Indonesian Wonder

Indonesian Wonder (265)


Besides offering natural beauty, almost every lake in Indonesia also have many stories about  the lake  such as angler and his caught in Lake Toba, North Sumatra as well as Pertapa and Dragon in Rawa Pening, Ambarawa, Central Java.  In today’s segment of Indonesian Wonder I present to you about a lake in eastern Indonesia,   with its  interesting background story of forbidden love. However,  behind that unique folklores, Lake keeps a different charm and it is very interesting to visit. Likewise lake Tolire in Ternate, North Maluku which is located at the valey of Mount Gamalama.

Ternate Island is an island that has been famous for centuries because of its spices. The history of the emergence of western colonialism was mainly because its spices. In Ternate there are also many attractions that must be visited both historical tourism and natural charm. One of the natural beauty that become a tourist destination in Ternate is Lake Tolire. If you want to visit Lake Tolire, you have to visit first Ternate City, in North Maluku. From Ternate the distance is approximately 10 Km south of the city to Lake Tolire. After traveling for about 20 minutes passing the seashore and hills, you will arrive at Lake Tolire. You don't need to worry, there are directions on the side of the road to Lake Tolire. According to the local people’s belief, Lake Tolire was formed due to the wrath of Almighty GOD because of the forbidden love between a father and his daughter. Lake Tolire consists of two lakes, Lake Tolire Besar and Lake Tolire Kecil, which is only 200 meters away. Behind the folklore, Lake Tolire provides a unique tourism object besides the natural beauty along with living things around it. 

With its background of the  active and beautiful Gamalama volcano, Lake Tolire Besar looks enchantment and exotic with turquoise green color sea water around it. Behind the beautiful panorama of the lake, visitors can also feel mysteriousity of the lake.  It may be the effect of folklore about this lake. Moreover,  there is a unique story of throwing a stone if we visit the Lake Tolire Besar.  The position of the lake is  more than 50 meters below, the visitors have to stand around 3 meters from the lip of the cliff above the lake. The story is that if we throw a stone to the lake, we will not be able to see the position of the stone, but someone else can see it.  The green of the forest trees combined with the black color of the land from the effects of the eruption of Mount Gamalama  and  birdsong, make the scenery and atmosphere on the Lake Tolire Besar  more beautiful and charming. 

Until now, there has  not anyone who examines how deep Lake Tolire is, but local people believe its depth is difficult to reach because it connects to the sea. Lake Tolire Besar also has a story about white crocodile that  guards the presence and sustainability of  the lake.  While  for  Lake Tolire Kecil which is located approximately 200 meters from Lake Tolire Besar  is closer to the shoreline. The Lake just  like a shrimp or fish pond on the edge of the beach which is grown by  coconut trees and various species of trees around it . It is  not too special if it is  compared with Lake Tolire Besar.


Mountain Ijen, which has an altitude of 2,443 meters above sea level, has amazing enchantment. The mountain, which is located at the borders of Bondowoso and Banyuwangi regency, is quite often climbed by many tourists, both domestic and foreign tourists, because it is well known on its natural phenomenon at Ijen crater, namely blue fire. Climbing Mt. Ijen takes around 3 – 4 hours with sandy and steep rocks’ terrain.  Ijen crater has a depth of 200 meters with an area of 5,466 hectares. The enchantment of blue fire can be seen in the crater.

Blue fire is a coincidence that happens on an ongoing basis. Ijen Crater with huge sulfur content has high-pressure geothermal heat so that oxidation reaction occurs. The sulfur combustion reaction produces heat and light, and then this is accepted as blue color by the receptors of the human eyes. The best time to watch the blue fire in Ijen Crater is at dawn during  02.00-04.00 am of local time. To climb the mountain, we suggest you to climb it at night around 10.00 pm in order you can be relaxed. The trip to bottom of the crater is not easy to be passed because there is uphill track along 3 kilometers and about 700 meters downhill.

