between China and North Sumatra is expected to improve as the relationship of Indonesia and China is also getting better.
The Indonesian government will boost cooperation of development with Guyana and other Caribbean countries. This was stated in press release of Indonesian Foreign Affairs Ministry in Jakarta on Saturday (19/5). The commitment has been delivered by Minister of Foreign Affairs, Retno LP Marsudi in her first official visit to Guyana and Secretariat of CARICOM (Caribbean Community) since diplomatic relations of the two countries were opened. To President Guyana, David Arthur Granger, Minister Retno said that trade value between Indonesia and Guyana has kept increasing over the last three years. But, the value is still small and is not reflecting the potential of both countries bilateral cooperation. In this regard, Minister Retno suggested that there are three priority areas of development cooperation of the two countries. Firstly, it is about economic cooperation and investment focusing in the sector of energy. Secondly, it’s about environmental cooperation and the third one is technical cooperation and capacity development. In the sector of environmental cooperation, Minister Retno pointed out that as country which also has wide forest, Indonesia can share experience to Guyana in sustainable forest management. In this regard, Minister Retno explained Indonesia’s experience in fighting against illegal logging and development of wood certification so that it can open market access widely in Europe.
The government of India is interested to invest in several sectors in Indonesia. This was stated by Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs, Luhut Binsar Panjaitan related to his visit to India over the weekend. In official press release on Sunday, Minister Luhut stated that at least, India is interested to invest in airplane industry, drones, palm oil, generic drug production, training to develop maritime human resources, plastic waste processing into energy, cleaning river and biodiesel technology. Especially in tourism sector, cooperation is targeted to open direct flight route from Delhi or Mumbai to Jakarta, Bali, Medan, or other cities in Indonesia. The opportunity is considered to have high potential, remembering the number of Indian tourists visiting Indonesia reached 485,000 people last year. Thus, to follow up the visit, Minister Luhut will dispatch technical team to India this week. Cooperation opportunity, which has been concrete, will be discussed in in the level of head of state if Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi will visit Indonesia on May 30, 2018.
RRI World Service, Voice of Indonesia, with Miscellany. This edition will be on National Awakening Day 2018.
May 20th in Indonesia is celebrated as National Awakening Day which is the date of the founding of Budi Utomo movement in Yogyakarta in 1908. The commemoration of National Awakening Day was first held on May 20, 1948 in Yogyakarta and in other areas.
Ministry of Communication and Informatics (Kemenkominfo) RI The ministry of held a series of activities on the National Awakening Day 2018 at Jalan Sudirman, Yogyakarta on Sunday, May 13, 2018themed Human Resource Development Strengthening National Awakening Foundation in the Digital Age. Expert Staff to Minister of Communication and Media Communication Minister Gun Gun Siswadi said that through this activity, his office wants to increase human resources capacity especially for the young generation. This activity also aims to raise awareness of the younger generation as the largest digital user in Indonesia to rise and utilize the technology as well as possible.Gun Siswadi added the inability to take advantage of technological progress is certainly a disadvantage. On the occasion, several activities were organized from the Human Resource Development Campaign to Strengthen National Awakening Foundation in the Digital Age, such as Fun Walk, Mass aerobics and others.
Meanwhile, the Minister of Communication and Information Technology Rudiantara invites the community to interpret the National Awakening Day this time with the movement against hoaks and negative content, as well as using domestically-made applications. Menkominfo said in a series of Car Free Day activities for the commemoration of the 110th National Awakening Day at Sarinah Parking Square, Jakarta, Sunday, May 13, 2018. The Minister also invites the community to reduce negative content in social media. also advised not to load pictures and photos that are not feasible social media, especially children. According to Rudiantara, if necessary, the public can file a direct complaint to the social media providers that disseminate such inappropriate content. It is done for a better Indonesia. Menkominfo appealed to people to use the application made by the nation. The use of national application made by the nation will make the application develop.
The peak of 110th anniversary of National Awakening Day 2018 will be held on May 21, 2018. In addition to flag ceremonies, there are also a number of activities, including Seminar and Interactive Dialogue, a visit to Heroes Cemetery, Speech Contest and many others The 2018 Harkitnas warning series is held simultaneously in three cities, namely Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Surabaya.