Besides the challenging tracks to Ijen crater, when going down to the crater, you should share space with sulfur miners who transport tens of kilograms of sulfur. Its condition will be more difficult if there are many climbers. The best month to watch the blue fire of Ijen crater is December because fog intensity is lower. Such a condition, you can watch the blue fire and blue water of lake without fog. If fog is high and thick, the blue fire is only faintly visible and it tends to dim, even it is not seen at all. After enjoying the blue fire, you can continue your trip to peak of Mt, Ijen which is located around 1 kilometer from the crater.  Over there, you can watch beautiful sunrise. From the peak of the mountain, you can enjoy beautiful panorama and even peak of Mt. Merapi which is located at the East of Ijen crater. So, what are you waiting for? Set your time to go to Bondowoso, East Java province to enjoy the blue fire.


Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia which has different tribes, cultures and traditions. One of the Indonesian tribes is Betawi. One of the Betawi’s traditions is Palang Pintu or Cross Bar. 

Palang Pintu tradition becomes an identity of Betawi people in Jakarta. The tradition has become part of wedding procession since long time ago. The tradition is combination between Silat, martial art and limerick which dominate the tradition. 

Until now, the tradition is still implemented by Betawi people, which is still strong in Islamic teachings. The tradition aims to test the seriousness of man to woman who will get married. To pass the test in Palang Pintu tradition’s test, there are two prerequisites which must be fulfilled, namely to win the martial arts and to fluently read the Koran.

Palang Pintu tradition was inherited from generation to generation and there is no historical note which explains about when and who created the tradition. The tradition is usually implemented when bridegroom arriving at the bride’s place.  

The tradition has some steps namely, Shalawat Dustur, requited rhyme, Beklai, and Lantun Sike. During the tradition implemented, the bridegroom will be blocked by Silat fighters or Jawara from the bride’s village. 

Then, one of the Silat fighters requests some requisitions. The point is to challenge fighting and reading Koran. Therefore, the bridegroom can be ensured having quality or not, according to them. 

Implementing Palang Pintu tradition needs 9 persons; 2 persons are Silat fighters from the bride side, 1 person from the bridegroom, I person as poem interpreter from each side, 3 persons as readers of Shalawat Dustur, and 1 person as Sike’s reader.  

Today, the tradition is conducted by people who are paid and usually called “Centeng”. The name of Palang Pintu comes from Betawi Tengah and Betawi Kota people, while Betawi Pinggiran and Betawi Ora call it as “Rebut Dandang or “Tepuk Dandang”.


The National Monument or abbreviated Monas is a tower with 132 meters high in the center of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta, symbolizing the fight for Indonesia. It is the national monument of the Republic of Indonesia, and built to commemorate the struggle for Indonesian independence.

Construction began in 1961 under the direction of Indonesian first President Sukarno. Monas was opened to the public in 1975. On the top, it is a flame covered with gold. The National Monument has long history. 

President Sukarno began to contemplate the construction of a national monument comparable to the Eiffel Tower on the square in front of the Presidential Palace. The monument was built at 80-hectare area and designed by Frederich Silaban and R. M. Soedarsono that began to be built on August 17, 1961. Underground of the monument, there is a museum of Indonesian national history. An elevator at the Southern side will carry visitors to the top of the monument. The top of the monument can accommodate around 50 people. There are also binoculars where visitors can see Jakarta’s panorama closer.  If it is sunny day without clouds, visitors can see Mt. Salak at the South which is located in Bogor regency, West Java province. At the North, there is stretch of sea with small islands.  

On the top of the National Monument, there is a platform or called Cawan that supports the flame of a bronze lamp which weighs up to 14.5 tons and is coated with 35 kilograms of gold. The flame is as a symbol of the struggle of Indonesian people who wanted to achieve independence. The gold was donated by Teuku Markam, an Acehnese entrepreneur. The platform can be reached through elevator or stairs when going down from the top of the monument to reach the base of the platform. To go there, you can use many kinds of public transportation.


Portuguese fortress is one of the main historical tourism objects of Jepara in Central Java. It is located in Banyumanis village, Donorojo district, Jepara regency, Central Java province. Geographically, the location of the fortress is very strategic for military, especially in the past when the cannons were able to fire only 2-3 kilometers away.

The fortress was built in 1923 on stone hill at seashore and exactly, in front of it, there is Mandalika Island that can protect the fortress. It influences on sailing of the ships from Jepara to the Eastern of Indonesia or vice versa.

Now, the fortress is only quadrangle-shaped wall ruins on hill. Behind the wall, there is only an empty land overgrown with the trees that are usually used as shelter by visitors.In addition, there are also several cannon replicas located in the north and east of this fortress. Here, visitors can enjoy the beautiful and exotic Mandalika Island.  

To go to the fortress, you should use private car or motorcycle because this tourism object is located into a rural area where public transportation does not operate.

Ticket price of this tourism object is quite cheap; it is only Rp 5,000/person. So, visitors can enjoy beautiful waves and panorama at the Portuguese fortress. At surrounding the fortress, there are many food stalls selling various menus with affordable prices.

y PPE mask uses two types of materials, namely High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) and Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic. This emergency mask must also be produced by paying attention to the safety of the material used. Djoko stressed that these masks are only for clinical institutions that need them. This free distribution has a flow of distribution procedures that are not arbitrary. For clinical institutions that need this mask must prepare an official request letter and attach it together with the online form provided.


Vacation in Bali is everyone's dream, both local and foreign tourists. One of the attractions that must be visited is Seminyak beach or also called Dhyanapura Beach. This beach is located on Diana Pura street, Seminyak village, Kuta district in Badung Regency.

Seminyak Beach is a beautiful beach with white sand and big waves. Why the beach was named as Seminyak beach is that because the location of this beach is in the Seminyak area. The atmosphere of Seminyak Beach is not too crowded, so it is comfortable for a vacation. Along the beach, there are umbrellas provided for tourists who want to relax while enjoying the surroundings. In the late afternoon, tourists can see the beautiful panorama of the sunset. On this Seminyak beach, you can also do activities like sunbathing, swimming, surfing, and playing ball.

Interestingly, along the road to Seminyak beach, there are some restaurants that offer delicious dishes. You can choose from traditional dishes to international dishes, from cheap to expensive dishes. Therefore, the road is called Eating Street.

Besides restaurants, Seminyak beach also offers accommodation facilities, such as hotels, resorts and villas. But the prices here are quite expensive.

If you would like to exercise adrenaline, you can try Bungee Jumping with tower’s 45 meters high. Only large elastic cord is attached to the ankle. Bungee Jumping in Bali can be found in Seminyak Beach only.

There are 3 choices of time to jump, namely day, evening and night. If you want to be photographed while jumping, and jumping while enjoying the beautiful scenery along the coast of Kuta-Legian-Seminyak, jump in the afternoon or evening. If you want to jump against a background of blue sky, jump during the day. If you want to take pictures with a reddish sky background, jump before sunset.

To reach the top of the tower, there is a special elevator. One jump costs around Rp500,000. This price includes taxes, insurance, T-shirts, certificates, and shuttle to hotels in Legian, Seminyak, and surrounding areas.

If you visit Bali, don’t forget to enjoy Seminyak Beach. From Ngurah Rai Airport, it only takes 30 minutes by car, and from Denpasar City, it takes about 17 minutes, because the distance is only 10 kilometers.


Palembang  as capital of South Sumatera province has now been a new icon for national and international events. Because, international sports complex of Jaka Baring has been built and the existence of electric train transportation ( LRT) has  made Palembang more well-known by people in Indonesia and in foreign countries. As an international cross culture city since Sriwijaya kingdom ruled in 9th until 12th century, Palembang has resulted in various cultures such as customs, culinary and fashion. One of the heritage fashions that still exists is “Songket Woven Fabric ".

Pelembang is indeed famous from its typical culinary namely  Pempek and Cuko, butSongket Woven Fabric ofPalembang is also famousand well-known in  international world as part of Malay typical fashion. If you go to Palembang, you can visitTanggo Buntung district as center forSongket hand-made clothSongket Woven Fabric approximately has existed since 17th century as special cloth for the kings and aristocrats. There are galleries and Songket shops with highly artistic quality in Tanggo Buntung district. Besides, there are also home Songket weaving craftsmen who work for their generations and the knowledge they  gained is also from hereditary knowledge.