Welcome back to this Week Spotlight Highlight which today took is on "President Approves Joint Special Operations Command"
Terrorist attacks have not stopped since the riot occurred at the Salemba Detention Center of Brimob Corps Headquarters, Kelapa Dua Depok, two weeks ago. Facing this, Head of the Office of Presidential Staff, Moeldoko stated that President Joko Widodo-Jokowi has approved to revive the Joint Operation Command. With the enlargement of this special military force, the apparatus involved in overcoming terrorism include not only the Police through Densus 88 but also the Military with the Joint Special Operations Command..
Moeldoko asserted that the capability of the Combined Special Operations Command forces has also been well prepared to be assigned to various regions in Indonesia. Furthermore, the Chief of Police and Commander of TNI will further discuss the task of special forces.
The Joint Special Operation Command was formed while Moeldoko while was serving as TNI Commander and was inaugurated in June 2015. The elite force is the best combination of personnel from the Military special forces to eradicate terrorism. Among them, Unit 81 Gulfor Command Forces Kusus-Koppassus TNI army. Detachment Jala Mengkara Marine Corps Navy, and Unit Bravo Troops Typical Air ForceTNI.
It consisted of 90 specially trained soldiers in handling terrorism. The special unit was frozen some time ago.
According to Moeldoko to reactivate this special force does not require a legal umbrella. He said the joint operation needs to be run as a preventive measure against the threat of terrorism attacks and create peace of mind. He hopes the Joint Special Operations Command can be kept alive to combat terrorism and other war operations in different regions. The reinstatement of the Joint Special Operations Command is expected to provide optimal strength for securing the country.
Related to the plan, Head of Public Relations Division of the Police, Inspector General Setyo Wasisto said, the Police have coordinated with several other institutions in counterterrorism action. Among others is with TNI. Kopassus Special Forces Command. In searching or raiding activities, according to Setyo, Brimob Corps has often cooperated with kopassus. Similarly, in handling the security of vital objects.
In many terrorist arrest operations the Military have also been frequently involved. Setyo Wasisto asserted, the Police did not question the involvement of the TNI in counterterrorism action. The most common example is Operation Tinombala in Poso, Central Sulawesi. In counterterrorism operations in eastern Indonesia, the TNI participated in the field.
RRI World Service -Voice of Indonesia with Today In History, a regular segment which brings back people and events from this date in the past as recorded in history.
I’ll start with May 20, 1908;the first National Awakening Day of Indonesia.
Every May 20, the Indonesian people commemorate National Awakening Day. The day, that became the momentum of the struggle of all Indonesian people, was marked by the birth of Budi Oetomo organization in 1908. The establishment of Budi Oetomo was the beginning of a movement aimed at achieving the independence of Indonesia. Judging from the history of the establishment of Budi Oetomo, founded by educated young people, it is fitting for the people of Indonesia,`to have the same spirit for the resurrection of Indonesia to progress. Live along with the development of science and technology.
Next is from 20 May 2002; Timor-Leste becomes independent from Indonesia.
The Democratic Republic of East Timor, which before independence was named East Timor, is a small country to the north of Australia and the eastern part of the Indonesian island of Timor. In addition, the country's territory also includes Kambing or Atauro island, Jaco, and the Oecussi-Ambeno enclave in West Timor. East Timor was once one of Indonesia's provinces. It was officially independent on 20 May 2002. When it became a member of the United Nations, the country decided to use the Portuguese name "Timor Leste" as the official name of their country.
I’ll end Today in History with May 20, 2008; Ali Sadikin dies.
Ali Sadikin, the former Jakarta governor, also known as Bang Ali, died at the age of 82 years, on Tuesday, May 20, 2008.
Ali Sadikin is well known for developing the city of Jakarta. He received the honor of Bintang Mahaputera Adipradana because he was considered meritorious to the country and the nation, especially for turning Jakarta into a Metropolitan City. President Soekarno appointed him Governor of Jakarta in the 60s because he was considered as “stubborn”. He succeeded as a leader and in developing the city of Jakarta precisely because of his harsh nature.