Now, the production of Songket  still uses looms rather than  machines because it is to maintain its authenticity. Each person uses an independent traditional weaving tool and wooden boxes to form motive which will form a geometric pattern, and plant combined with geometric patterns on each woven product. But in a certain pattern, there are also more modern patterns. There are 3 motives passed down from the past. They still survive until now. At present, the number of Palembang Songket motives consists of more than 71 patterns. Of the motives, 22 patterns have been patented. Several processes to make a good quality Songket   take approximately three months. In general, the cheapest price of Palembang Songket  is Rp. 750,000. In addition, the older the Songket cloth is, the more expensive it is.

There is an interesting thing about the making of Songket weaving in which every craftsman does not make his / her own model, but he / she  takes the type of model from other craftsmen who specifically make and arrange woven patterns and prepare yarns; one of which is gold threads as typical Songket. While weaving craftsmen only weave. According to Songket weaving craftsmen, this has been done from one generation to another generation as a form of mutual cooperation and to respect among communities. If we visit Tanggo Buntung, besides being able to see the making of the Weaving Songket in the galleries, we can also visit the home centers to weave based on order where the tools are from several  generations and even the age of the  tools have been about 100 years.


Kangean islands are located in the Eastern part of Madura Island, East Java province. The islands consist of several islands: Kangean, Sapeken, Saebus and Mambrut islands. Kangean Islands cover an area of 487 square kilometers.

Although the islands enter in the area of Sumenep regency on Madura Island and also located in the Northern part of Bali Island, there are many some differences among Kangean, Madura and Bali. Kangean people mention themselves as Kangean people whose language is different from Madurese and Balinese languages.

Kangean islands have beautiful beach with under-sea panorama. Various kinds of fish color the undersea nature. On the islands, there are beautiful coral reefs.

Because of their beauty, Kangean islands used to be recorded as place of the best fifth coral reef in Indonesia. You can rent a boat to go around the islands. Usually, the ship's captain also serves as a guide. 

If you want to travel to Kangean Islands by public transportation from Surabaya, you have to take the route from Bungurasih Terminal to Sumenep Terminal. This takes about 4 hours.

Then, from Sumenep Terminal, you must rent public transportation to Kalianget seaport. Arriving at Kalianget seaport, you must go by speed boat to cross to Kangean around 4 to 5 hours.


Pontianak City is identical with the equator. The city becomes one of the cities, which is passed by equator line. There are 12 countries in the world which are passed by the equator. But, Pontianak City is the only one city which rightly separates northern and southern hemispheres. You are exactly at the point when visiting Equator Monument.

Until now, every March 21-23 and September 21-23, the monument is the location of the Sun Culmination Day. At that time, the sun will be exactly above the equator. When this natural phenomenon takes place, the shadow of the monument and the surrounding objects will disappear for a few seconds. This is the unique attraction for tourists who visit.

The Equator Monument is an historical icon of Pontianak City. It was built by a geography expedition team led by a Dutch geographer in 1928 by using astronomy. 

The measurement conducted by the experts at that time was without modern equipment such as satellite or GPS. They were only based on the uneven or wavy lines and  natural objects such as constellations.

Then, the monument was renovated several times. First, in 1930, the renovated parts were in milestones, circles and arrows. Second in 1938, it was restored by Indonesian architect, Frederich Silaban.

The Equator Monument is located on Jalan Khatulistiwa, North Pontianak district in West Kalimantan. To go to the monument can be accessed around 30 minutes from downtown of Pontianak by car or motorcycle.  Visitors do not need to pay the ticket to enter the monument. 


The location of Nunsui Beach is close to two other beaches: Laisana and Manikin Beached in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara -NTT. Precisely, the Nunsui Beach is at the Eastern part of Kupang City in Oesapa village, Kelapa Lima district, Kupang. It is not difficult to go to the Nunsui Beach because from Kupang, you can ride motorcycle and it only takes around 20 minutes.

The Nunsui Beach is called ‘Batu Nona beach’ by local people because there is a stone whose shape is like a woman. The stone is located near the seashore. Visitors can climb to the stone and see beautiful scenery of Kupang bay at the distance.

In addition, the visitors can also see beautiful sunset. While waiting for the sunset, they can enjoy the fresh air at the beach while sitting on stone’s bench. You can also catch fish from the bench.

If you are tired after playing sand on the beach or swimming while sun bathing, you can enjoy snacks such as corn roasted, Epe banana or young coconut ice which are offered by the vendors around the beach.

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